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E100–E199 (colours)

Code

Name(s)

Colour

E100

Curcumin (from turmeric)

Yellow-orange

E101

Riboflavin (Vitamin B2), formerly called lactoflavin

Yellow-orange

E101a

Riboflavin-5'-Phosphate

Yellow-orange

E102

Tartrazine (FD&C Yellow 5)

Lemon yellow

E103

>Alkannin

Red-brown

E104

Quinoline Yellow WS

Dull or greenish yellow

E105

Fast Yellow AB

Yellow

E106

Riboflavin-5-Sodium Phosphate

Yellow

E107

Yellow 2G

Yellow

E110

Sunset Yellow FCF (Orange Yellow S, FD&C Yellow 6)

Yellow-orange

E111

Orange GGN

Orange

E120

Cochineal, Carminic acid, Carmine (Natural Red 4)

Crimson

E121

Citrus Red 2

Dark red

E122

Carmoisine, Azorubine

Red to maroon

E123

Amaranth (FD&C Red 2)

Dark red

E124

Ponceau 4R (Cochineal Red A, Brilliant Scarlet 4R)

Red

E125

Ponceau SX, Scarlet GN

Red

E126

Ponceau 6R

Red

E127

Erythrosine (FD&C Red 3)

Red

E128

Red 2G

Red

E129

Allura Red AC (FD&C Red 40)

Red

E130

Indanthrene blue RS

Blue

E131

Patent Blue V

Dark blue

E132

Indigo carmine (indigotine, FD&C Blue 2)

Indigo

E133

Brilliant Blue FCF (FD&C Blue 1)

Reddish blue

E140

Chlorophylls and Chlorophyllins: (i) Chlorophylls (ii) Chlorophyllins

Green

E141

Copper complexes of chlorophylls and chlorophyllins (i) Copper complexes of chlorophylls (ii) Copper complexes of chlorophyllins

Green

E142

Green S

Green

E143

Fast Green FCF (FD&C Green 3)

Sea green

E150a

Plain caramel

Brown

E150b

Caustic sulphite caramel

Brown

E150c

Ammonia caramel

Brown

E150d

Sulphite ammonia caramel

Brown

E151

Black PN, Brilliant Black BN

Black

E152

Black 7984 food colouring

Black

E153

Carbon black, Vegetable carbon

Black

E154

Brown FK (kipper brown)

Brown

E155

Brown HT (chocolate brown HT)

Brown

E160a

Alpha-carotene, Beta-carotene, Gamma-carotene

Yellow-orange to brown

E160b

Annatto, bixin, norbixin

Orange

E160c

Paprika oleoresin, Capsanthin, capsorubin

Red

E160d

Lycopene

Bright to deep red

E160e

Beta-apo-8'-carotenal (C 30)

Orange-red to yellow

E160f

Ethyl ester of beta-apo-8'-carotenic acid (C 30)

Orange-red to yellow

E161a

Flavoxanthin

Golden-yellow

E161b

Lutein

Orange-red to yellow

E161c

Cryptoxanthin

Orange-red

E161d

Rubixanthin

Orange-red

E161e

Violaxanthin

Orange

E161f

Rhodoxanthin

Purple

E161g

Canthaxanthin

Violet

E161h

Zeaxanthin

Orange-red

E161i

Citranaxanthin

Deep violet

E161j

Astaxanthin

Red

E162

Beetroot Red, Betanin

Red

E163

Anthocyanins

pH dependent(Red, green and purple ranges)

E164

Saffron

Orange-red[colour?]

E170

Calcium carbonate, Chalk

White

E171

Titanium dioxide

White

E172

Iron oxides and iron hydroxides

Brown

E173

Aluminium

Silver to grey

E174

Silver

Silver

E175

Gold

Gold

E180

Pigment Rubine, Lithol Rubine BK

Red

E181

Tannin

Brown

E182

Orcein, Orchil

Purple

E200–E299 (preservatives)

Code

Name(s)

