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Greek and Roman Mythology

Most of the Greek deities were adopted by the Romans, although in many cases there was a change of name. In the list below, information is given under the Greek name; the name in parentheses is the Roman equivalent. However, all Latin names are listed with cross references to the Greek ones. In addition, there are several deities that are exclusively Roman.

Acheron One of several Rivers of Underworld: Acheron (woe), Cocytus (wailing), Lethe (forgetfulness), Phlegethon (fire), Styx (across which souls of dead were ferried by Charon).
Achilles Greek warrior; slew Hector at Troy; slain by Paris, who wounded him in his vulnerable heel.
Actaeon Hunter; surprised Artemis bathing; changed by her to stag; and killed by his dogs.
Admetus King of Thessaly; his wife, Alcestis, offered to die in his place.
Adonis Beautiful youth loved by Aphrodite.
Aeacus One of three judges of dead in Hades; son of Zeus.
Aeetes King of Colchis; father of Medea; keeper of Golden Fleece.
Aegeus Father of Theseus; believing Theseus killed in Crete, he drowned himself; Aegean Sea named for him.
Aegisthus Son of Thyestes; slew Atreus; with Clytemnestra, his paramour, slew Agamemnon; slain by Orestes.
Aegyptus Brother of Danaus; his sons, except Lynceus, slain by Danaides.
Aeneas Trojan; son of Anchises and Aphrodite; after fall of Troy, led his followers eventually to Italy; loved and deserted Dido.
Aeolus One of several Winds: Aeolus (keeper of winds), Boreas (Aquilo) (north wind), Eurus (east wind), Notus (Auster) (south wind), Zephyrus (Favonius) (west wind).
Aeson King of Ioclus; father of Jason; overthrown by his brother Pelias; restored to youth by Medea.
Aether Personification of sky.
Aethra Mother of Theseus.
Agamemnon King of Mycenae; son of Atreus; brother of Menelaus; leader of Greeks against Troy; slain on his return home by Clytemnestra and Aegisthus.
Agiaia One of several Graces: Beautiful goddesses: Aglaia (Brilliance), Euphrosyne (Joy), and Thalia (Bloom); daughters of Zeus. (Brilliance), Euphrosyne (Joy), and Thalia (Bloom); daughters of Zeus.
Ajax Greek warrior; killed himself at Troy because Achilles's armour was awarded to Odysseus.
Alcestis Wife of Admetus; offered to die in his place but saved from death by Hercules.
Alcmene Wife of Amphitryon; mother by Zeus of Hercules.
Alcyone One of several Pleiades: Alcyone, Celaeno, Electra, Maia, Merope, Sterope or Asterope, Taygeta; seven daughters of Atlas; transformed into heavenly constellation, of which six stars are visible (Merope is said to have hidden in shame for loving a mortal).
Alecto One of several Furies: Avenging spirits; Alecto, Megaera, and Tisiphone; known also as Erinyes or Eumenides.
Alectryon Youth changed by Ares into cock.
Althaea Wife of Oeneus; mother of Meleager.
Amazons Female warriors in Asia Minor; supported Troy against Greeks.
Amphion Musician; husband of Niobe; charmed stones to build fortifications for Thebes.
Amphitrite Sea goddess; wife of Poseidon.
Amphitryon Husband of Alcmene.
Anchises Father of Aeneas.
Ancile Sacred shield that fell from heavens; palladium of Rome.
Andraemon Husband of Dryope.
Andromache Wife of Hector.
Andromeda Daughter of Cepheus; chained to cliff for monster to devour; rescued by Perseus.
Anteia Wife of Proetus; tried to induce Bellerophon to elope with her.
Anteros God who avenged unrequited love.
Antigone Daughter of Oedipus; accompanied him to Colonus; performed burial rite for Polynices and hanged herself.
Antinous Leader of suitors of Penelope; slain by Odysseus.
Aphrodite (Venus) Goddess of love and beauty; daughter of Zeus; mother of Eros.
Apollo God of beauty, poetry, music; later identified with Helios as Phoebus Apollo; son of Zeus and Leto.
Aquilo One of several Winds: Aeolus (keeper of winds), Boreas (Aquilo) (north wind), Eurus (east wind), Notus (Auster) (south wind), Zephyrus (Favonius) (west wind).
Arachne Maiden who challenged Athena to weaving contest; changed to spider.
Ares (Mars) God of war; son of Zeus and Hera.
Argo Ship in which Jason and followers sailed to Colchis for Golden Fleece.
Argus Monster with hundred eyes; slain by Hermes; his eyes placed by Hera into peacock's tail.
Ariadne Daughter of Minos; aided Theseus in slaying Minotaur; deserted by him on island of Naxos and married to Dionysus.
