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Translations Page

Wordlist English (Old)-English (Modern)

a = at some time, ever, sometime

abbod = abbot

abbudisse = abbess

abelgan = angry, cross

abeodan = advertise, announce, give notice, give an account, report

abidan = abide, expect, wait, await, wait for

ablawan = blow

ablendan = dazzle

ablinnan = cease, stop

aborgian = advance, lend, borrow, lend, loan

abrecan = assault, storm

abreotan = destroy, quash, kill, liquidate, slay

abreoþan = abort, fail, miscarry

abutan = about, round, around, towards

abysgian = occupy, take

ac = but

acan = ache, be painful, hurt

acennan = bear, give birth to

acennednes = birth

aceorfan = cut off

acierran = turn

acus = axe

acweccan = agitate, shake, shock, shake, quiver, shiver, tremble

acwelan = die, expire, pass away

acwellan = kill, liquidate, slay

acwencan = extinguish, put out

acweþan = speak, talk

acwielman = kill, liquidate, slay

acyþan = acquaint, let know, inform

adesa = adze

adilegian = destroy, quash

adilgian = destroy, quash

adl = ailment, disease, illness

adlig = ill, sick

adon = lay down, place, put, put down

adræfan = chase, drive, drive on, impel, shoo

adreogan = overtake, pass by

adrifan = chase away, drive away, expel

adwæscan = extinguish, put out

æ = law

æbære = open, public

aebbian = ebb

æc = also, likewise, too

æce = ache, pain

æcer = field

æcern = fruit

æcus = axe

æfæst = pious

æfnan = accomplish, achieve, attain, get, reach

æfre = always, ever

æftan = behind

æftar = behind, after

æften = evening

æftenn = evening

æfter = after, behind

æfterfylgan = chase, persecute, prosecute, pursue

æfterra = second

æftersona = afresh, again, all over again, anew, once more

æfter þam = afterwards, next, subsequently

æfter þam þe = after

æfþanca = grudge, rancour, resentment

æg = egg

ægen = own, personal

æghwa = all the, each, every, everybody, every one

æghwær = all about, everywhere

æghwæs = completely, entirely, through, at all, quite, wholly

æghwæþer = both, all the, each, every, everybody, every one

æghwilc = all the, each, every, everybody, every one

ægþer = both, all the, each, every, everybody, every one

æht = possession, property

æl = eel

ælc = all the, each, every, everybody, every one

æled = fire

ælf = elf

Ælfred = Alfred

ælfremede = alien, foreign, strange

ællmæhtig = almighty, all-powerful, omnipotent

ælmæsse = alms, charity

ælmeahtig = almighty, all-powerful, omnipotent

ælmehtig = almighty, all-powerful, omnipotent

ælmihtig = almighty, all-powerful, omnipotent

æmetig = free, unoccupied, vacant

æmette = ant, emmet

æmtig = free, unoccupied, vacant

ænig = any

ænlic = fine, great, eminent, unique

æppel = apple

æps = aspen

ær = before, in front of, ahead, formerly, previously, soon

ærcebiscop = archbishop

ærdæg = dawn, daybreak

ærende = errand, message

ærendgewrit = letter

ærgod = fine, great

ærn = house

ærnan = ride

ærs = anus, arse

ær þæm þe = before, previous to

ær þon = until, till

ær þon þe = before, previous to

æsc = ash

æsce = ash, cinder

æspe = aspen

ætiewan = indicate, point out, show

ætsamne = together

ætsittan = remain, stay, stay over

æþele = of noble birth

æþeling = prince

æw = law

æx = axe

afæran = alarm, frighten

agan = own, possess

agen = own, personal

ahreddan = keep, save, rescue

allmectig = almighty, all-powerful, omnipotent

almahtig = almighty, all-powerful, omnipotent

alor = alder

altare = altar

an = one

ancleow = ankle

and = and

andleofen = food, nourishment

andswarian = answer, reply, respond

andswaru = answer, reply

andswerian = answer, reply, respond

anfilte = anvil

anfilti = anvil

anga = sting

angel = hook

Angelcynn = England, English people

Anlaf = Olav

annes = unity

