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Bygone Stanley - Street Names

HOW SOME ROAD AND STREET NAMES ORIGINATED

LIME PIT LANE- Lime pits were worked in this area in the 18th century. The lime would originate from the Magnesium Limestone range. Its surface is a great plane rising from beneath the levels and terminating towards the west of Stanley. There were also lime pits in the Bottomboat and Lee Moor areas. The lime burnt from the laminated upper part was of great value as a manure and that from the lower or firestone part was used for building.

There is a history in all rocks. Limestone, although a rudimentary rock produced by the hardening of deposits on the sea floor, is very different in origin from sandstone and clay. It originates from the remains of sea living creatures. These remains however were ultimately derived from the land; the skeletons and shells being largely formed of calcium carbonate from the remains of older limestone beds. When pure it is perfectly white, but most of the limestone is tinted by other impurities.

ROOKS NEST ROAD- Probably named because of the rooks which made their habitat in the many trees within this area in the 19th century and before. This bird is found throughout the British Isles, typically in flocks of hundreds and in places where there is food in ploughed land and sufficient nearby trees to form their rookeries. It is a member of the crow family.

Rooks Nest House exists in this area of Stanley. It was used as a home and hospital for the mentally ill as referred to earlier.

INTAKE LANE-was probably named due to its means of access to enclosed land. The 1850 plan shows in this area one of Charleworth's Collieries' property including the Garden Gate alehouse with a road through from Lake Lock Road to Aberford Road.

LONG CAUSEWAY- The name 'causeway' is described in some dictionaries as 'a raised road across low or wet ground'. Possibly a Roman road. Roman coins were found in a nearby piece of land now known as Roman Camp Farm.

OUCHTHORPE LANE- Evidence of the Viking occupation. Named after the Viking hamlet which started here during that period of occupation and settlement. Is also referred to as 'Austrop'. There are many 'Thorpes' in the West Riding of Yorkshire.

ABERFORD ROAD- Named as such a road from Wakefield to Aberford on which there were two Toll Houses in the Stanley village. A milestone approximately 100 yards from the Bottomboat Road on the Wakefield side shows Aberford 10 miles/Wakefield 3 miles. This is shown on the 1850 plan.

LAKE LOCK ROAD- A road terminating at the end of the river after crossing the Aberford Road. It enters into Lake Lock Yard where boats were repaired and it was a loading and unloading site for river boats in medieval times. There are records which suggest that at times the River Calder was one mile wide, perhaps a little our of control due to low bankings and following heavy rain over a long period it is likely that the yard would resemble a Lake - hence Lake Lock Road.

There could have been, at some time, a lake dwelling at the edge of the river which was a prehistoric dwelling built on piles driven into the bed or shore of the lake. There are no records of this, but a possibility.

At the Lake Lock Road terminal, at the junction of Lime Pit Lane and Rooks Nest Road, the contours suggest that before there was any drainage systems, after prolonged heavy rainfall, there could well have been a temporary lake of water extending up Lime Pit Lane towards Lake Lock Road. Even now, in 1994, after heavy rain there is a large area covered with water up to 6ins deep at the Lime Pit Lane end as it enters Aberford Road.

BAKER LANE-On an 1850 plan and map of Stanley it is named 'Bread Baker Lane'. Nearby were the premises of a baker named Shackleton.

The photograph below (see last section for all photos) is of the Steam Roller used on our roadways during the early part of the 20th century. I first remember seeing this powerful machine in the early 1920's.

The steam roller locomotive would weight in excess often tons. On one occasion the driver of this machine gave my school pal and myself a short ride on it. As a young schoolboy this was a great adventure. The monstrous machine was so full of character, it was to us a living creature. The smoke bellowing out of the tall boiler chimney, and the flames from the boiler fire grate licking out through the door was like a dragon spitting out fire with smoke coming out of its nostrils. The giant flywheel was humming like a pack of humming birds and the hissing steam from its cylinder was like hissing snakes. The rattling chains for steering the machine was like the rattle of a ghost's chains straining for freedom. The crushing of the stones under the weight of the rollers made a sound like the stampede of elephants. When the machine was brought to a halt by the screw handbrake, the whole machine shuddered like a giant taking his last breath.'

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