Purpose

E200

Sorbic acid

preservative

E201

Sodium sorbate

preservative

E202

Potassium sorbate

preservative

E203

Calcium sorbate

preservative

E209

Heptyl p-hydroxybenzoate

preservative

E210

Benzoic acid

preservative

E211

Sodium benzoate

preservative

E212

Potassium benzoate

preservative

E213

Calcium benzoate

preservative

E214

Ethylparaben (ethyl para-hydroxybenzoate)

preservative

E215

Sodium ethyl para-hydroxybenzoate

preservative

E216

Propylparaben (propyl para-hydroxybenzoate)

preservative

E217

Sodium propyl para-hydroxybenzoate

preservative

E218

Methylparaben (methyl para-hydroxybenzoate)

preservative

E219

Sodium methyl para-hydroxybenzoate

preservative

E220

Sulphur dioxide

preservative

E221

Sodium sulphite

preservative

E222

Sodium bisulphite (sodium hydrogen sulphite)

preservative

E223

Sodium metabisulphite

preservative

E224

Potassium metabisulphite

preservative

E225

Potassium sulphite

preservative

E226

Calcium sulphite

preservative

E227

Calcium hydrogen sulphite (preservative)

firming agent

E228

Potassium hydrogen sulphite

preservative

E230

Biphenyl, diphenyl

preservative

E231

Orthophenyl phenol

preservative

E232

Sodium orthophenyl phenol

preservative

E233

Thiabendazole

preservative

E234

Nisin

preservative

E235

Natamycin, Pimaracin

preservative

E236

Formic acid

preservative

E237

Sodium formate

preservative

E238

Calcium formate

preservative

E239

Hexamine (hexamethylene tetramine)

preservative

E240

Formaldehyde

preservative

E242

Dimethyl dicarbonate

preservative

E249

Potassium nitrite

preservative

E250

Sodium nitrite

preservative

E251

Sodium nitrate (Chile saltpeter)

preservative

E252

Potassium nitrate (Saltpetre)

preservative

E260

Acetic acid (preservative)

acidity regulator

E261

Potassium acetate (preservative)

acidity regulator

E262

Sodium acetates (i) Sodium acetate (ii) Sodium diacetate (sodium hydrogen acetate)

preservative, acidity regulator

E263

Calcium acetate (preservative)

acidity regulator

E264

Ammonium acetate

preservative

E265

Dehydroacetic acid

preservative

E266

Sodium dehydroacetate

preservative

E270

Lactic acid (preservative)

antioxidant

E280

Propionic acid

preservative

E281

Sodium propionate

preservative

E282

Calcium propionate

preservative

E283

Potassium propionate

preservative

E284

Boric acid

preservative

E285

Sodium tetraborate (borax)

preservative

E290

Carbon dioxide

acidity regulator

E296

Malic acid (acid)

acidity regulator

E297

Fumaric acid

acidity regulator

E300–E399 (antioxidants, acidity regulators)

Code

Name(s)

Purpose

E300

Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C)

antioxidant

E301

Sodium ascorbate

antioxidant

E302

Calcium ascorbate

antioxidant

E303

Potassium ascorbate

antioxidant

E304

Fatty acid esters of ascorbic acid (Ascorbyl palmitate)

antioxidant

E305

Ascorbyl stearate

antioxidant

E306

Tocopherols (natural)

antioxidant

E307

Alpha-tocopherol (synthetic)

antioxidant

E308

Gamma-tocopherol (synthetic)

antioxidant

E309

Delta-tocopherol (synthetic)

antioxidant

E310

Propyl gallate

antioxidant

E311

Octyl gallate

antioxidant

E312

Dodecyl gallate

antioxidant

E313

Ethyl gallate

antioxidant

E314

Guaiac resin

antioxidant

E315

Erythorbic acid

antioxidant

E316

Sodium erythorbate

antioxidant

E317

Erythorbin acid

antioxidant

E318

Sodium erythorbin

antioxidant

E319

tert-Butylhydroquinone (TBHQ)

antioxidant

E320

Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA)

antioxidant

E321

Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT)

antioxidant

E322

Lecithin

emulsifier

E323

Anoxomer

antioxidant

E324

Ethoxyquin

antioxidant

E325

Sodium lactate

acidity regulator

E326

Potassium lactate (antioxidant)

acidity regulator

E327

Calcium lactate

acidity regulator

E328

Ammonium lactate

acidity regulator

E329

Magnesium lactate

acidity regulator

E330

Citric acid

acid, acidity regulator

E331

Sodium citrates (i) Monosodium citrate (ii) Disodium citrate (iii) Sodium citrate (trisodium citrate)

acidity regulator

E332

Potassium citrates (i) Monopotassium citrate (ii) Potassium citrate (tripotassium citrate)

acidity regulator

E333

Calcium citrates (i) Monocalcium citrate (ii) Dicalcium citrate (iii) Calcium citrate (tricalcium citrate)

acidity regulator, firming agent, sequestrant

E334

Tartaric acid (L(+)-)

