NOTES: Victoria, Marchioness of Milford Haven. Princess Victoria of Hesse and the Rhine.
NOTES: Tsar of all the Russias; Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias, Tsar of Moscow, Kiev, Vladimir, etc., etc. Forced to abdicate in March 1917 and held captive by the Bolsheviks. "Nicky" was 5'7" tall. Coronation held in the Uspensky Cathedral inside the walls of Moscow's ancient fortress, the Kremlin, on May 26, 1896. Birth date was May 6 (according to the old Russian Calander). The Romanovs were shot by Bolshevik soldiers in Ekaterinburg (now Sverdlovsk). Various versions of the event are told. Although Nicholas's English, French and German were excellent, he preferred to speak Russian. He spoke Russian to his children and wrote in Russian to his mother. Only to the Empress Alexander, whose Russian was awkward, did he speak and write in English. The Russian city of Sverdlovsk (Ekaterinburg) was the place that the U-2 pilot, Francis Gary Powers was shot down in May, 1960. Nicholas, a slavophile, preferred the term, Tsar, over Emperor (which is a far higher title).
NOTES: Tsarina of Russia. a.k.a.: Empress; Alicky; Alix of Hesse-Darmstadt; Princess of Hesse-Darmstadt; Alix Victoria Helena Louise Beatrice, Princess of Hesse-Darmstadt; Named Alix after her mother, Princess Alice of England, the third of Queen Victoria's nine children. Her mother called her, "Sunny". Alix is the closest Germanic pronunciation of Alice. Alexandra had red-gold hair. The Empress and her powerful influence on her husband may have contributed to the downfall of Imperial Russia. she seldom smiled, was deeply religious and turned to a Siberian peasant monk, Gregory Rasputin (later murdered) for spiritual consultation, primarily because of the hopelessness of her son Alexis' hemophilia. Her Russian was not very good. She was hated by the Russian Nobility and the people of Russia (who considered her too Germanic).
NOTES: Shot by Bolsheviks along with her family, the family doctor and some servants. Bodies were thrown down a mine shaft, covered with gasoline and burned. a.k.a.: Grand Duchess Olga Nicolaievna. She weighed 9 lbs. at birth. Her father was 27 and her mother only 23 at her birth.
NOTES: His Imperial Highness Alexis Nicolaievich Sovereign Heir Tsarevich, Grand Duke of Russia. He was a Hemophiliac (via his Mother from Victoria). 8 lbs. at birth.