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The Project Gutenberg EBook of The History Of The Decline And Fall Of The
Roman Empire, by Edward Gibbon

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Title: The History Of The Decline And Fall Of The Roman Empire
       Table of Contents with links in the HTML file to the two
              Project Gutenberg editions (12 volumes)

Author: Edward Gibbon

Commentator: Rev. H. H. Milman

Editor: David Widger

Release Date: June 7, 2008 [EBook #25717]

Language: English

Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1

*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK DECLINE AND FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE ***




Produced by David Widger





HISTORY OF THE DECLINE AND FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE

Edward Gibbon, Esq.

With notes by the Rev. H. H. Milman

Complete Contents

1782 (Written), 1845 (Revised)


The 1996 Project Gutenberg Edition
Table of Contents for Ebooks 731-736

HTML file in the ASCII character set, and includes all the original footnotes now linked to the text.

The 1997 Project Gutenberg Edition
Table of Contents for Ebooks 890-895

HTML file in the LATIN-1 character set, but the first five volumes do not have footnotes.



There are two Project Gutenberg sets produced by David Reed of the complete "History Of The Decline And Fall Of The Roman Empire" by Edward Gibbon: the 1996 ASCII text only edition (PG #731-736) has the advantage of including all the foonotes by Gibbin and others; the 1997 edition (PG #890-895)in the Latin-1 character set was provided at that time only in html format and footnotes were not included in the first five volumes of this set.

Both of these sets have been recently completely reproofed with correction of several thousand errors. An html and text format have been provided for both sets. The HTML version of the earlier set has approximately 6000 linked footnotes. Over 1000 linked footnotes were prepared for the last volume of the latter set in this updated edition.

Consideration was given to combining these two sets into one, however there are advantages and disadvantages to each and it was decided to keep both.

     David Reed's note in the original Project Gutenberg 1997 edition:

     I want to make this the best etext edition possible for both scholars
     and the general public and would like to thank those who have helped
     in making this text better. Especially Dale R. Fredrickson who has hand
     entered the Greek characters in the footnotes and who has suggested
     retaining the conjoined ae character in the text.

A set in my library of the first original First American Edition of 1836 was used as a reference for the many questions which came up during the re-proofing and renovation of the 1996 and 1997 Project Gutenberg editions. Images of spines, front-leaf, frontispiece, and the titlepage of the 1836 set are inserted below along with the two large fold out maps.

DAVID WIDGER
For Project Gutenberg

spines2 (138K)


inside (130K)


portrait (157K)


titlepage (41K)

MAPS OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE

Western Empire

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West-SW-thumb (26K)
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West-NE-thumb (33K)

Full Size     Original Archive
West-SE-thumb (41K)


Eastern Empire

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East-NW-thumb (30K)   

Full Size     Original Archive
East-SW-thumb (26K)
Full Size     Original Archive
East-NE-thumb (33K)

Full Size     Original Archive
East-SE-thumb (41K)





1996 Project Gutenberg Edition

Table of Contents for Ebooks 731-736

ABREVIATED       DETAILED





ABREVIATED CONTENTS

VOLUME ONE

Introduction

Preface By The Editor, Author and To the First and Fourth Volumes.

Chapter I: The Extent Of The Empire In The Age Of The Antonines—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.
Chapter II: The Internal Prosperity In The Age Of The Antonines.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.
Chapter III: The Constitution In The Age Of The Antonines.—Part I.    Part II.   
Chapter IV: The Cruelty, Follies And Murder Of Commodus.—Part I.    Part II.   
Chapter V: Sale Of The Empire To Didius Julianus.—Part I.    Part II.   
Chapter VI: Death Of Severus, Tyranny Of Caracalla, Usurpation Of Marcinus.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.   
Chapter VII: Tyranny Of Maximin, Rebellion, Civil Wars, Death Of Maximin.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.   
Chapter VIII: State Of Persion And Restoration Of The Monarchy.—Part I.    Part II.   
Chapter IX: State Of Germany Until The Barbarians.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.   
Chapter X: Emperors Decius, Gallus, Aemilianus, Valerian And Gallienus—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.   
Chapter XI: Reign Of Claudius, Defeat Of The Goths.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.   
Chapter XII: Reigns Of Tacitus, Probus, Carus And His Sons.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.   
Chapter XIII: Reign Of Diocletian And This Three Associates.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.   
Chapter XIV: Six Emperors At The Same Time, Reunion Of The Empire.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.   
Chapter XV: Progress Of The Christian Religion.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.    Part VI.    Part VII    Part VIII.    Part IX.   

VOLUME TWO

VOLUME THREE

VOLUME FOUR

VOLUME FIVE

VOLUME SIX






DETAILED CONTENTS

VOLUME ONE

Introduction

Preface By The Editor, Author and To the First and Fourth Volumes.

Chapter I: The Extent Of The Empire In The Age Of The Antonines—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.
     The Extent And Military Force Of The Empire In The Age Of
     The Antonines.

Chapter II: The Internal Prosperity In The Age Of The Antonines.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.
     Of The Union And Internal Prosperity Of The Roman Empire, In
     The Age Of The Antonines.

Chapter III: The Constitution In The Age Of The Antonines.—Part I.    Part II.   
     Of The Constitution Of The Roman Empire, In The Age Of The
     Antonines.

Chapter IV: The Cruelty, Follies And Murder Of Commodus.—Part I.    Part II.   
     The Cruelty, Follies, And Murder Of Commodus—Election Of
     Pertinax—His Attempts To Reform The State—His
     Assassination By The Praetorian Guards.

Chapter V: Sale Of The Empire To Didius Julianus.—Part I.    Part II.   
     Public Sale Of The Empire To Didius Julianus By The
     Praetorian Guards—Clodius Albinus In Britain, Pescennius
     Niger In Syria, And Septimius Severus In Pannonia, Declare
     Against The Murderers Of Pertinax—Civil Wars And Victory Of
     Severus Over His Three Rivals—Relaxation Of Discipline—New
     Maxims Of Government.

Chapter VI: Death Of Severus, Tyranny Of Caracalla, Usurpation Of Marcinus.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.   
     The Death Of Severus.—Tyranny Of Caracalla.—Usurpation
     Of Macrinus.—Follies Of Elagabalus.—Virtues Of Alexander
     Severus.—Licentiousness Of The Army.—General State Of
     The Roman Finances.

Chapter VII: Tyranny Of Maximin, Rebellion, Civil Wars, Death Of Maximin.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.   
     The Elevation And Tyranny Of Maximin.—Rebellion In Africa
     And Italy, Under The Authority Of The Senate.—Civil Wars
     And Seditions.—Violent Deaths Of Maximin And His Son, Of
     Maximus And Balbinus, And Of The Three Gordians.—
     Usurpation And Secular Games Of Philip.

Chapter VIII: State Of Persion And Restoration Of The Monarchy.—Part I.    Part II.   
     Of The State Of Persia After The Restoration Of The Monarchy
     By Artaxerxes.

Chapter IX: State Of Germany Until The Barbarians.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.   
     The State Of Germany Till The Invasion Of The Barbarians In
     The Time Of The Emperor Decius.

Chapter X: Emperors Decius, Gallus, Aemilianus, Valerian And Gallienus—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.   
     The Emperors Decius, Gallus, Aemilianus, Valerian, And
     Gallienus.—The General Irruption Of The Barbari Ans.—The
     Thirty Tyrants.

Chapter XI: Reign Of Claudius, Defeat Of The Goths.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.   
     Reign Of Claudius.—Defeat Of The Goths.—Victories,
     Triumph, And Death Of Aurelian.