(acid)

E335

Sodium tartrates (i) Monosodium tartrate (ii), Disodium tartrate

acidity regulator

E336

Potassium tartrates (i) Monopotassium tartrate (cream of tartar) (ii) Dipotassium tartrate

acidity regulator

E337

Sodium potassium tartrate

acidity regulator

E338

Orthophosphoric acid

acid

E339

Sodium phosphates (i) Monosodium phosphate (ii) Disodium phosphate (iii) Trisodium phosphate

antioxidant

E340

Potassium phosphates (i) Monopotassium phosphate (ii) Dipotassium phosphate (iii) Tripotassium phosphate

antioxidant

E341

Calcium phosphates (i) Monocalcium phosphate (ii) Dicalcium phosphate (iii) Tricalcium phosphate

anti-caking agent, firming agent

E342

Ammonium phosphates: (i) monoammonium phosphate (ii) diammonium phosphate


E343

Magnesium phosphates (i) monomagnesium phosphate (ii) Dimagnesium phosphate

anti-caking agent

E344

Lecitin citrate

acidity regulator

E345

Magnesium citrate

acidity regulator

E349

Ammonium malate

acidity regulator

E350

Sodium malates (i) Sodium malate (ii) Sodium hydrogen malate

acidity regulator

E351

Potassium malate

acidity regulator

E352

Calcium malates (i) Calcium malate (ii) Calcium hydrogen malate

acidity regulator

E353

Metatartaric acid

emulsifier

E354

Calcium tartrate

emulsifier

E355

Adipic acid

acidity regulator

E356

Sodium adipate

acidity regulator

E357

Potassium adipate

acidity regulator

E359

Ammonium adipate

acidity regulator

E363

Succinic acid

acidity regulator

E365

Sodium fumarate

acidity regulator

E366

Potassium fumarate

acidity regulator

E367

Calcium fumarate

acidity regulator

E368

Ammonium fumarate

acidity regulator

E370

1,4-Heptonolactone

acidity regulator

E380

Triammonium citrate

acidity regulator

E381

Ammonium ferric citrate

acidity regulator

E383

Calcium glycerylphosphate

acidity regulator

E384

Isopropyl citrate

acidity regulator

E385

Calcium disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate, (Calcium disodium EDTA)

sequestrant

E386

Disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate (Disodium EDTA)

sequestrant

E387

Oxystearin

stabiliser

E388

Thiodipropionic acid


E389

Dilauryl thiodipropionate


E390

Distearyl thiodipropionate


E391

Phytic acid


E392

Extracts of rosemary


E399

Calcium lactobionate


E400–E499 (thickeners, stabilizers, emulsifiers)

Code

Name(s)

Purpose

E400

Alginic acid (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent)

emulsifier

E401

Sodium alginate (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent)

emulsifier

E402

Potassium alginate (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent)

emulsifier

E403

Ammonium alginate (thickener) (stabiliser)

emulsifier

E404

Calcium alginate (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent)

emulsifier

E405

Propane-1,2-diol alginate (Propylene glycol alginate) (thickener) (stabiliser)

emulsifier

E406

Agar (thickener) (gelling agent)

stabiliser

E407

Carrageenan (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent)

emulsifier

E407a

Processed eucheuma seaweed (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent)

emulsifier

E408

Bakers yeast glycan


E409

Arabinogalactan


E410

Locust bean gum (Carob gum) (thickener) (stabiliser) (gelling agent)

emulsifier

E411

Oat gum (thickener)

stabiliser

E412

Guar gum (thickener)

stabiliser

E413

Tragacanth (thickener) (stabiliser)

emulsifier

E414

Acacia gum (gum arabic) (thickener) (stabiliser)

emulsifier

E415

Xanthan gum (thickener)

stabiliser

E416

Karaya gum (thickener) (stabiliser)

emulsifier

E417

Tara gum (thickener)

stabiliser

E418

Gellan gum (thickener) (stabiliser)

emulsifier

E419

Gum ghatti (thickener) (stabiliser)

emulsifier

E420

Sorbitol (i) Sorbitol (ii) Sorbitol syrup (emulsifier) (sweetener)

humectant

E421

Mannitol (anti-caking agent)