Arion Musician; thrown overboard by pirates but saved by dolphin.
Artemis (Diana) Goddess of moon; huntress; twin sister of Apollo.
Asclepius (Aesculapius) Mortal son of Apollo; slain by Zeus for raising dead; later deified as god of medicine. Also known as Asklepios.
Astarte Phoenician goddess of love; variously identified with Aphrodite, Selene, and Artemis.
Astraea Goddess of Justice; daughter of Zeus and Themis.
Atalanta Princess who challenged her suitors to a foot race; Hippomenes won race and married her.
Athena (Minerva) Goddess of wisdom; known poetically as Pallas Athene; sprang fully armed from head of Zeus.
Atlas Titan; held world on his shoulders as punishment for warring against Zeus; son of Iapetus.
Atreus King of Mycenae; father of Menelaus and Agamemnon; brother of Thyestes, three of whose sons he slew and served to him at banquet; slain by Aegisthus.
Atropos One of several Fates: Goddesses of destiny; Clotho (Spinner of thread of life), Lachesis (Determiner of length), and Atropos (Cutter of thread); also called Moirae. Identified by Romans with their goddesses of fate, Nona, Decuma, and Morta; called Parcae.
Auster One of several Winds: Aeolus (keeper of winds), Boreas (Aquilo) (north wind), Eurus (east wind), Notus (Auster) (south wind), Zephyrus (Favonius) (west wind).
Avernus Infernal regions; name derived from small vaporous lake near Vesuvius which was fabled to kill birds and vegetation.
Bellerophon Corinthian hero; killed Chimera with aid of Pegasus; tried to reach Olympus on Pegasus and was thrown to his death.
Bellona Roman goddess of war.
Boreas One of several Winds: Aeolus (keeper of winds), Boreas (Aquilo) (north wind), Eurus (east wind), Notus (Auster) (south wind), Zephyrus (Favonius) (west wind).
Briareus Monster of hundred hands; son of Uranus and Gaea.
Briseis Captive maiden given to Achilles; taken by Agamemnon in exchange for loss of Chryseis, which caused Achilles to cease fighting, until death of Patroclus.
Cadmus Brother of Europa; planter of dragon seeds from which first Thebans sprang.
Calliope One of several Muses: Goddesses presiding over arts and sciences: Calliope (epic poetry), Clio (history), Erato (lyric and love poetry), Euterpe (music), Melpomene (tragedy), Polymnia or Polyhymnia (sacred poetry), Terpsichore (choral dance and song), Thalia (comedy and bucolic poetry), Urania (astronomy); daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne.
Calypso Sea nymph; kept Odysseus on her island Ogygia for seven years.
Cassandra Daughter of Priam; prophetess who was never believed; slain with Agamemnon.
Castor One of Dioscuri, Twins Castor and Pollux; sons of Leda by Zeus.
Celaeno One of several Pleiades: Alcyone, Celaeno, Electra, Maia, Merope, Sterope or Asterope, Taygeta; seven daughters of Atlas; transformed into heavenly constellation, of which six stars are visible (Merope is said to have hidden in shame for loving a mortal).
Centaurs Beings half man and half horse; lived in mountains of Thessaly.
Cephalus Hunter; accidentally killed his wife Procris with his spear.
Cepheus King of Ethiopia; father of Andromeda.
Cerberus Three-headed dog guarding entrance to Hades.
Chaos Formless void; personified as first of gods.
Charon Boatman on Styx who carried souls of dead to Hades; son of Erebus.
Charybdis Female monster; personification of whirlpool.
Chimera Female monster with head of lion, body of goat, tail of serpent; killed by Bellerophon.
Chiron Most famous of centaurs.
Chronos Personification of time.
Chryseis Captive maiden given to Agamemnon; his refusal to accept ransom from her father Chryses caused Apollo to send plague on Greeks besieging Troy.
Circe Sorceress; daughter of Helios; changed Odysseus's men into swine.
Clio One of several Muses: Goddesses presiding over arts and sciences: Calliope (epic poetry), Clio (history), Erato (lyric and love poetry), Euterpe (music), Melpomene (tragedy), Polymnia or Polyhymnia (sacred poetry), Terpsichore (choral dance and song), Thalia (comedy and bucolic poetry), Urania (astronomy); daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne.
Clotho One of several Fates: Goddesses of destiny; Clotho (Spinner of thread of life), Lachesis (Determiner of length), and Atropos (Cutter of thread); also called Moirae. Identified by Romans with their goddesses of fate; Nona, Decuma, and Morta; called Parcae.
Clytemnestra Wife of Agamemnon, whom she slew with aid of her paramour, Aegisthus; slain by her son Orestes.