Chapter XII: Reigns Of Tacitus, Probus, Carus And His Sons.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.   
     Conduct Of The Army And Senate After The Death Of Aurelian.
     —Reigns Of Tacitus, Probus, Carus, And His Sons.

Chapter XIII: Reign Of Diocletian And This Three Associates.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.   
     The Reign Of Diocletian And His Three Associates, Maximian,
     Galerius, And Constantius.—General Reestablishment Of
     Order And Tranquillity.—The Persian War, Victory, And
     Triumph.—The New Form Of Administration.—Abdication And
     Retirement Of Diocletian And Maximian.

Chapter XIV: Six Emperors At The Same Time, Reunion Of The Empire.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.   
     Troubles After The Abdication Of Diocletian.—Death Of
     Constantius.—Elevation Of Constantine And Maxen Tius.—
     Six Emperors At The Same Time.—Death Of Maximian And
     Galerius.—Victories Of Constantine Over Maxentius And
     Licinus.—Reunion Of The Empire Under The Authority Of
     Constantine.

Chapter XV: Progress Of The Christian Religion.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.    Part VI.    Part VII    Part VIII.    Part IX.   
     The Progress Of The Christian Religion, And The Sentiments,
     Manners, Numbers, And Condition Of The Primitive Christians.





VOLUME TWO

Chapter XVI: Conduct Towards The Christians, From Nero To Constantine.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.    Part VI.    Part VII.    Part VIII.
     The Conduct Of The Roman Government Towards The Christians,
     From The Reign Of Nero To That Of Constantine.

Chapter XVII: Foundation Of Constantinople.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.    Part VI.
     Foundation Of Constantinople.—Political System Constantine,
     And His Successors.—Military Discipline.—The Palace.—The
     Finances.

Chapter XVIII: Character Of Constantine And His Sons.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.
     Character Of Constantine.—Gothic War.—Death Of
     Constantine.—Division Of The Empire Among His Three Sons.—
     Persian War.—Tragic Deaths Of Constantine The Younger And
     Constans.—Usurpation Of Magnentius.—Civil War.—Victory Of
     Constantius.

Chapter XIX: Constantius Sole Emperor.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.
     Constantius Sole Emperor.—Elevation And Death Of Gallus.—
     Danger And Elevation Of Julian.—Sarmatian And Persian
     Wars.—Victories Of Julian In Gaul.

Chapter XX: Conversion Of Constantine.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.   
     The Motives, Progress, And Effects Of The Conversion Of
     Constantine.—Legal Establishment And Constitution Of The
     Christian Or Catholic Church.

Chapter XXI: Persecution Of Heresy, State Of The Church.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.    Part VI.    Part VII.   
     Persecution Of Heresy.—The Schism Of The Donatists.—The
     Arian Controversy.—Athanasius.—Distracted State Of The
     Church And Empire Under Constantine And His Sons.—
     Toleration Of Paganism.

Chapter XXII: Julian Declared Emperor.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.   
     Julian Is Declared Emperor By The Legions Of Gaul.—His
     March And Success.—The Death Of Constantius.—Civil
     Administration Of Julian.

Chapter XXIII: Reign Of Julian.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.   
     The Religion Of Julian.—Universal Toleration.—He Attempts
     To Restore And Reform The Pagan Worship—To Rebuild The
     Temple Of Jerusalem—His Artful Persecution Of The
     Christians.—Mutual Zeal And Injustice.

Chapter XXIV: The Retreat And Death Of Julian.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.   
     Residence Of Julian At Antioch.—His Successful Expedition
     Against The Persians.—Passage Of The Tigris—The Retreat
     And Death Of Julian.—Election Of Jovian.—He Saves The
     Roman Army By A Disgraceful Treaty.

Chapter XXV: Reigns Of Jovian And Valentinian, Division Of The Empire.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.    Part VI.    Part VII.   
     The Government And Death Of Jovian.—Election Of
     Valentinian, Who Associates His Brother Valens, And Makes
     The Final Division Of The Eastern And Western Empires.—
     Revolt Of Procopius.—Civil And Ecclesiastical
     Administration.—Germany. —Britain.—Africa.—The East.—
     The Danube.—Death Of Valentinian.—His Two Sons, Gratian
     And Valentinian II., Succeed To The Western Empire.

Chapter XXVI: Progress of The Huns.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.   
     Manners Of The Pastoral Nations.—Progress Of The Huns, From
     China To Europe.—Flight Of The Goths.—They Pass The
     Danube.—Gothic War.—Defeat And Death Of Valens.—Gratian
     Invests Theodosius With The Eastern Empire.—His Character
     And Success.—Peace And Settlement Of The Goths.






VOLUME THREE

Chapter XXVII: Civil Wars, Reign Of Theodosius.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.   
     Death Of Gratian.—Ruin Of Arianism.—St. Ambrose.—First
     Civil War, Against Maximus.—Character, Administration, And
     Penance Of Theodosius.—Death Of Valentinian II.—Second
     Civil War, Against Eugenius.—Death Of Theodosius.

Chapter XXVIII: Destruction Of Paganism.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.   
     Final Destruction Of Paganism.—Introduction Of The Worship
     Of Saints, And Relics, Among The Christians.

Chapter XXIX: Division Of Roman Empire Between Sons Of Theodosius.—Part I.    Part II.   
     Final Division Of The Roman Empire Between The Sons Of
     Theodosius.—Reign Of Arcadius And Honorius—Administration
     Of Rufinus And Stilicho.—Revolt And Defeat Of Gildo In
     Africa.

Chapter XXX: Revolt Of The Goths.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.  
     Revolt Of The Goths.—They Plunder Greece.—Two Great
     Invasions Of Italy By Alaric And Radagaisus.—They Are
     Repulsed By Stilicho.—The Germans Overrun Gaul.—Usurpation
     Of Constantine In The West.—Disgrace And Death Of Stilicho.

Chapter XXXI: Invasion Of Italy, Occupation Of Territories By Barbarians.—Part I.    Part II.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.    Part VI.   
     Invasion Of Italy By Alaric.—Manners Of The Roman Senate
     And People.—Rome Is Thrice Besieged, And At Length
     Pillaged, By The Goths.—Death Of Alaric.—The Goths
     Evacuate Italy.—Fall Of Constantine.—Gaul And Spain Are
     Occupied By The Barbarians. —Independence Of Britain.

Chapter XXXII: Emperors Arcadius, Eutropius, Theodosius II.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.   
     Arcadius Emperor Of The East.—Administration And Disgrace
     Of Eutropius.—Revolt Of Gainas.—Persecution Of St. John
     Chrysostom.—Theodosius II. Emperor Of The East.—His Sister
     Pulcheria.—His Wife Eudocia.—The Persian War, And Division
     Of Armenia.

Chapter XXXIII: Conquest Of Africa By The Vandals.—Part I.    Part II.   
     Death Of Honorius.—Valentinian III.—Emperor Of The East.
     —Administration Of His Mother Placidia—Aetius And
     Boniface.—Conquest Of Africa By The Vandals.

Chapter XXXIV: Attila.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.   
     The Character, Conquests, And Court Of Attila, King Of The
     Huns.—Death Of Theodosius The Younger.—Elevation Of
     Marcian To The Empire Of The East.

Chapter XXXV: Invasion By Attila.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.   
     Invasion Of Gaul By Attila.—He Is Repulsed By Aetius And
     The Visigoths.—Attila Invades And Evacuates Italy.—The
     Deaths Of Attila, Aetius, And Valentinian The Third.