sweetener

E422

Glycerol (emulsifier)

sweetener

E424

Curdlan


E425

Konjac (i) Konjac gum (ii) Konjac glucomannane

emulsifier

E426

Soybean hemicellulose


E427

Cassia gum


E429

Peptones


E430

Polyoxyethene (8) stearate (emulsifier)

stabiliser

E431

Polyoxyethene (40) stearate

emulsifier

E432

Polyoxyethene (20) sorbitan monolaurate (polysorbate 20)

emulsifier

E433

Polyoxyethene (20) sorbitan monooleate (polysorbate 80)

emulsifier

E434

Polyoxyethene (20) sorbitan monopalmitate (polysorbate 40)

emulsifier

E435

Polyoxyethene (20) sorbitan monostearate (polysorbate 60)

emulsifier

E436

Polyoxyethene (20) sorbitan tristearate (polysorbate 65)

emulsifier

E440

Pectins (i) pectin (ii) amidated pectin

emulsifier

E441

Gelatine (emulsifier)

gelling agent

E442

Ammonium phosphatides

emulsifier

E443

Brominated vegetable oil

emulsifier

E444

Sucrose acetate isobutyrate

emulsifier

E445

Glycerol esters of wood rosins

emulsifier

E446

Succistearin


E450

Diphosphates (i) Disodium diphosphate (ii) Trisodium diphosphate (iii) Tetrasodium diphosphate (iv) Dipotassium diphosphate (v) Tetrapotassium diphosphate (vi) Dicalcium diphosphate (vii) Calcium dihydrogen diphosphate

emulsifier

E451

Triphosphates (i) Sodium triphosphate (pentasodium triphosphate) (ii) Pentapotassium triphosphate

emulsifier

E452

Polyphosphates (i) Sodium polyphosphates (ii) Potassium polyphosphates (iii) Sodium calcium polyphosphate (iv) Calcium polyphosphates (v) Ammonium polyphosphate

emulsifier

E459

Beta-cyclodextrin

emulsifier

E460

Cellulose (i) Microcrystalline cellulose (ii) Powdered cellulose

emulsifier

E461

Methyl cellulose

emulsifier

E462

Ethyl cellulose

emulsifier

E463

Hydroxypropyl cellulose

emulsifier

E464

Hypromellose (hydroxypropyl methylcellulose)

emulsifier

E465

Ethyl methyl cellulose

emulsifier

E466

Carboxymethyl cellulose, Sodium carboxy methyl cellulose

emulsifier

E467

Ethyl hydroxyethyl cellulose


E468

Crosslinked sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (Croscarmellose)

emulsifier

E469

Enzymically hydrolysed carboxymethylcellulose

emulsifier

E470a

Sodium, potassium and calcium salts of fatty acids (emulsifier)

anti-caking agent

E470b

Magnesium salts of fatty acids (emulsifier)

anti-caking agent

E471

Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids (glyceryl monostearate, glyceryl distearate)

emulsifier

E472a

Acetic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids

emulsifier

E472b

Lactic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids

emulsifier

E472c

Citric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids

emulsifier

E472d

Tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids

emulsifier

E472e

Mono- and diacetyl tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids

emulsifier

E472f

Mixed acetic and tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids

emulsifier

E472g

Succinylated monoglycerides

emulsifier

E473

Sucrose esters of fatty acids

emulsifier

E474

Sucroglycerides

emulsifier

E475

Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids

emulsifier

E476

Polyglycerol polyricinoleate

emulsifier

E477

Propane-1,2-diol esters of fatty acids, propylene glycol esters of fatty acids

emulsifier

E478

Lactylated fatty acid esters of glycerol and propane-1

emulsifier

E479b

Thermally oxidized soya bean oil interacted with mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids

emulsifier

E480

Dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate

emulsifier

E481

Sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate

emulsifier

E482

Calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate

emulsifier

E483

Stearyl tartrate

emulsifier

E484

Stearyl citrate

emulsifier

E485

Sodium stearoyl fumarate

emulsifier

E486

Calcium stearoyl fumarate

emulsifier

E487

Sodium laurylsulphate

emulsifier

E488

Ethoxylated Mono- and Di-Glycerides

emulsifier

E489

Methyl glucoside-coconut oil ester

emulsifier

E490

Propane-1,2-diol


E491

Sorbitan monostearate

emulsifier

E492

Sorbitan tristearate

emulsifier

E493

Sorbitan monolaurate

emulsifier

E494

Sorbitan monooleate

emulsifier

E495

Sorbitan monopalmitate

emulsifier

E496

Sorbitan trioleate

emulsifier

E497

Polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene polymers


E498

Partial polyglycerol esters of polycondensed fatty acids of castor oil


E500–E599 (acidity regulators, anti-caking agents)