Cocytus One of several Rivers of Underworld: Acheron (woe), Cocytus (wailing), Lethe (forgetfulness), Phlegethon (fire), Styx (across which souls of dead were ferried by Charon).
Creon Father of Jocasta; forbade burial of Polynices; ordered burial alive of Antigone.
Creusa Princess of Corinth, for whom Jason deserted Medea; slain by Medea, who sent her poisoned robe; also known as Glauke.
Creusa Wife of Aeneas; died fleeing Troy.
Cronus (Saturn) Titan; god of harvests; son of Uranus and Gaea; dethroned by his son Zeus.
Cybele Anatolian nature goddess; adopted by Greeks and identified with Rhea.
Cyclopes Race of one-eyed giants (singular: Cyclops).
Daedalus Athenian artificer; father of Icarus; builder of Labyrinth in Crete; devised wings attached with wax for him and Icarus to escape Crete.
Danae Princess of Argos; mother of Perseus by Zeus, who appeared to her in form of golden shower.
Danaides Daughters of Danaus; at his command, all except Hypermnestra slew their husbands, the sons of Aegyptus.
Danaus Brother of Aegyptus; father of Danaides; slain by Lynceus.
Daphne Nymph; pursued by Apollo; changed to laurel tree.
Decuma One of several Fates: Goddesses of destiny; Clotho (Spinner of thread of life), Lachesis (Determiner of length), and Atropos (Cutter of thread); also called Moirae. Identified by Romans with their goddesses of fate; Nona, Decuma, and Morta; called Parcae.
Deino One of several Graeae: Sentinels for Gorgons; Deino, Enyo, and Pephredo; had one eye among them, which passed from one to another.
Demeter (Ceres) Goddess of agriculture; mother of Persephone.
Dido Founder and queen of Carthage; stabbed herself when deserted by Aeneas.
Diomedes Greek hero; with Odysseus, entered Troy and carried off Palladium, sacred statue of Athena.
Diomedes Owner of man-eating horses, which Hercules, as ninth labour, carried off.
Dione Titan goddess; mother by Zeus of Aphrodite.
Dionysus (Bacchus) God of wine; son of Zeus and Semele.
Dioscuri Twins Castor and Pollux; sons of Leda by Zeus.
Dryads Wood nymphs.
Dryope Maiden changed to Hamadryad.
Echo Nymph who fell hopelessly in love with Narcissus; faded away except for her voice.
Electra Daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra; sister of Orestes; urged Orestes to slay Clytemnestra and Aegisthus.
Electra One of several Pleiades: Alcyone, Celaeno, Electra, Maia, Merope, Sterope or Asterope, Taygeta; seven daughters of Atlas; transformed into heavenly constellation, of which six stars are visible (Merope is said to have hidden in shame for loving a mortal).
Elysium Abode of blessed dead.
Endymion Mortal loved by Selene.
Enyo One of several Graeae: Sentinels for Gorgons; Deino, Enyo, and Pephredo; had one eye among them, which passed from one to another.
Eos (Aurora) Goddess of dawn.
Epimetheus Brother of Prometheus; husband of Pandora.
Erato One of several Muses: Goddesses presiding over arts and sciences: Calliope (epic poetry), Clio (history), Erato (lyric and love poetry), Euterpe (music), Melpomene (tragedy), Polymnia or Polyhymnia (sacred poetry), Terpsichore (choral dance and song), Thalia (comedy and bucolic poetry), Urania (astronomy); daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne.
Erebus Spirit of darkness; son of Chaos.
Erinyes One of several Furies: Avenging spirits; Alecto, Megaera, and Tisiphone; known also as Erinyes or Eumenides.
Eris Goddess of discord.
Eros (Amor or Cupid) God of love; son of Aphrodite.
Eteocles Son of Oedipus, whom he succeeded to rule alternately with Polynices; refused to give up throne at end of year; he and Polynices slew each other.
Eumenides One of several Furies: Avenging spirits; Alecto, Megaera, and Tisiphone; known also as Erinyes or Eumenides.
Euphrosyne One of several Graces: Beautiful goddesses: Aglaia (Brilliance), Euphrosyne (Joy), and Thalia (Bloom); daughters of Zeus.
Europa Mortal loved by Zeus, who, in form of white bull, carried her off to Crete.
Eurus One of several Winds: Aeolus (keeper of winds), Boreas (Aquilo) (north wind), Eurus (east wind), Notus (Auster) (south wind), Zephyrus (Favonius) (west wind).
Euryale One of several Gorgons: Female monsters; Euryale, Medusa, and Stheno; had snakes for hair; their glances turned mortals to stone.