Chapter XXXVI: Total Extinction Of The Western Empire.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.   
     Sack Of Rome By Genseric, King Of The Vandals.—His Naval
     Depredations.—Succession Of The Last Emperors Of The West,
     Maximus, Avitus, Majorian, Severus, Anthemius, Olybrius,
     Glycerius, Nepos, Augustulus.—Total Extinction Of The
     Western Empire.—Reign Of Odoacer, The First Barbarian King
     Of Italy.

Chapter XXXVII: Conversion Of The Barbarians To Christianity.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.   
     Origin Progress, And Effects Of The Monastic Life.—
     Conversion Of The Barbarians To Christianity And Arianism.—
     Persecution Of The Vandals In Africa.—Extinction Of
     Arianism Among The Barbarians.

Chapter XXXVIII: Reign Of Clovis.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.    Part VI.   
     Reign And Conversion Of Clovis.—His Victories Over The
     Alemanni, Burgundians, And Visigoths.—Establishment Of The
     French Monarchy In Gaul.—Laws Of The Barbarians.—State Of
     The Romans.—The Visigoths Of Spain.—Conquest Of Britain By
     The Saxons.





VOLUME FOUR

Chapter XXXIX: Gothic Kingdom Of Italy.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.   
     Zeno And Anastasius, Emperors Of The East.—Birth,
     Education, And First Exploits Of Theodoric The Ostrogoth.—
     His Invasion And Conquest Of Italy.—The Gothic Kingdom Of
     Italy.—State Of The West.—Military And Civil Government.—
     The Senator Boethius.—Last Acts And Death Of Theodoric.

Chapter XL: Reign Of Justinian.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.   
     Elevation Of Justin The Elder.—Reign Of Justinian.—I. The
     Empress Theodora.—II.  Factions Of The Circus, And Sedition
     Of Constantinople.—III.  Trade And Manufacture Of Silk.—
     IV. Finances And Taxes.—V. Edifices Of Justinian.—Church
     Of St. Sophia.—Fortifications And Frontiers Of The Eastern
     Empire.—Abolition Of The Schools Of Athens, And The
     Consulship Of Rome.

Chapter XLI: Conquests Of Justinian, Charact Of Balisarius.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.   
     Conquests Of Justinian In The West.—Character And First
     Campaigns Of Belisarius—He Invades And Subdues The Vandal
     Kingdom Of Africa—His Triumph.—The Gothic War.—He
     Recovers Sicily, Naples, And Rome.—Siege Of Rome By The
     Goths.—Their Retreat And Losses.—Surrender Of Ravenna.—
     Glory Of Belisarius.—His Domestic Shame And Misfortunes.

Chapter XLII: State Of The Barbaric World.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.   
     State Of The Barbaric World.—Establishment Of The Lombards
     On the Danube.—Tribes And Inroads Of The Sclavonians.—
     Origin, Empire, And Embassies Of The Turks.—The Flight Of
     The Avars.—Chosroes I, Or Nushirvan, King Of Persia.—His
     Prosperous Reign And Wars With The Romans.—The Colchian Or
     Lazic War.—The Aethiopians.

Chapter XLIII: Last Victory And Death Of Belisarius, Death Of Justinian.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.   
     Rebellions Of Africa.—Restoration Of The Gothic Kingdom By
     Totila.—Loss And Recovery Of Rome.—Final Conquest Of Italy
     By Narses.—Extinction Of The Ostrogoths.—Defeat Of The
     Franks And Alemanni.—Last Victory, Disgrace, And Death Of
     Belisarius.—Death And Character Of Justinian.—Comet,
     Earthquakes, And Plague.

Chapter XLIV: Idea Of The Roman Jurisprudence.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.    Part VI.    Part VII.    Part VIII.   
     Idea Of The Roman Jurisprudence.—The Laws Of The Kings—The
     Twelve Of The Decemvirs.—The Laws Of The People.—The
     Decrees Of The Senate.—The Edicts Of The Magistrates And
     Emperors—Authority Of The Civilians.—Code, Pandects,
     Novels, And Institutes Of Justinian:—I.  Rights Of
     Persons.—II. Rights Of Things.—III.  Private Injuries And
     Actions.—IV. Crimes And Punishments.

Chapter XLV: State Of Italy Under The Lombards.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.   
     Reign Of The Younger Justin.—Embassy Of The Avars.—Their
     Settlement On The Danube.—Conquest Of Italy By The
     Lombards.—Adoption And Reign Of Tiberius.—Of Maurice.—
     State Of Italy Under The Lombards And The Exarchs.—Of
     Ravenna.—Distress Of Rome.—Character And Pontificate Of
     Gregory The First.

Chapter XLVI: Troubles In Persia.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.   
     Revolutions On Persia After The Death Of Chosroes On
     Nushirvan.—His Son Hormouz, A Tyrant, Is Deposed.—
     Usurpation Of Baharam.—Flight And Restoration Of Chosroes
     II.—His Gratitude To The Romans.—The Chagan Of The Avars.—
     Revolt Of The Army Against Maurice.—His Death.—Tyranny Of
     Phocas.—Elevation Of Heraclius.—The Persian War.—Chosroes
     Subdues Syria, Egypt, And Asia Minor.—Siege Of
     Constantinople By The Persians And Avars.—Persian
     Expeditions.—Victories And Triumph Of Heraclius.

Chapter XLVII: Ecclesiastical Discord.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.    Part VI.   
     Theological History Of The Doctrine Of The Incarnation.—The
     Human And Divine Nature Of Christ.—Enmity Of The Patriarchs
     Of Alexandria And Constantinople.—St. Cyril And Nestorius.
     —Third General Council Of Ephesus.—Heresy Of Eutyches.—
     Fourth General Council Of Chalcedon.—Civil And
     Ecclesiastical Discord.—Intolerance Of Justinian.—The
     Three Chapters.—The Monothelite Controversy.—State Of The
     Oriental Sects:—I.  The Nestorians.—II.  The Jacobites.—
     III.  The Maronites.—IV. The Armenians.—V.  The Copts And
     Abyssinians.

Chapter XLVIII: Succession And Characters Of The Greek Emperors.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.   
     Plan Of The Two Last Volumes.—Succession And Characters Of
     The Greek Emperors Of Constantinople, From The Time Of
     Heraclius To The Latin Conquest.






VOLUME FIVE

Chapter XLIX: Conquest Of Italy By The Franks.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.    Part VI.   
     Introduction, Worship, And Persecution Of Images.—Revolt Of
     Italy And Rome.—Temporal Dominion Of The Popes.—Conquest
     Of Italy By The Franks.—Establishment Of Images.—Character
     And Coronation Of Charlemagne.—Restoration And Decay Of The
     Roman Empire In The West.—Independence Of Italy.—
     Constitution Of The Germanic Body.

Chapter L: Description Of Arabia And Its Inhabitants.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.    Part VI.    Part VII.    Part VIII.   
     Description Of Arabia And Its Inhabitants.—Birth,
     Character, And Doctrine Of Mahomet.—He Preaches At Mecca.—
     Flies To Medina.—Propagates His Religion By The Sword.—
     Voluntary Or Reluctant Submission Of The Arabs.—His Death
     And Successors.—The Claims And Fortunes Of All And His
     Descendants.

