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Bygone Stanley - The Manor Court

THE MANOR COURT

The business dealt with by this court was varied and comprehensive. It was at this court that money due to the Lord of the Manor was paid, fines imposed for the infringement of laws of the Manor. services left undone for instance and criminals who had committed serious crimes were dealt with.

Each village had to elect a Grave or Reeve to represent the people living there and it was his job to see that the land was properly cultivated. Such an office was necessary as ploughing and sowing and repairing had to be done on all strips at the same period. The fields were available for pasture after the crops had been reaped.

The post of Grave was not very popular and in 1296 Richard the Leper, after being elected Grave of Stanley, refused to do it and was fined 12/6d. A constable was appointed for Stanley to arrest those who broke the laws. Also an Ale Tester was appointed; Robert Richard being chosen in 1315. In 1332 the Ale Tester of Stanley was fined for failing to bring to court those who had brewed bad ale.

In 1317 the village of Stanley refused to help the Lord in hunting and was fined 5/0d. In 1325 the village refused to drive the King's Cavalry out of the old park and was fined 2/0d. All the tenants of the Manor were bound to take their grain to the Lord's mills to be ground into corn. The Lord kept 1/16th of the flow from August to Christmas and l/20th for the rest of the year. Some men tried to avoid sending grain to the mill by grinding it with a handmill at home but this was forbidden. In 1331 Robert De Leper of Stanley was fined 12/od after a handmill had been found in his house.

When a son occupied his deceased father's holding, he had to pay Heriot as will be seen from the following:-

In 1275 Henry, son of Robert Typot, gives 6/8d for Heriot of one missusage and 1/2 acres in Stanley after the death of Robert Typot, his father, to hold to himself and his heirs doing services there from due etc.

A parent had to pay a sum of money for daughters before they could marry. They were fined if they tried to avoid this tax.

In 1275 Christina, daughter of Richard as Kirk was deflowered without licence. Therefore she was fined 6d. In 1325 the Grave of Stanley did not present cases he should have done so the whole village of Stanley was fined. The Graveship of Stanley for concealment of merched and lochotuyte in the cases of the daughters of William Isable, Martin Dodd and Hugh Bille married without licence and deflowered, is amerced 13/4d.

(Researcher not known, but acknowledged)

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