Eurydice Nymph; wife of Orpheus.
Eurystheus King of Argos; imposed twelve labours on Hercules.
Euterpe One of several Muses: Goddesses presiding over arts and sciences: Calliope (epic poetry), Clio (history), Erato (lyric and love poetry), Euterpe (music), Melpomene (tragedy), Polymnia or Polyhymnia (sacred poetry), Terpsichore (choral dance and song), Thalia (comedy and bucolic poetry), Urania (astronomy); daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne.
Fates Goddesses of destiny; Clotho (Spinner of thread of life), Lachesis (Determiner of length), and Atropos (Cutter of thread); also called Moirae. Identified by Romans with their goddesses of fate; Nona, Decuma, and Morta; called Parcae.
Fauns Roman deities of woods and groves.
Favonius One of several Winds: Aeolus (keeper of winds), Boreas (Aquilo) (north wind), Eurus (east wind), Notus (Auster) (south wind), Zephyrus (Favonius) (west wind).
Flora Roman goddess of flowers.
Fortuna Roman goddess of fortune.
Furies Avenging spirits; Alecto, Megaera, and Tisiphone; known also as Erinyes or Eumenides.
Gaea Goddess of earth; daughter of Chaos; mother of Titans; known also as Ge, Gea, Gaia, etc.
Galatea Statue of maiden carved from ivory by Pygmalion; given life by Aphrodite.
Galatea Sea nymph; loved by Polyphemus.
Ganymede Beautiful boy; successor to Hebe as cupbearer of gods.
Glaucus Mortal who became sea divinity by eating magic grass.
Golden Fleece Fleece from ram that flew Phrixos to Colchis; Aeetes placed it under guard of dragon; carried off by Jason.
Gorgons Female monsters; Euryale, Medusa, and Stheno; had snakes for hair; their glances turned mortals to stone.
Graces Beautiful goddesses: Aglaia (Brilliance), Euphrosyne (Joy), and Thalia (Bloom); daughters of Zeus.
Graeae Sentinels for Gorgons; Deino, Enyo, and Pephredo; had one eye among them, which passed from one to another.
Hades (Dis) Name sometimes given Pluto; also, abode of dead, ruled by Pluto.
Haemon Son of Creon; promised husband of Antigone; killed himself in her tomb.
Hamadryads Tree nymphs.
Harpies Monsters with heads of women and bodies of birds.
Hebe (Juventas) Goddess of youth; cupbearer of gods before Ganymede; daughter of Zeus and Hera.
Hecate Goddess of sorcery and witchcraft.
Hector Son of Priam; slayer of Patroclus; slain by Achilles.
Hecuba Wife of Priam.
Helen Fairest woman in world; daughter of Zeus and Leda; wife of Menelaus; carried to Troy by Paris, causing Trojan War.
Heliades Daughters of Helios; mourned for Phaethon and were changed to poplar trees.
Helios (Sol) God of sun; later identified with Apollo.
Helle Sister of Phrixos; fell from ram of Golden Fleece; water where she fell named Hellespont.
Hephaestus (Vulcan) God of fire; celestial blacksmith; son of Zeus and Hera; husband of Aphrodite.
Hera (Juno) Queen of heaven; wife of Zeus.
Hercules Hero and strong man; son of Zeus and Alcmene; performed twelve labours or deeds to be free from bondage under Eurystheus; after death, his mortal share was destroyed, and he became immortal. Also known as Herakles or Heracles. Labours: (1) killing Nemean lion; (2) killing Lernaean Hydra; (3) capturing Erymanthian boar; (4) capturing Cerynean hind; (5) killing man-eating Stymphalian birds; (6) procuring girdle of Hippolyte; (7) cleaning Augean stables; (8) capturing Cretan bull; (9) capturing man-eating horses of Diomedes; (10) capturing cattle of Geryon; (11) procuring golden apples of Hesperides; (12) bringing Cerberus up from Hades.
Hermes (Mercury) God of physicians and thieves; messenger of gods; son of Zeus and Maia.
Hero Priestess of Aphrodite; Leander swam Hellespont nightly to see her; drowned herself at his death.
Hesperus Evening star.
Hestia (Vesta) Goddess of hearth; sister of Zeus.
Hippolyte Queen of Amazons; wife of Theseus.
Hippolytus Son of Theseus and Hippolyte; falsely accused by Phaedra of trying to kidnap her; slain by Poseidon at request of Theseus.
Hippomenes Husband of Atalanta, whom he beat in race by dropping golden apples, which she stopped to pick up.
Hyacinthus Beautiful youth accidentally killed by Apollo, who caused flower to spring up from his blood.
Hydra Nine-headed monster in marsh of Lerna; slain by Hercules.