Chapter LI: Conquests By The Arabs.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.    Part VI.    Part VII.   
     The Conquest Of Persia, Syria, Egypt, Africa, And Spain, By
     The Arabs Or Saracens.—Empire Of The Caliphs, Or Successors
     Of Mahomet.—State Of The Christians, &c., Under Their
     Government.

Chapter LII: More Conquests By The Arabs.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.   
     The Two Sieges Of Constantinople By The Arabs.—Their
     Invasion Of France, And Defeat By Charles Martel.—Civil War
     Of The Ommiades And Abbassides.—Learning Of The Arabs.—
     Luxury Of The Caliphs.—Naval Enterprises On Crete, Sicily,
     And Rome.—Decay And Division Of The Empire Of The Caliphs.
     —Defeats And Victories Of The Greek Emperors.

Chapter LIII: Fate Of The Eastern Empire.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.   
     Fate Of The Eastern Empire In The Tenth Century.—Extent And
     Division.—Wealth And Revenue.—Palace Of Constantinople.—
     Titles And Offices.—Pride And Power Of The Emperors.—
     Tactics Of The Greeks, Arabs, And Franks.—Loss Of The Latin
     Tongue.—Studies And Solitude Of The Greeks.

Chapter LIV: Origin And Doctrine Of The Paulicians.—Part I.    Part II.   
     Origin And Doctrine Of The Paulicians.—Their Persecution By
     The Greek Emperors.—Revolt In Armenia &c.—Transplantation
     Into Thrace.—Propagation In The West.—The Seeds,
     Character, And Consequences Of The Reformation.

Chapter LV: The Bulgarians, The Hungarians And The Russians.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.   
     The Bulgarians.—Origin, Migrations, And Settlement Of The
     Hungarians.—Their Inroads In The East And West.—The
     Monarchy Of Russia.—Geography And Trade.—Wars Of The
     Russians Against The Greek Empire.—Conversion Of The
     Barbarians.

Chapter LVI: The Saracens, The Franks And The Normans.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.   
     The Saracens, Franks, And Greeks, In Italy.—First
     Adventures And Settlement Of The Normans.—Character And
     Conquest Of Robert Guiscard, Duke Of Apulia—Deliverance Of
     Sicily By His Brother Roger.—Victories Of Robert Over The
     Emperors Of The East And West.—Roger, King Of Sicily,
     Invades Africa And Greece.—The Emperor Manuel Comnenus.—
     Wars Of The Greeks And Normans.—Extinction Of The Normans.

Chapter LVII: The Turks.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.   
     The Turks Of The House Of Seljuk.—Their Revolt Against
     Mahmud Conqueror Of Hindostan.—Togrul Subdues Persia, And
     Protects The Caliphs.—Defeat And Captivity Of The Emperor
     Romanus Diogenes By Alp Arslan.—Power And Magnificence Of
     Malek Shah.—Conquest Of Asia Minor And Syria.—State And
     Oppression Of Jerusalem.—Pilgrimages To The Holy Sepulchre.

Chapter LVIII: The First Crusade.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.   
     Origin And Numbers Of The First Crusade.—Characters Of The Latin
     Princes.—Their March To Constantinople.—Policy Of The Greek
     Emperor Alexius.—Conquest Of Nice, Antioch, And Jerusalem, By The
     Franks.—Deliverance Of The Holy Sepulchre.— Godfrey Of Bouillon,
     First King Of Jerusalem.—Institutions Of The French Or Latin Kingdom.






VOLUME SIX

Chapter LIX: The Crusades.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.
     Preservation Of The Greek Empire.—Numbers, Passage, And
     Event, Of The Second And Third Crusades.—St. Bernard.—
     Reign Of Saladin In Egypt And Syria.—His Conquest Of
     Jerusalem.—Naval Crusades.—Richard The First Of England.—
     Pope Innocent The Third; And The Fourth And Fifth Crusades.—
     The Emperor Frederic The Second.—Louis The Ninth Of
     France; And The Two Last Crusades.—Expulsion Of The Latins
     Or Franks By The Mamelukes.


Chapter LX: The Fourth Crusade.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.
     Schism Of The Greeks And Latins.—State Of Constantinople.—
     Revolt Of The Bulgarians.—Isaac Angelus Dethroned By His
     Brother Alexius.—Origin Of The Fourth Crusade.—Alliance Of
     The French And Venetians With The Son Of Isaac.—Their Naval
     Expedition To Constantinople.—The Two Sieges And Final
     Conquest Of The City By The Latins.


Chapter LXI: Partition Of The Empire By The French And Venetians.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.
     Partition Of The Empire By The French And Venetians,—Five
     Latin Emperors Of The Houses Of Flanders And Courtenay.—
     Their Wars Against The Bulgarians And Greeks.—Weakness And
     Poverty Of The Latin Empire.—Recovery Of Constantinople By
     The Greeks.—General Consequences Of The Crusades.


Chapter LXII: Greek Emperors Of Nice And Constantinople.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.
     The Greek Emperors Of Nice And Constantinople.—Elevation
     And Reign Of Michael Palæologus.—His False Union With The
     Pope And The Latin Church.—Hostile Designs Of Charles Of
     Anjou.—Revolt Of Sicily.—War Of The Catalans In Asia And
     Greece.—Revolutions And Present State Of Athens.


Chapter LXIII: Civil Wars And The Ruin Of The Greek Empire.—Part I.    Part II.
     Civil Wars, And Ruin Of The Greek Empire.—Reigns Of
     Andronicus, The Elder And Younger, And John Palæologus.—
     Regency, Revolt, Reign, And Abdication Of John Cantacuzene.—
     Establishment Of A Genoese Colony At Pera Or Galata.—Their
     Wars With The Empire And City Of Constantinople.


Chapter LXIV: Moguls, Ottoman Turks.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.
     Conquests Of Zingis Khan And The Moguls From China To
     Poland.—Escape Of Constantinople And The Greeks.—Origin Of
     The Ottoman Turks In Bithynia.—Reigns And Victories Of
     Othman, Orchan, Amurath The First, And Bajazet The First.—
     Foundation And Progress Of The Turkish Monarchy In Asia And
     Europe.—Danger Of Constantinople And The Greek Empire.


Chapter LXV: Elevation Of Timour Or Tamerlane, And His Death.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.
     Elevation Of Timour Or Tamerlane To The Throne Of
     Samarcand.—His Conquests In Persia, Georgia, Tartary
     Russia, India, Syria, And Anatolia.—His Turkish War.—
     Defeat And Captivity Of Bajazet.—Death Of Timour.—Civil
     War Of The Sons Of Bajazet.—Restoration Of The Turkish
     Monarchy By Mahomet The First.—Siege Of Constantinople By
     Amurath The Second.


Chapter LXVI: Union Of The Greek And Latin Churches.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.
     Applications Of The Eastern Emperors To The Popes.—Visits
     To The West, Of John The First, Manuel, And John The Second,
     Palæologus.—Union Of The Greek And Latin Churches, Promoted
     By The Council Of Basil, And Concluded At Ferrara And
     Florence.—State Of Literature At Constantinople.—Its
     Revival In Italy By The Greek Fugitives.—Curiosity And
     Emulation Of The Latins.


Chapter LXVII: Schism Of The Greeks And Latins.—Part I.    Part II.
     Schism Of The Greeks And Latins.—Reign And Character Of
     Amurath The Second.—Crusade Of Ladislaus, King Of Hungary.—
     His Defeat And Death.—John Huniades.—Scanderbeg.—
     Constantine Palæologus, Last Emperor Of The East.