Code

Name(s)

Purpose

E500

Sodium carbonates (i) Sodium carbonate (ii) Sodium bicarbonate (Sodium hydrogen carbonate) (iii) Sodium sesquicarbonate (acidity regulator)

raising agent

E501

Potassium carbonates (i) Potassium carbonate (ii) Potassium bicarbonate (Potassium hydrogen carbonate)

acidity regulator

E503

Ammonium carbonates (i) Ammonium carbonate (ii) Ammonium bicarbonate (Ammonium hydrogen carbonate)

acidity regulator

E504

Magnesium carbonates (i) Magnesium carbonate (ii) Magnesium bicarbonate Magnesium hydrogen carbonate

acidity regulator, anti-caking agent

E505

Ferrous carbonate

acidity regulator

E507

Hydrochloric acid

acid

E508

Potassium chloride (gelling agent)

seasoning

E509

Calcium chloride (sequestrant)

firming agent

E510

Ammonium chloride, ammonia solution (acidity regulator)

improving agent

E511

Magnesium chloride

firming agent

E512

Stannous chloride

antioxidant

E513

Sulphuric acid

acid

E514

Sodium sulphates (i) Sodium sulphate (ii)

acid

E515

Potassium Sulphates (i) Potassium Sulphate (ii)


E516

Calcium sulphate


E517

Ammonium sulphate

acidity regulator

E518

Magnesium sulphate (Epsom salts), (acidity regulator)

firming agent

E519

Copper(II) sulphate

preservative

E520

Aluminium sulphate

firming agent

E521

Aluminium sodium sulphate

firming agent

E522

Aluminium potassium sulphate

acidity regulator

E523

Aluminium ammonium sulphate

acidity regulator

E524

Sodium hydroxide

acidity regulator

E525

Potassium hydroxide

acidity regulator

E526

Calcium hydroxide (acidity regulator)

firming agent

E527

Ammonium hydroxide

acidity regulator

E528

Magnesium hydroxide

acidity regulator

E529

Calcium oxide (acidity regulator)

improving agent

E530

Magnesium oxide (acidity regulator)

anti-caking agent

E535

Sodium ferrocyanide (acidity regulator)

anti-caking agent

E536

Potassium ferrocyanide

anti-caking agent

E537

Ferrous hexacyanomanganate

anti-caking agent

E538

Calcium ferrocyanide

anti-caking agent

E539

Sodium thiosulphate

antioxidant

E540

Dicalcium diphosphate (acidity regulator)

emulsifier

E541

Sodium aluminium phosphate (i) Acidic (ii) Basic

emulsifier

E542

Bone phosphate (Essentiale Calcium Phosphate, Tribasic)

anti-caking agent

E543

Calcium sodium polyphosphate

emulsifier

E544

Calcium polyphosphate

emulsifier

E545

Ammonium polyphosphate

emulsifier

E550

Sodium Silicates (i) Sodium silicate (ii) Sodium metasilicate

anti-caking agent

E551

Silicon dioxide (Silica)

anti-caking agent

E552

Calcium silicate

anti-caking agent

E553a

(i) Magnesium silicate (ii) Magnesium trisilicate

anti-caking agent

E553b

Talc

anti-caking agent

E554

Sodium aluminosilicate (sodium aluminium silicate)

anti-caking agent

E555

Potassium aluminium silicate

anti-caking agent

E556

Calcium aluminosilicate (calcium aluminium silicate)

anti-caking agent

E557

Zinc silicate

anti-caking agent

E558

Bentonite

anti-caking agent

E559

Aluminium silicate (Kaolin)

anti-caking agent

E560

Potassium silicate

anti-caking agent

E561

Vermiculite


E562

Sepiolite


E563

Sepiolitic clay


E565

4-Hexylresorcinol


E566

Natrolite-phonolite


E570

Stearic acid (Fatty acid)

anti-caking agent

E572

Magnesium stearate, calcium stearate (emulsifier)

anti-caking agent

E574

Gluconic acid

acidity regulator

E575

Glucono delta-lactone (acidity regulator)

sequestrant

E576

Sodium gluconate

sequestrant

E577

Potassium gluconate

sequestrant

E578

Calcium gluconate

firming agent

E579

Ferrous gluconate

food colouring

E580

Magnesium gluconate


E585

Ferrous lactate

food colouring

E586

4-Hexylresorcinol

antioxidant

E598

Synthetic calcium aluminates


E599

Perlite


E600–E699 (flavour enhancers)