Hygeia Personification of health.
Hyman God of marriage.
Hyperion Titan; early sun god; father of Helios.
Hypermnestra Daughter of Danaus; refused to kill her husband Lynceus.
Hypnos (Somnus) God of sleep.
Iapetus Titan; father of Atlas, Epimetheus, and Prometheus.
Icarus Son of Daedalus; flew too near sun with wax-attached wings and fell into sea and was drowned.
Io Mortal maiden loved by Zeus; changed by Hera into heifer.
Iobates King of Lycia; sent Bellerophon to slay Chimera.
Iphigenia Daughter of Agamemnon; offered as sacrifice to Artemis at Aulis; carried by Artemis to Tauris where she became priestess; escaped from there with Orestes.
Iris Goddess of rainbow; messenger of Zeus and Hera.
Ismene Daughter of Oedipus; sister of Antigone.
Iulus Son of Aeneas.
Ixion King of Lapithae; for making love to Hera he was bound to endlessly revolving wheel in Tartarus.
Janus Roman god of gates and doors; represented with two opposite faces.
Jason Son of Aeson; to gain throne of Ioclus from Pelias, went to Colchis and brought back Golden Fleece; married Medea; deserted her for Creusa.
Jocasta Wife of Laius; mother of Oedipus; unwittingly became wife of Oedipus; hanged herself when relationship was discovered.
Lachesis One of several Fates: Goddesses of destiny; Clotho (Spinner of thread of life), Lachesis (Determiner of length), and Atropos (Cutter of thread); also called Moirae. Identified by Romans with their goddesses of fate; Nona, Decuma, and Morta; called Parcae.
Laius Father of Oedipus, by whom he was slain.
Laocoon Priest of Apollo at Troy; warned against bringing wooden horse into Troy; destroyed with his two sons by serpents sent by Athena.
Lares Roman ancestral spirits protecting descendants and homes.
Lavinia Wife of Aeneas after defeat of Turnus.
Leander Swam Hellespont nightly to see Hero; drowned in storm.
Leda Mortal loved by Zeus in form of Swan; mother of Helen, Clytemnestra, Dioscuri.
Lethe One of several Rivers of Underworld: Acheron (woe), Cocytus (wailing), Lethe (forgetfulness), Phlegethon (fire), Styx (across which souls of dead were ferried by Charon).
Leto (Latona) Mother by Zeus of Artemis and Apollo.
Lucina Roman goddess of childbirth; identified with Juno.
Lynceus Son of Aegyptus; husband of Hypermnestra; slew Danaus.
Maia Daughter of Atlas; mother of Hermes.
Maia One of several Pleiades: Alcyone, Celaeno, Electra, Maia, Merope, Sterope or Asterope, Taygeta; seven daughters of Atlas; transformed into heavenly constellation, of which six stars are visible (Merope is said to have hidden in shame for loving a mortal).
Manes Souls of dead Romans, particularly of ancestors.
Marsyas Shepherd; challenged Apollo to music contest and lost; flayed alive by Apollo.
Medea Sorceress; daughter of Aeetes; helped Jason obtain Golden Fleece; when deserted by him for Creusa, killed her children and Creusa.
Medusa Gorgon; slain by Perseus, who cut off her head.
Megaera One of several Furies: Avenging spirits; Alecto, Megaera, and Tisiphone; known also as Erinyes or Eumenides.
Meleager Son of Althaea; his life would last as long as brand burning at his birth; Althaea quenched and saved it but destroyed it when Meleager slew his uncles.
Melpomene One of several Muses: Goddesses presiding over arts and sciences: Calliope (epic poetry), Clio (history), Erato (lyric and love poetry), Euterpe (music), Melpomene (tragedy), Polymnia or Polyhymnia (sacred poetry), Terpsichore (choral dance and song), Thalia (comedy and bucolic poetry), Urania (astronomy); daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne.
Memnon Ethiopian king; made immortal by Zeus; son of Tithonus and Eos.
Menelaus King of Sparta; son of Atreus; brother of Agamemnon; husband of Helen.
Merope One of several Pleiades: Alcyone, Celaeno, Electra, Maia, Merope, Sterope or Asterope, Taygeta; seven daughters of Atlas; transformed into heavenly constellation, of which six stars are visible; said to have hidden in shame for loving a mortal.
Mezentius Cruel Etruscan king; ally of Turnus against Aeneas; slain by Aeneas.
Midas King of Phrygia; given gift of turning to gold all he touched.
Minos King of Crete; after death, one of three judges of dead in Hades; son of Zeus and Europa.
Minotaur Monster, half man and half beast, kept in Labyrinth in Crete; slain by Theseus.