Chapter LXVIII: Reign Of Mahomet The Second, Extinction Of Eastern Empire.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.
     Reign And Character Of Mahomet The Second.—Siege, Assault,
     And Final Conquest, Of Constantinople By The Turks.—Death
     Of Constantine Palæologus.—Servitude Of The Greeks.—
     Extinction Of The Roman Empire In The East.—Consternation
     Of Europe.—Conquests And Death Of Mahomet The Second.


Chapter LXIX: State Of Rome From The Twelfth Century.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.
     State Of Rome From The Twelfth Century.—Temporal Dominion
     Of The Popes.—Seditions Of The City.—Political Heresy Of
     Arnold Of Brescia.—Restoration Of The Republic.—The
     Senators.—Pride Of The Romans.—Their Wars.—They Are
     Deprived Of The Election And Presence Of The Popes, Who
     Retire To Avignon.—The Jubilee.—Noble Families Of Rome.—
     Feud Of The Colonna And Ursini.


Chapter LXX: Final Settlement Of The Ecclesiastical State.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.
     Character And Coronation Of Petrarch.—Restoration Of The
     Freedom And Government Of Rome By The Tribune Rienzi.—His
     Virtues And Vices, His Expulsion And Death.—Return Of The
     Popes From Avignon.—Great Schism Of The West.—Reunion Of
     The Latin Church.—Last Struggles Of Roman Liberty.—
     Statutes Of Rome.—Final Settlement Of The Ecclesiastical
     State.


Chapter LXXI: Prospect Of The Ruins Of Rome In The Fifteenth Century.—Part I.    Part II
     Prospect Of The Ruins Of Rome In The Fifteenth Century.—
     Four Causes Of Decay And Destruction.—Example Of The
     Coliseum.—Renovation Of The City.—Conclusion Of The Whole
     Work.






1997 Project Gutenberg Edition

Table of Contents for Ebooks 890-895

ABREVIATED     DETAILED





ABREVIATED CONTENTS:

VOLUME ONE

Introduction
Preface By The Editor
Preface Of The Author
Preface To The First Volume

Chapter I: The Extent Of The Empire In The Age Of The Antoninies.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.
Chapter II: The Internal Prosperity In The Age Of The Antonines.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.  
Chapter III: The Constitution In The Age Of The Antonines.—Part I.   Part II.
Chapter IV: The Cruelty, Follies And Murder Of Commodus.—Part I.   Part II.
Chapter V: Sale Of The Empire To Didius Julianus.—Part I.   Part II.
Chapter VI: Death Of Severus, Tyranny Of Caracalla, Usurpation Of Marcinus.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.  
Chapter VII: Tyranny Of Maximin, Rebellion, Civil Wars, Death Of Maximin.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.  
Chapter VIII: State Of Persion And Restoration Of The Monarchy.—Part I.   Part II.
Chapter IX: State Of Germany Until The Barbarians.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.
Chapter X: Emperors Decius, Gallus, Æmilianus, Valerian And Gallienus.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.
Chapter XI: Reign Of Claudius, Defeat Of The Goths.—Part I.  Part II.  Part III.
Chapter XII: Reigns Of Tacitus, Probus, Carus And His Sons.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.
Chapter XIII: Reign Of Diocletian And This Three Associates.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.
Chapter XIV: Six Emperors At The Same Time, Reunion Of The Empire.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.  
Chapter XV: Progress Of The Christian Religion.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.   Part V.   Part VI.   Part VII.   Part VIII.   Part IX.

VOLUME TWO

VOLUME THREE

VOLUME FOUR

VOLUME FIVE

VOLUME SIX






DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS

VOLUME ONE

Introduction
Preface By The Editor
Preface Of The Author
Preface To The First Volume

Chapter I: The Extent Of The Empire In The Age Of The Antoninies.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.
Introduction—The Extent And Military Force Of The Empire In
The Age Of The Antonines.

Chapter II: The Internal Prosperity In The Age Of The Antonines.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.  
Of The Union And Internal Prosperity Of The Roman Empire, In
The Age Of The Antonines.

Chapter III: The Constitution In The Age Of The Antonines.—Part I.   Part II.
Of The Constitution Of The Roman Empire, In The Age Of The
Antonines.

Chapter IV: The Cruelty, Follies And Murder Of Commodus.—Part I.   Part II.
The Cruelty, Follies, And Murder Of Commodus. Election Of
Pertinax—His Attempts To Reform The State—His Assassination
By The Prætorian Guards.

Chapter V: Sale Of The Empire To Didius Julianus.—Part I.   Part II.
Public Sale Of The Empire To Didius Julianus By The
Prætorian Guards—Clodius Albinus In Britain, Pescennius
Niger In Syria, And Septimius Severus In Pannonia, Declare
Against The Murderers Of Pertinax—Civil Wars And Victory Of
Severus Over His Three Rivals—Relaxation Of Discipline—New
Maxims Of Government.

Chapter VI: Death Of Severus, Tyranny Of Caracalla, Usurpation Of Marcinus.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.  
The Death Of Severus.—Tyranny Of Caracalla.—Usurpation
Of Macrinus.—Follies Of Elagabalus.—Virtues Of Alexander
Severus.—Licentiousness Of The Army.—General State Of The
Roman Finances.

Chapter VII: Tyranny Of Maximin, Rebellion, Civil Wars, Death Of Maximin.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.  
The Elevation And Tyranny Of Maximin.—Rebellion In Africa
And Italy, Under The Authority Of The Senate.—Civil Wars And
Seditions.—Violent Deaths Of Maximin And His Son, Of Maximus
And Balbinus, And Of The Three Gordians.—Usurpation And
Secular Games Of Philip.

Chapter VIII: State Of Persion And Restoration Of The Monarchy.—Part I.   Part II.
Of The State Of Persia After The Restoration Of The Monarchy
By Artaxerxes.

Chapter IX: State Of Germany Until The Barbarians.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.
The State Of Germany Till The Invasion Of The Barbarians In
The Time Of The Emperor Decius.

Chapter X: Emperors Decius, Gallus, Æmilianus, Valerian And Gallienus.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.
The Emperors Decius, Gallus, Æmilianus, Valerian, And
Gallienus.—The General Irruption Of The Barbari Ans.—The
Thirty Tyrants.

Chapter XI: Reign Of Claudius, Defeat Of The Goths.—Part I.  Part II.  Part III.
Reign Of Claudius.—Defeat Of The Goths.—Victories,
Triumph, And Death Of Aurelian.

Chapter XII: Reigns Of Tacitus, Probus, Carus And His Sons.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.
Conduct Of The Army And Senate After The Death Of Aurelian.—
Reigns Of Tacitus, Probus, Carus, And His Sons.

Chapter XIII: Reign Of Diocletian And This Three Associates.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.
The Reign Of Diocletian And His Three Associates, Maximian,
Galerius, And Constantius.—General Reestablishment Of Order
And Tranquillity.—The Persian War, Victory, And Triumph.—
The New Form Of Administration.—Abdication And Retirement Of
Diocletian And Maximian.

Chapter XIV: Six Emperors At The Same Time, Reunion Of The Empire.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.  
Troubles After The Abdication Of Diocletian.—Death Of
Constantius.—Elevation Of Constantine And Maxen Tius. ­
Six Emperors At The Same Time.—Death Of Maximian And Galerius.
—Victories Of Constantine Over Maxentius And Licinus.—
Reunion Of The Empire Under The Authority Of Constantine.

Chapter XV: Progress Of The Christian Religion.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.   Part V.   Part VI.   Part VII.   Part VIII.   Part IX.
The Progress Of The Christian Religion, And The Sentiments,
Manners, Numbers, And Condition Of The Primitive Christians.