Code

Name(s)

Purpose

E620

Glutamic acid

flavour enhancer

E621

Monosodium glutamate (MSG)

flavour enhancer

E622

Monopotassium glutamate

flavour enhancer

E623

Calcium diglutamate

flavour enhancer

E624

Monoammonium glutamate

flavour enhancer

E625

Magnesium diglutamate

flavour enhancer

E626

Guanylic acid

flavour enhancer

E627

Disodium guanylate, sodium guanylate

flavour enhancer

E628

Dipotassium guanylate

flavour enhancer

E629

Calcium guanylate

flavour enhancer

E630

Inosinic acid

flavour enhancer

E631

Disodium inosinate

flavour enhancer

E632

Dipotassium inosinate

flavour enhancer

E633

Calcium inosinate

flavour enhancer

E634

Calcium 5'-ribonucleotides

flavour enhancer

E635

Disodium 5'-ribonucleotides

flavour enhancer

E636

Maltol

flavour enhancer

E637

Ethyl maltol

flavour enhancer

E638

Sodium aspartate

flavour enhancer

E639

Alanine (DL-)

flavour enhancer

E640

Glycine and its sodium salt

flavour enhancer

E641

L-leucine

flavour enhancer

E642

Lysine hydrochloride

flavour enhancer

E650

Zinc acetate

flavour enhancer

E700–E799 (antibiotics)

Code

Name(s)

Purpose

E700

Bacitracin


E701

Tetracyclines


E702

Chlortetracycline


E703

Oxytetracycline


E704

Oleandomycin


E705

Penicillin-G-potassium


E706

Penicillin-G-sodium


E707

Penicillin-G-procaine


E708

Penicillin-G-benzathyne


E710

Spiramycins


E711

Virginiamicins


E712

Flavophospholipol


E713

Tylosin


E714

Monensin


E715

Avoparcin


E716

Salinomycin


E717

Avilamycin


E900–E999 (miscellaneous)

Code

Name(s)

Purpose

E900

Dimethyl polysiloxane (anti-foaming agent)

anti-caking agent

E901

Beeswax, white and yellow

glazing agent

E902

Candelilla wax

glazing agent

E903

Carnauba wax

glazing agent

E904

Shellac

glazing agent

E905

Paraffins


E905a

Mineral oil

anti-foaming agent

E905b

Petrolatum


E905c

Petroleum wax (i)Microcrystalline wax (ii) Paraffin wax

glazing agent

E906

Gum benzoic

flavour enhancer

E907

Crystalline wax

glazing agent

E908

Rice bran wax

glazing agent

E909

Spermaceti wax

glazing agent

E910

Wax esters

glazing agent

E911

Methyl esters of fatty acids

glazing agent

E912

Montanic acid esters, Montan acid esters

glazing agent

E913

Lanolin, sheep wool grease

glazing agent

E914

Oxidized polyethylene wax, oxidized polyethylene

glazing agent

E915

Esters of colophony

glazing agent

E916

Calcium iodate


E917

Potassium iodate


E918

Nitrogen oxides


E919

Nitrosyl chloride


E920

L-cysteine

improving agent

E921

L-cystine

improving agent

E922

Potassium persulphate

improving agent

E923

Ammonium persulphate

improving agent

E924

Potassium bromate

improving agent

E924b

Calcium bromate

improving agent

E925

Chlorine

preservative, bleach, improving agent

E926

Chlorine dioxide (preservative)

bleach

E927a

Azodicarbonamide

improving agent

E927b

Carbamide (urea)

improving agent

E928

Benzoyl peroxide (improving agent)

bleach

E929

Acetone peroxide


E930

Calcium peroxide (improving agent)

bleach

E938

Argon

packaging gas

E939

Helium

packaging gas

E940

Dichlorodifluoromethane

packaging gas

E941

Nitrogen (packaging gas)