Mnemosyne Goddess of memory; mother by Zeus of Muses.
Moirae One of several Fates: Goddesses of destiny; Clotho (Spinner of thread of life), Lachesis (Determiner of length), and Atropos (Cutter of thread); also called Moirae. Identified by Romans with their goddesses of fate; Nona, Decuma, and Morta; called Parcae.
Momus God of ridicule.
Morpheus God of dreams.
Morta One of several Fates: Goddesses of destiny; Clotho (Spinner of thread of life), Lachesis (Determiner of length), and Atropos (Cutter of thread); also called Moirae. Identified by Romans with their goddesses of fate; Nona, Decuma, and Morta; called Parcae.
Muses Goddesses presiding over arts and sciences: Calliope (epic poetry), Clio (history), Erato (lyric and love poetry), Euterpe (music), Melpomene (tragedy), Polymnia or Polyhymnia (sacred poetry), Terpsichore (choral dance and song), Thalia (comedy and bucolic poetry), Urania (astronomy); daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne.
Naiads Nymphs of waters, streams, and fountains.
Napaeae Wood nymphs.
Narcissus Beautiful youth loved by Echo; in punishment for not returning her love, he was made to fall in love with his image reflected in pool; pined away and became flower.
Nemesis Goddess of retribution.
Neoptolemus Son of Achilles; slew Priam; also known as Pyrrhus.
Nereids Sea nymphs; attendants on Poseidon.
Nestor King of Pylos; noted for wise counsel in expedition against Troy.
Nike Goddess of victory.
Niobe Daughter of Tantalus; wife of Amphion; her children slain by Apollo and Artemis; changed to stone but continued to weep her loss.
Nona One of several Fates: Goddesses of destiny; Clotho (Spinner of thread of life), Lachesis (Determiner of length), and Atropos (Cutter of thread); also called Moirae. Identified by Romans with their goddesses of fate; Nona, Decuma, and Morta; called Parcae.
Notus One of several Winds: Aeolus (keeper of winds), Boreas (Aquilo) (north wind), Eurus (east wind), Notus (Auster) (south wind), Zephyrus (Favonius) (west wind).
Nymphs Beautiful maidens; inferior deities of nature.
Nyx (Nox) Goddess of night.
Oceanids Ocean nymphs; daughters of Oceanus.
Oceanus Eldest of Titans; god of waters.
Odysseus (Ulysses) King of Ithaca; husband of Penelope; wandered ten years after fall of Troy before arriving home.
Oedipus King of Thebes; son of Laius and Jocasta; unwittingly murdered Laius and married Jocasta; tore his eyes out when relationship was discovered.
Oenone Nymph of Mount Ida; wife of Paris, who abandoned her; refused to cure him when he was poisoned by arrow of Philoctetes at Troy.
Oreads Mountain nymphs.
Orestes Son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra; brother of Electra; slew Clytemnestra and Aegisthus; pursued by Furies until his purification by Apollo.
Orion Hunter; slain by Artemis and made heavenly constellation.
Orpheus Famed musician; son of Apollo and Muse Calliope; husband of Eurydice.
Pales Roman goddess of shepherds and herdsmen.
Palinurus Aeneas' pilot; fell overboard in his sleep and was drowned.
Pan (Faunus) God of woods and fields; part goat; son of Hermes.
Pandora Opener of box containing human ills; mortal wife of Epimetheus.
Parcae One of several Fates: Goddesses of destiny; Clotho (Spinner of thread of life), Lachesis (Determiner of length), and Atropos (Cutter of thread); also called Moirae. Identified by Romans with their goddesses of fate; Nona, Decuma, and Morta; called Parcae.
Paris Son of Priam; gave apple of discord to Aphrodite, for which she enabled him to carry off Helen; slew Achilles at Troy; slain by Philoctetes.
Patroclus Great friend of Achilles; wore Achilles' armour and was slain by Hector.
Pegasus Winged horse that sprang from Medusa's body at her death; ridden by Bellerophon when he slew Chimera.
Pelias King of Ioclus; seized throne from his brother Aeson; sent Jason for Golden Fleece; slain unwittingly by his daughters at instigation of Medea.
Pelops Son of Tantalus; his father cooked and served him to gods; restored to life; Peloponnesus named for him.
Penates Roman household gods.
Penelope Wife of Odysseus; waited faithfully for him for ten years while putting off numerous suitors.
Pephredo One of several Graeae: Sentinels for Gorgons; Deino, Enyo, and Pephredo; had one eye among them, which passed from one to another.
Periphetes Giant; son of Hephaestus; slain by Theseus.
Persephone (Proserpine) Queen of infernal regions; daughter of Zeus and Demeter; wife of Pluto.
