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Important Dates in the United Kingdom

IMPORTANT DATES IN ENGLAND

A.D. 43..... Roman armies invaded Britain.
400's....... Germanic tribes invaded England.
597......... Saint Augustine of Canterbury brought Christianity to the people of southern England.
1066........ Norman forces won the Battle of Hastings, and William the Conqueror became king of England.
1215........ English barons forced King John to agree to Magna Carta.
1282-1283... England conquered Wales.
1295........ Edward I called together the Model Parliament.
1314........ Scotland assured its independence from England by winning the Battle of Bannockburn.
1337-1453... England fought the Hundred Years' War with France and lost most of its lands on the European mainland.
1455-1480's. Two royal families fought for the throne in the Wars of the Roses.
1534........ At the urging of Henry VIII, Parliament made the king supreme head of the church in England.
1536........ Henry VIII united England and Wales.
1588........ An English fleet defeated the Spanish Armada.
1603........ England and Scotland were joined in a personal union under one king, James I.
1649-1652... Supporters of the king fought supporters of Parliament in a civil war.
1649-1659... England became a commonwealth and then a protectorate.
1660........ Parliament restored the monarchy in England.
1688........ The Glorious Revolution ended James II's rule.
1689........ Parliament passed the Bill of Rights.
1707........ England and Wales were united politically with Scotland, forming the Kingdom of Great Britain.

IMPORTANT DATES IN WALES

A.D. 50-78.. Roman armies conquered Wales.
1282........ English troops killed Llywelyn II, Prince of Wales, during a Welsh revolt that ended in 1283.
1301........ King Edward I of England gave the title Prince of Wales to his son.
1400-1410... Owen Glendower (Owain Glyn Dwr) revolted against English rule.
1485........ Henry Tudor, a Welsh nobleman, became King Henry VII of England.
1536........ King Henry VIII united Wales and England.

IMPORTANT DATES IN SCOTLAND

843......... Kenneth MacAlpin established Alba, the first united kingdom in Scotland.
1314........ Robert Bruce defeated an English army in the Battle of Bannockburn.
1320........ Scotland declared its independence from England.
1328........ The English recognized Scottish independence, and Robert Bruce became king of Scotland.
1560's...... The Presbyterian Church became the national church of Scotland.
1603........ Scotland and England became joined under one king.
1707........ The Act of Union joined Scotland with England and Wales, forming the Kingdom of Great Britain.
1715........ The English put down the first Jacobite rebellion.
1746........ The English won the Battle of Culloden Moor, ending the second Jacobite rebellion.

IMPORTANT DATES IN BRITAIN

1707............. The Act of Union united England and Wales with Scotland.
1756-1763........ As a result of the Seven Years' War, Britain won control of France's North American empire.
1775-1783........ Britain lost its American Colonies in the Revolutionary War in America.
1793-1815........ Britain defeated France in the Napoleonic Wars.
1801............. Ireland joined with the Kingdom of Great Britain, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
1832............. The first Reform Act gave most men of the middle class the right to vote.
1837-1901........ Britain became the world's richest country, and the British Empire reached its height in the Victorian Age.
1914-1918........ Britain and the other Allies defeated Germany and the other Central Powers in World War I.
1931............. The Commonwealth of Nations was established.
1939-1945........ Britain and the other Allies defeated Germany, Italy, and Japan in World War II.
1947-1949........ India, Pakistan, and Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) became independent members of the Commonwealth of Nations. Burma and the Republic of Ireland left the Commonwealth.
1956............. Britain, France, and Israel invaded Egypt but withdrew under pressure from the United States, the Soviet Union, and other countries.
1963............. Britain's application for membership in the European Economic Community was rejected.
1967............. Britain's second application for European Economic Community membership was rejected. The government devalued the pound.
1973............. Britain became a member of the European Community, an economic organization that is now part of the European Union.
1982............. British forces defeated Argentine forces in battles for control of the Falkland Islands.
1991............. British forces participated in the Persian Gulf War.
1994............. A railroad tunnel opened under the English Channel between Britain and France.
1997............. Scotland and Wales voted to establish their own legislatures.


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This page (impdates.html) was last modified on Sunday 27/01/2013