VOLUME TWO

Chapter XVI—Conduct Towards The Christians, From Nero To Constantine.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.   Part V.   Part VI.   Part VII.   Part VIII.
The Conduct Of The Roman Government Towards The Christians,
From The Reign Of Nero To That Of Constantine.

Chapter XVII: Foundation Of Constantinople.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.   Part V.   Part VI.
Foundation Of Constantinople.—Political System Constantine,
And His Successors.—Military Discipline.—The Palace.—The
Finances.

Chapter XVIII: Character Of Constantine And His Sons.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.
Character Of Constantine.—Gothic War.—Death Of
Constantine.—Division Of The Empire Among His Three Sons.—
Persian War.—Tragic Deaths Of Constantine The Younger And
Constans.—Usurpation Of Magnentius.—Civil War.—Victory
Of Constantius.

Chapter XIX: Constantius Sole Emperor.—Part I.   PartII.   Part III.   Part IV.
Constantius Sole Emperor.—Elevation And Death Of Gallus.—
Danger And Elevation Of Julian.—Sarmatian And Persian Wars.—
Victories Of Julian In Gaul.

Chapter XX: Conversion Of Constantine.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   PartIV.
The Motives, Progress, And Effects Of The Conversion Of
Constantine.—Legal Establishment And Constitution Of The
Christian Or Catholic Church.

Chapter XXI: Persecution Of Heresy, State Of The Church.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.   Part V.   Part VI.   Part VII.
Persecution Of Heresy.—The Schism Of The Donatists.—The
Arian Controversy.—Athanasius.—Distracted State Of The
Church And Empire Under Constantine And His Sons.—Toleration
Of Paganism.

Chapter XXII: Julian Declared Emperor.—Part I   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.
Julian Is Declared Emperor By The Legions Of Gaul.—His
March And Success.—The Death Of Constantius.—Civil
Administration Of Julian.

Chapter XXIII: Reign Of Julian.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.   Part V.
The Religion Of Julian.—Universal Toleration.—He
Attempts To Restore And Reform The Pagan Worship—To Rebuild
The Temple Of Jerusalem—His Artful Persecution Of The
Christians.—Mutual Zeal And Injustice.

Chapter XXIV: The Retreat And Death Of Julian.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.   Part V.
Residence Of Julian At Antioch.—His Successful Expedition
Against The Persians.—Passage Of The Tigris—The Retreat And
Death Of Julian.—Election Of Jovian.—He Saves The Roman
Army By A Disgraceful Treaty.

Chapter XXV: Reigns Of Jovian And Valentinian, Division Of The Empire.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.   Part V.   Part VI.   Part VII.
The Government And Death Of Jovian.—Election Of
Valentinian, Who Associates His Brother Valens, And Makes The
Final Division Of The Eastern And Western Empires.—Revolt Of
Procopius.—Civil And Ecclesiastical Administration.—
Germany.—Britain.—Africa.—The East.—The Danube.—
Death Of Valentinian.—His Two Sons, Gratian And Valentinian
II., Succeed To The Western Empire.

Chapter XXVI: Progress of The Huns.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.   Part V.
Manners Of The Pastoral Nations.—Progress Of The Huns, From
China To Europe.—Flight Of The Goths.—They Pass The Danube.
—Gothic War.—Defeat And Death Of Valens.—Gratian Invests
Theodosius With The Eastern Empire.—His Character And Success.
—Peace And Settlement Of The Goths.





VOLUME THREE

Chapter XVI—Conduct Towards The Christians, From Nero To Constantine.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.   Part V.   Part VI.   Part VII.   Part VIII.
The Conduct Of The Roman Government Towards The Christians,
From The Reign Of Nero To That Of Constantine.

Chapter XVII: Foundation Of Constantinople.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.   Part V.   Part VI.
Foundation Of Constantinople.—Political System Constantine,
And His Successors.—Military Discipline.—The Palace.—The
Finances.

Chapter XVIII: Character Of Constantine And His Sons.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.
Character Of Constantine.—Gothic War.—Death Of
Constantine.—Division Of The Empire Among His Three Sons.—
Persian War.—Tragic Deaths Of Constantine The Younger And
Constans.—Usurpation Of Magnentius.—Civil War.—Victory
Of Constantius.

Chapter XIX: Constantius Sole Emperor.—Part I.   PartII.   Part III.   Part IV.
Constantius Sole Emperor.—Elevation And Death Of Gallus.—
Danger And Elevation Of Julian.—Sarmatian And Persian Wars.—
Victories Of Julian In Gaul.

Chapter XX: Conversion Of Constantine.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   PartIV.
The Motives, Progress, And Effects Of The Conversion Of
Constantine.—Legal Establishment And Constitution Of The
Christian Or Catholic Church.

Chapter XXI: Persecution Of Heresy, State Of The Church.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.   Part V.   Part VI.   Part VII.
Persecution Of Heresy.—The Schism Of The Donatists.—The
Arian Controversy.—Athanasius.—Distracted State Of The
Church And Empire Under Constantine And His Sons.—Toleration
Of Paganism.

Chapter XXII: Julian Declared Emperor.—Part I   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.
Julian Is Declared Emperor By The Legions Of Gaul.—His
March And Success.—The Death Of Constantius.—Civil
Administration Of Julian.

Chapter XXIII: Reign Of Julian.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.   Part V.
The Religion Of Julian.—Universal Toleration.—He
Attempts To Restore And Reform The Pagan Worship—To Rebuild
The Temple Of Jerusalem—His Artful Persecution Of The
Christians.—Mutual Zeal And Injustice.

Chapter XXIV: The Retreat And Death Of Julian.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.   Part V.
Residence Of Julian At Antioch.—His Successful Expedition
Against The Persians.—Passage Of The Tigris—The Retreat And
Death Of Julian.—Election Of Jovian.—He Saves The Roman
Army By A Disgraceful Treaty.

Chapter XXV: Reigns Of Jovian And Valentinian, Division Of The Empire.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.   Part V.   Part VI.   Part VII.
The Government And Death Of Jovian.—Election Of
Valentinian, Who Associates His Brother Valens, And Makes The
Final Division Of The Eastern And Western Empires.—Revolt Of
Procopius.—Civil And Ecclesiastical Administration.—
Germany.—Britain.—Africa.—The East.—The Danube.—
Death Of Valentinian.—His Two Sons, Gratian And Valentinian
II., Succeed To The Western Empire.

Chapter XXVI: Progress of The Huns.—Part I.   Part II.   Part III.   Part IV.   Part V.
Manners Of The Pastoral Nations.—Progress Of The Huns, From
China To Europe.—Flight Of The Goths.—They Pass The Danube.
—Gothic War.—Defeat And Death Of Valens.—Gratian Invests
Theodosius With The Eastern Empire.—His Character And Success.
—Peace And Settlement Of The Goths.





VOLUME FOUR

Chapter XXXIX: Gothic Kingdom Of Italy.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.
     Zeno And Anastasius, Emperors Of The East.—Birth,
     Education, And First Exploits Of Theodoric The Ostrogoth.—
     His Invasion And Conquest Of Italy.—The Gothic Kingdom Of
     Italy.—State Of The West.—Military And Civil Government.—
     The Senator Boethius.—Last Acts And Death Of Theodoric.