Perseus Son of Zeus and Danae; slew Medusa; rescued Andromeda from monster and married her.
Phaedra Daughter of Minos; wife of Theseus; caused the death of her stepson, Hippolytus.
Phaethon Son of Helios; drove his father's sun chariot and was struck down by Zeus before he set world on fire.
Philoctetes Greek warrior who possessed Hercules' bow and arrows; slew Paris at Troy with poisoned arrow.
Phineus Betrothed of Andromeda; tried to slay Perseus but turned to stone by Medusa's head.
Phlegethon One of several Rivers of Underworld: Acheron (woe), Cocytus (wailing), Lethe (forgetfulness), Phlegethon (fire), Styx (across which souls of dead were ferried by Charon).
Phosphor Morning star.
Phrixos Brother of Helle; carried by ram of Golden Fleece to Colchis.
Pirithous Son of Ixion; friend of Theseus; tried to carry off Persephone from Hades; bound to enchanted rock by Pluto.
Pleiades Alcyone, Celaeno, Electra, Maia, Merope, Sterope or Asterope, Taygeta; seven daughters of Atlas; transformed into heavenly constellation, of which six stars are visible (Merope is said to have hidden in shame for loving a mortal).
Pluto (Dis) God of Hades; brother of Zeus.
Plutus God of wealth.
Pollux One of Dioscuri: Twins Castor and Pollux; sons of Leda by Zeus.
Polymnia One of several Muses: Goddesses presiding over arts and sciences: Calliope (epic poetry), Clio (history), Erato (lyric and love poetry), Euterpe (music), Melpomene (tragedy), Polymnia or Polyhymnia (sacred poetry), Terpsichore (choral dance and song), Thalia (comedy and bucolic poetry), Urania (astronomy); daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne.
Polynices Son of Oedipus; he and his brother Eteocles killed each other; burial rite, forbidden by Creon, performed by his sister Antigone.
Polyphemus Cyclops; devoured six of Odysseus's men; blinded by Odysseus.
Polyxena Daughter of Priam; betrothed to Achilles, whom Paris slew at their betrothal; sacrificed to shade of Achilles.
Pomona Roman goddess of fruits.
Pontus Sea god; son of Gaea.
Poseidon (Neptune) God of sea; brother of Zeus.
Priam King of Troy; husband of Hecuba; ransomed Hector's body from Achilles; slain by Neoptolemus.
Priapus God of regeneration.
Procris Wife of Cephalus, who accidentally slew her.
Procrustes Giant; stretched or cut off legs of victims to make them fit iron bed; slain by Theseus.
Proetus Husband of Anteia; sent Bellerophon to Iobates to be put to death.
Prometheus Titan; stole fire from heaven for man. Zeus punished him by chaining him to rock in Caucasus where vultures devoured his liver daily.
Proteus Sea god; assumed various shapes when called on to prophesy.
Psyche Beloved of Eros; punished by jealous Aphrodite; made immortal and united with Eros.
Pygmalion King of Cyprus; carved ivory statue of maiden which Aphrodite gave life as Galatea.
Pyramus Babylonian youth; made love to Thisbe through hole in wall; thinking Thisbe slain by lion, killed himself.
Python Serpent born from slime left by Deluge; slain by Apollo.
Quirinus Roman war god.
Remus Brother of Romulus; slain by him.
Rhadamanthus One of three judges of dead in Hades; son of Zeus and Europa.
Rhea (Ops) Daughter of Uranus and Gaea; wife of Cronus; mother of Zeus; identified with Cybele.
Rivers of Underworld Acheron (woe), Cocytus (wailing), Lethe (forgetfulness), Phlegethon (fire), Styx (across which souls of dead were ferried by Charon).
Romulus Founder of Rome; he and Remus suckled in infancy by she-wolf; slew Remus; deified by Romans.
Sarpedon King of Lycia; son of Zeus and Europa; slain by Patroclus at Troy.
Satyrs Hoofed demigods of woods and fields; companions of Dionysus.
Sciron Robber; forced strangers to wash his feet, then hurled them into sea where tortoise devoured them; slain by Theseus.
Scylla Female monster inhabiting rock opposite Charybdis; menaced passing sailors.
Selene Goddess of moon.
Semele Daughter of Cadmus; mother by Zeus of Dionysus; demanded Zeus appear before her in all his splendor and was destroyed by his lightnings.
Sibyis Various prophetesses; most famous, Cumaean sibyl, accompanied Aeneas into Hades.
Sileni Minor woodland deities similar to satyrs (singular: silenus). Sometimes Silenus refers to eldest of satyrs, son of Hermes or of Pan.
Silvanus Roman god of woods and fields.