propellant

E942

Nitrous oxide

propellant

E943a

Butane

propellant

E943b

Isobutane

propellant

E944

Propane

propellant

E945

Chloropentafluoroethane

propellant

E946

Octafluorocyclobutane

propellant

E948

Oxygen

packaging gas

E949

Hydrogen

packaging gas

E950

Acesulfame potassium

sweetener

E951

Aspartame

sweetener

E952

Cyclamic acid and its sodium and calcium salts, also known as Cyclamate

sweetener

E953

Isomalt, Isomaltitol

sweetener

E954

Saccharin and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts

sweetener

E955

Sucralose (Trichlorogalactosucrose)

sweetener

E956

Alitame

sweetener

E957

Thaumatin (sweetener)

flavour enhancer

E958

Glycyrrhizin (sweetener)

flavour enhancer

E959

Neohesperidine dihydrochalcone (sweetener)

flavour enhancer

E960

Steviol glycosides

sweetener

E961

Neotame

sweetener

E962

Aspartame-acesulfame salt (sweetener)

stabiliser

E965

Maltitol (i) Maltitol (ii) Maltitol syrup (sweetener) (stabiliser)

humectant

E966

Lactitol

sweetener

E967

Xylitol

sweetener

E968

Erythritol

humectant

E999

Quillaia extract

foaming agent

E1000–E1599 (additional chemicals)

Code

Name(s)

Purpose

E1000

Cholic acid

emulsifier

E1001

Choline salts

emulsifier

E1100

Amylase

stabiliser, flavour enhancer

E1101

Proteases ((i)Protease, (ii)Papain, (iii)Bromelain, (iv)Ficin)

stabiliser, flavour enhancer

E1102

Glucose oxidase

antioxidant

E1103

Invertase

stabiliser

E1104

Lipases


E1105

Lysozyme

preservative

E1200

Polydextrose

stabiliser, thickening agent, humectant, carrier

E1201

Polyvinylpyrrolidone

stabiliser

E1202

Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone (carrier)

stabiliser

E1203

Polyvinyl alcohol


E1204

Pullulan


E1400

Dextrin (Dextrins, roasted starch white and yellow) (stabiliser)

thickening agent

E1401

Modified starch ((Acid-treated starch) stabiliser)

thickening agent

E1402

Alkaline modified starch (stabiliser)

thickening agent

E1403

Bleached starch (stabiliser)

thickening agent

E1404

Oxidized starch (emulsifier)

thickening agent

E1405

Enzyme treated starch


E1410

Monostarch phosphate (stabiliser)

thickening agent

E1411

Distarch glycerol (thickening agent)

emulsifier

E1412

Distarch phosphate esterified with sodium trimetasphosphate; esterified with phosphorus oxychloride (stabiliser)

thickening agent

E1413

Phosphated distarch phosphate (stabiliser)

thickening agent

E1414

Acetylated distarch phosphate (emulsifier)

thickening agent

E1420

Starch acetate esterified with acetic anhydride (stabiliser)

thickening agent

E1421

Starch acetate esterified with vinyl acetate (stabiliser)

thickening agent

E1422

Acetylated Distarch Adipate (stabiliser)

thickening agent

E1423

Acetylated distarch glycerol

thickening agent

E1430

Distarch glycerine (stabiliser)

thickening agent

E1440

Hydroxy propyl starch (emulsifier)

thickening agent

E1441

Hydroxy propyl distarch glycerine (stabiliser)

thickening agent

E1442

Hydroxy propyl distarch phosphate (stabiliser)

thickening agent

E1443

Hydroxy propyl distarch glycerol


E1450

Starch sodium octenyl succinate (emulsifier) (stabiliser)

thickening agent

E1451

Acetylated oxidised starch (emulsifier)

thickening agent

E1452

Starch aluminium octenyl succinate


E1501

Benzylated hydrocarbons


E1502

Butane-1, 3-diol


E1503

Castor oil

resolving agent

E1504

Ethyl acetate

flavour solvent

E1505

Triethyl citrate

foam stabiliser

E1510

Ethanol


E1516

Glyceryl monoacetate

flavour solvent

E1517

Glyceryl diacetate or diacetin

flavour solvent

E1518

Glyceryl triacetate or triacetin

humectant

E1519

Benzyl alcohol


E1520

Propylene glycol

humectant

E1521

Polyethylene glycol 8000


E1525

Hydroxyethyl cellulose

thickening agent


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This page (additives.html) was last modified on Sunday 27/01/2013