Chapter XL: Reign Of Justinian.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.
     Elevation Of Justin The Elder.—Reign Of Justinian.—I. The
     Empress Theodora.—II. Factions Of The Circus, And Sedition
     Of Constantinople.—III. Trade And Manufacture Of Silk.—IV.
     Finances And Taxes.—V. Edifices Of Justinian.—Church Of
     St. Sophia.—Fortifications And Frontiers Of The Eastern
     Empire.—Abolition Of The Schools Of Athens, And The
     Consulship Of Rome.

Chapter XLI: Conquests Of Justinian, Character Of Balisarius.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.    Part VI.
     Conquests Of Justinian In The West.—Character And First
     Campaigns Of Belisarius—He Invades And Subdues The Vandal
     Kingdom Of Africa—His Triumph.—The Gothic War.—He
     Recovers Sicily, Naples, And Rome.—Siege Of Rome By The
     Goths.—Their Retreat And Losses.—Surrender Of Ravenna.—
     Glory Of Belisarius.—His Domestic Shame And Misfortunes.

Chapter XLII: State Of The Barbaric World.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.
     State Of The Barbaric World.—Establishment Of The Lombards
     On the Danube.—Tribes And Inroads Of The Sclavonians.—
     Origin, Empire, And Embassies Of The Turks.—The Flight Of
     The Avars.—Chosroes I, Or Nushirvan, King Of Persia.—His
     Prosperous Reign And Wars With The Romans.—The Colchian Or
     Lazic War.—The Æthiopians.

Chapter XLIII: Last Victory And Death Of Belisarius, Death Of Justinian.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.
     Rebellions Of Africa.—Restoration Of The Gothic Kingdom By
     Totila.—Loss And Recovery Of Rome.—Final Conquest Of Italy
     By Narses.—Extinction Of The Ostrogoths.—Defeat Of The
     Franks And Alemanni.—Last Victory, Disgrace, And Death Of
     Belisarius.—Death And Character Of Justinian.—Comet,
     Earthquakes, And Plague.

Chapter XLIV: Idea Of The Roman Jurisprudence.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.    Part VI.    Part VII.    Part VIII.
     Idea Of The Roman Jurisprudence.—The Laws Of The Kings—The
     Twelve Of The Decemvirs.—The Laws Of The People.—The
     Decrees Of The Senate.—The Edicts Of The Magistrates And
     Emperors—Authority Of The Civilians.—Code, Pandects,
     Novels, And Institutes Of Justinian:—I. Rights Of Persons.—
     II. Rights Of Things.—III. Private Injuries And Actions.—
     IV. Crimes And Punishments.

Chapter XLV: State Of Italy Under The Lombards.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.
     Reign Of The Younger Justin.—Embassy Of The Avars.—Their
     Settlement On The Danube.—Conquest Of Italy By The
     Lombards.—Adoption And Reign Of Tiberius.—Of Maurice.—
     State Of Italy Under The Lombards And The Exarchs.—Of
     Ravenna.—Distress Of Rome.—Character And Pontificate Of
     Gregory The First.

Chapter XLVI: Troubles In Persia.—Part I.    Part II.      Part III.    Part IV.
     Revolutions On Persia After The Death Of Chosroes On
     Nushirvan.—His Son Hormouz, A Tyrant, Is Deposed.—
     Usurpation Of Baharam.—Flight And Restoration Of Chosroes
     II.—His Gratitude To The Romans.—The Chagan Of The Avars.—
     Revolt Of The Army Against Maurice.—His Death.—Tyranny Of
     Phocas.—Elevation Of Heraclius.—The Persian War.—Chosroes
     Subdues Syria, Egypt, And Asia Minor.—Siege Of
     Constantinople By The Persians And Avars.—Persian
     Expeditions.—Victories And Triumph Of Heraclius.

Chapter XLVII: Ecclesiastical Discord.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.    Part VI.
     Theological History Of The Doctrine Of The Incarnation.—The
     Human And Divine Nature Of Christ.—Enmity Of The Patriarchs
     Of Alexandria And Constantinople.—St. Cyril And Nestorius.—
     Third General Council Of Ephesus.—Heresy Of Eutyches.—
     Fourth General Council Of Chalcedon.—Civil And
     Ecclesiastical Discord.—Intolerance Of Justinian.—The
     Three Chapters.—The Monothelite Controversy.—State Of The
     Oriental Sects:—I. The Nestorians.—II. The Jacobites.—
     III. The Maronites.—IV. The Armenians.—V. The Copts And
     Abyssinians.

Chapter XLVIII: Succession And Characters Of The Greek Emperors.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part VI.
     Plan Of The Two Last Volumes.—Succession And Characters Of
     The Greek Emperors Of Constantinople, From The Time Of
     Heraclius To The Latin Conquest.





VOLUME FIVE

Chapter XLIX: Conquest Of Italy By The Franks.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.    Part VI.
     Introduction, Worship, And Persecution Of Images.—Revolt Of
     Italy And Rome.—Temporal Dominion Of The Popes.—Conquest
     Of Italy By The Franks.—Establishment Of Images.—Character
     And Coronation Of Charlemagne.—Restoration And Decay Of The
     Roman Empire In The West.—Independence Of Italy.—
     Constitution Of The Germanic Body.

Chapter L: Description Of Arabia And Its Inhabitants.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.    Part VI.    Part VII.    Part VIII.
     Description Of Arabia And Its Inhabitants.—Birth,
     Character, And Doctrine Of Mahomet.—He Preaches At Mecca.—
     Flies To Medina.—Propagates His Religion By The Sword.—
     Voluntary Or Reluctant Submission Of The Arabs.—His Death
     And Successors.—The Claims And Fortunes Of All And His
     Descendants.

Chapter LI: Conquests By The Arabs.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.    Part VI.    Part VII.    Part VIII.    Part IX.
     The Conquest Of Persia, Syria, Egypt, Africa, And Spain, By
     The Arabs Or Saracens.—Empire Of The Caliphs, Or Successors
     Of Mahomet.—State Of The Christians, &c., Under Their
     Government.

Chapter LII: More Conquests By The Arabs.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.
     The Two Sieges Of Constantinople By The Arabs.—Their
     Invasion Of France, And Defeat By Charles Martel.—Civil War
     Of The Ommiades And Abbassides.—Learning Of The Arabs.—
     Luxury Of The Caliphs.—Naval Enterprises On Crete, Sicily,
     And Rome.—Decay And Division Of The Empire Of The Caliphs.—
     Defeats And Victories Of The Greek Emperors.

Chapter LIII: Fate Of The Eastern Empire.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.
     Fate Of The Eastern Empire In The Tenth Century.—Extent And
     Division.—Wealth And Revenue.—Palace Of Constantinople.—
     Titles And Offices.—Pride And Power Of The Emperors.—
     Tactics Of The Greeks, Arabs, And Franks.—Loss Of The Latin
     Tongue.—Studies And Solitude Of The Greeks.

Chapter LIV: Origin And Doctrine Of The Paulicians.—Part I.    Part II.
     Origin And Doctrine Of The Paulicians.—Their Persecution By
     The Greek Emperors.—Revolt In Armenia &c.—Transplantation
     Into Thrace.—Propagation In The West.—The Seeds,
     Character, And Consequences Of The Reformation.

Chapter LV: The Bulgarians, The Hungarians And The Russians.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.
     The Bulgarians.—Origin, Migrations, And Settlement Of The
     Hungarians.—Their Inroads In The East And West.—The
     Monarchy Of Russia.—Geography And Trade.—Wars Of The
     Russians Against The Greek Empire.—Conversion Of The
     Barbarians.