Sinis Giant; bent pines, by which he hurled victims against side of mountain; slain by Theseus.
Sirens Minor deities who lured sailors to destruction with their singing.
Sisyphus King of Corinth; condemned in Tartarus to roll huge stone to top of hill; it always rolled back down again.
Sphinx Monster of Thebes; killed those who could not answer her riddle; slain by Oedipus. Name also refers to other monsters having body of lion, wings, and head and bust of woman.
Sterope One of several Pleiades: Alcyone, Celaeno, Electra, Maia, Merope, Sterope or Asterope, Taygeta; seven daughters of Atlas; transformed into heavenly constellation, of which six stars are visible (Merope is said to have hidden in shame for loving a mortal).
Stheno One of several Gorgons: Female monsters; Euryale, Medusa, and Stheno; had snakes for hair; their glances turned mortals to stone.
Styx One of several Rivers of Underworld: Acheron (woe), Cocytus (wailing), Lethe (forgetfulness), Phlegethon (fire), Styx (across which souls of dead were ferried by Charon).
Symplegades Clashing rocks at entrance to Black Sea; Argo passed through, causing them to become forever fixed.
Syrinx Nymph pursued by Pan; changed to reeds, from which he made his pipes.
Tantalus Cruel king; father of Pelops and Niobe; condemned in Tartarus to stand chin-deep in lake surrounded by fruit branches; as he tried to eat or drink, water or fruit always receded.
Tartarus Underworld below Hades; often refers to Hades.
Taygeta One of several Pleiades: Alcyone, Celaeno, Electra, Maia, Merope, Sterope or Asterope, Taygeta; seven daughters of Atlas; transformed into heavenly constellation, of which six stars are visible (Merope is said to have hidden in shame for loving a mortal).
Telemachus Son of Odysseus; made unsuccessful journey to find his father.
Tellus Roman goddess of earth.
Terminus Roman god of boundaries and landmarks.
Terpsichore One of several Muses: Goddesses presiding over arts and sciences: Calliope (epic poetry), Clio (history), Erato (lyric and love poetry), Euterpe (music), Melpomene (tragedy), Polymnia or Polyhymnia (sacred poetry), Terpsichore (choral dance and song), Thalia (comedy and bucolic poetry), Urania (astronomy); daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne.
Terra Roman earth goddess.
Thalia One of several Graces: Beautiful goddesses; Aglaia (Brilliance), Euphrosyne (Joy), and Thalia (Bloom); daughters of Zeus. Also one of several Muses: Goddesses presiding over arts and sciences Calliope (epic poetry), Clio (history), Erato (lyric and love poetry), Euterpe (music), Melpomene (tragedy), Polymnia or Polyhymnia (sacred poetry), Terpsichore (choral dance and song), Thalia (comedy and bucolic poetry), Urania (astronomy); daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne.
Thanatos (Mors) God of death.
Themis Titan goddess of laws of physical phenomena; daughter of Uranus; mother of Prometheus.
Theseus Son of Aegeus; slew Minotaur; married and deserted Ariadne; later married Phaedra.
Thisbe Beloved of Pyramus; killed herself at his death.
Thyestes Brother of Atreus; Atreus killed three of his sons and served them to him at banquet.
Tiresias Blind soothsayer of Thebes.
Tisiphone One of several Furies: Avenging spirits; Alecto, Megaera, and Tisiphone; known also as Erinyes or Eumenides.
Titans Early gods from which Olympian gods were derived; children of Uranus and Gaea.
Tithonus Mortal loved by Eos; changed into grasshopper.
Triton Demigod of sea; son of Poseidon.
Turnus King of Rutuli in Italy; betrothed to Lavinia; slain by Aeneas.
Urania One of several Muses: Goddesses presiding over arts and sciences: Calliope (epic poetry), Clio (history), Erato (lyric and love poetry), Euterpe (music), Melpomene (tragedy), Polymnia or Polyhymnia (sacred poetry), Terpsichore (choral dance and song), Thalia (comedy and bucolic poetry), Urania (astronomy); daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne.
Uranus Personification of Heaven; husband of Gaea; father of Titans; dethroned by his son Cronus.
Vertumnus Roman god of fruits and vegetables; husband of Pomona.
Winds Aeolus (keeper of winds), Boreas (Aquilo) (north wind), Eurus (east wind), Notus (Auster) (south wind), Zephyrus (Favonius) (west wind).
Zephyrus One of several Winds: Aeolus (keeper of winds), Boreas (Aquilo) (north wind), Eurus (east wind), Notus (Auster) (south wind), Zephyrus (Favonius) (west wind).
Zeus (Jupiter) Chief of Olympian gods; son of Cronus and Rhea; husband of Hera.

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