Chapter LVI: The Saracens, The Franks And The Normans.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.
     The Saracens, Franks, And Greeks, In Italy.—First
     Adventures And Settlement Of The Normans.—Character And
     Conquest Of Robert Guiscard, Duke Of Apulia—Deliverance Of
     Sicily By His Brother Roger.—Victories Of Robert Over The
     Emperors Of The East And West.—Roger, King Of Sicily,
     Invades Africa And Greece.—The Emperor Manuel Comnenus.—
     Wars Of The Greeks And Normans.—Extinction Of The Normans.

Chapter LVII: The Turks.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.
     The Turks Of The House Of Seljuk.—Their Revolt Against
     Mahmud Conqueror Of Hindostan.—Togrul Subdues Persia, And
     Protects The Caliphs.—Defeat And Captivity Of The Emperor
     Romanus Diogenes By Alp Arslan.—Power And Magnificence Of
     Malek Shah.—Conquest Of Asia Minor And Syria.—State And
     Oppression Of Jerusalem.—Pilgrimages To The Holy Sepulchre.

Chapter LVIII: The First Crusade.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.    Part V.
     Origin And Numbers Of The First Crusade.—Characters Of The
     Latin Princes.—Their March To Constantinople.—Policy Of
     The Greek Emperor Alexius.—Conquest Of Nice, Antioch, And
     Jerusalem, By The Franks.—Deliverance Of The Holy
     Sepulchre.—Godfrey Of Bouillon, First King Of Jerusalem.—
     Institutions Of The French Or Latin Kingdom.






VOLUME SIX

Chapter LIX: The Crusades.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.
     Preservation Of The Greek Empire.—Numbers, Passage, And
     Event, Of The Second And Third Crusades.—St. Bernard.—
     Reign Of Saladin In Egypt And Syria.—His Conquest Of
     Jerusalem.—Naval Crusades.—Richard The First Of England.—
     Pope Innocent The Third; And The Fourth And Fifth Crusades.—
     The Emperor Frederic The Second.—Louis The Ninth Of
     France; And The Two Last Crusades.—Expulsion Of The Latins
     Or Franks By The Mamelukes.


Chapter LX: The Fourth Crusade.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.
     Schism Of The Greeks And Latins.—State Of Constantinople.—
     Revolt Of The Bulgarians.—Isaac Angelus Dethroned By His
     Brother Alexius.—Origin Of The Fourth Crusade.—Alliance Of
     The French And Venetians With The Son Of Isaac.—Their Naval
     Expedition To Constantinople.—The Two Sieges And Final
     Conquest Of The City By The Latins.


Chapter LXI: Partition Of The Empire By The French And Venetians.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.
     Partition Of The Empire By The French And Venetians,—Five
     Latin Emperors Of The Houses Of Flanders And Courtenay.—
     Their Wars Against The Bulgarians And Greeks.—Weakness And
     Poverty Of The Latin Empire.—Recovery Of Constantinople By
     The Greeks.—General Consequences Of The Crusades.


Chapter LXII: Greek Emperors Of Nice And Constantinople.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.
     The Greek Emperors Of Nice And Constantinople.—Elevation
     And Reign Of Michael Palæologus.—His False Union With The
     Pope And The Latin Church.—Hostile Designs Of Charles Of
     Anjou.—Revolt Of Sicily.—War Of The Catalans In Asia And
     Greece.—Revolutions And Present State Of Athens.


Chapter LXIII: Civil Wars And The Ruin Of The Greek Empire.—Part I.    Part II.
     Civil Wars, And Ruin Of The Greek Empire.—Reigns Of
     Andronicus, The Elder And Younger, And John Palæologus.—
     Regency, Revolt, Reign, And Abdication Of John Cantacuzene.—
     Establishment Of A Genoese Colony At Pera Or Galata.—Their
     Wars With The Empire And City Of Constantinople.


Chapter LXIV: Moguls, Ottoman Turks.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.
     Conquests Of Zingis Khan And The Moguls From China To
     Poland.—Escape Of Constantinople And The Greeks.—Origin Of
     The Ottoman Turks In Bithynia.—Reigns And Victories Of
     Othman, Orchan, Amurath The First, And Bajazet The First.—
     Foundation And Progress Of The Turkish Monarchy In Asia And
     Europe.—Danger Of Constantinople And The Greek Empire.


Chapter LXV: Elevation Of Timour Or Tamerlane, And His Death.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.
     Elevation Of Timour Or Tamerlane To The Throne Of
     Samarcand.—His Conquests In Persia, Georgia, Tartary
     Russia, India, Syria, And Anatolia.—His Turkish War.—
     Defeat And Captivity Of Bajazet.—Death Of Timour.—Civil
     War Of The Sons Of Bajazet.—Restoration Of The Turkish
     Monarchy By Mahomet The First.—Siege Of Constantinople By
     Amurath The Second.


Chapter LXVI: Union Of The Greek And Latin Churches.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.
     Applications Of The Eastern Emperors To The Popes.—Visits
     To The West, Of John The First, Manuel, And John The Second,
     Palæologus.—Union Of The Greek And Latin Churches, Promoted
     By The Council Of Basil, And Concluded At Ferrara And
     Florence.—State Of Literature At Constantinople.—Its
     Revival In Italy By The Greek Fugitives.—Curiosity And
     Emulation Of The Latins.


Chapter LXVII: Schism Of The Greeks And Latins.—Part I.    Part II.
     Schism Of The Greeks And Latins.—Reign And Character Of
     Amurath The Second.—Crusade Of Ladislaus, King Of Hungary.—
     His Defeat And Death.—John Huniades.—Scanderbeg.—
     Constantine Palæologus, Last Emperor Of The East.


Chapter LXVIII: Reign Of Mahomet The Second, Extinction Of Eastern Empire.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.
     Reign And Character Of Mahomet The Second.—Siege, Assault,
     And Final Conquest, Of Constantinople By The Turks.—Death
     Of Constantine Palæologus.—Servitude Of The Greeks.—
     Extinction Of The Roman Empire In The East.—Consternation
     Of Europe.—Conquests And Death Of Mahomet The Second.


Chapter LXIX: State Of Rome From The Twelfth Century.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.
     State Of Rome From The Twelfth Century.—Temporal Dominion
     Of The Popes.—Seditions Of The City.—Political Heresy Of
     Arnold Of Brescia.—Restoration Of The Republic.—The
     Senators.—Pride Of The Romans.—Their Wars.—They Are
     Deprived Of The Election And Presence Of The Popes, Who
     Retire To Avignon.—The Jubilee.—Noble Families Of Rome.—
     Feud Of The Colonna And Ursini.


Chapter LXX: Final Settlement Of The Ecclesiastical State.—Part I.    Part II.    Part III.    Part IV.
     Character And Coronation Of Petrarch.—Restoration Of The
     Freedom And Government Of Rome By The Tribune Rienzi.—His
     Virtues And Vices, His Expulsion And Death.—Return Of The
     Popes From Avignon.—Great Schism Of The West.—Reunion Of
     The Latin Church.—Last Struggles Of Roman Liberty.—
     Statutes Of Rome.—Final Settlement Of The Ecclesiastical
     State.


Chapter LXXI: Prospect Of The Ruins Of Rome In The Fifteenth Century.—Part I.    Part II
     Prospect Of The Ruins Of Rome In The Fifteenth Century.—
     Four Causes Of Decay And Destruction.—Example Of The
     Coliseum.—Renovation Of The City.—Conclusion Of The Whole
     Work.






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