ansien = appearance, aspect, look, sight, view, face

apa = ape, monkey

apostol = apostle

ar = honor, honour

arcebiscop = archbishop

ascian = ask

asendan = send, transmit

asettan = lay down, place, put, put down

asmeagan = account, consider, esteem, regard, take into account

assa = ass, donkey

atimbran = build, construct

aþ = oath

awerian = defend

awiht = anything, something

bacan = bake

Baða = Bath

baðian = bathe

bæc = back

bæð = bath

ban = bone

bat = boat

be = according as, according to, as, by, about, concerning, on, upon

beacn = beacon

beæftan = behind

beam = tree

bean = bean

beard = beard

bearn = child, bairn, infant

bebyrgan = bury, entomb, inter

bece = beech

becn = beacon

becuman = arrive, end up, get, become, come about, grow, happen, come about, happen, occur

bed = bed

bedd = bed

befer = beaver

beforan = before, in front of

begen = both

beginnan = begin, commence, start

behat = affirmation, promise

behatan = promise

behindan = behind

beliefan = account, accredit, believe, deem

belifan = remain, stay, stay over

bellan = yell

benc = bench

Benedictus = Ben, Benedict

beo = bee

beod = table

beofor = beaver

beor = ale, beer

beorg = mountain

beorh = mountain

beorht = bright, brilliant

bera = bear

beran = carry, wear

berht = bright, brilliant

berie = berry

bete = beet

Bethleem = Bethlehem

betweonan = among, between

betweonum = among, between

bidan = abide, expect, wait, await, wait for

biddan = ask, ask for, beg, bid, request

bile = beak, bill

bill = sword, axe

bindan = bind, connect, join, tie, tie up

bio = bee

birce = birch

biscop = bishop

bitan = bite

bitela = beetle

biwist = food, nourishment

blac = black, pale, sallow

blæc = black

blæd = leaf, sheet

blæddre = bladder, bubble

blædre = bladder, bubble

blawan = blow

bledan = bleed

bletsian = bless

bletsung = blessing, boon

blew = blue

bliðe = happy, glad

blind = blind

bliss = gladness, joy

blod = blood

blu = blue

boc = book

bodian = advertise, announce, give notice

boece = beech

boga = arc, bow

borian = bore, drill

bosom = bosom

botm = bottom, foundation, ground

box = box-tree, box

braccan = fern

brad = broad

bræð = breath

brædu = width

brægen = brain

brægn = brain

bread = bread, loaf

brecan = break

brembel = blackberry

bremel = blackberry

brengan = bring, fetch

breost = bosom, breast, chest

breowan = brew

Breten = Britain, Great Britain

bringan = bring, fetch

broc = stream

broðor = brother

brom = greenweed

bru = brow, eyebrow

brun = brown

bryd = bride, fiancée

brydguma = fiancé, bridegroom

buan = dwell, live

buc = stag

bucca = he-goat

burg = fortification, city, town

burh = fortification, city, town

buta = both

butan = outside, outside of, abroad, out, outside, without

butere = butter

buton = outside, outside of, abroad, out, outside, without

butu = both

bycgan = buy, purchase, take over

byre = barrack, barn, shack, shanty, shed, cabin, hut, shack

byrgan = bury, entomb, inter

byrgen = grave, tomb

camb = comb, mountain ridge

casere = emperor

caul = cabbage

cawel = cabbage

ceald = bleak, chilly, cold

ceap = livestock, price

ceapian = buy, purchase, take over

ceapstow = market, marketplace

ceaster = city, town

ceorfan = cut, slice

ceorl = chap, guy, fellow, person

ceosan = choose, elect, pick out

ceowan = chew

ciepemann = businessman, merchant

cierr = occasion, time, chance, event, occurence, opportunity

ciese = cheese

ciest = box, chest

cild = child, bairn, infant

cinn = chin

cirice = church, church-building, house of worship, place of worship

clað = article of clothing, garment

clæfre = clover, shamrock, trefoil

clæg = clay

clæne = clean, pure

clænsian = clean, cleanse, make clean, purge

clafre = clover, shamrock, trefoil

clawu = claw

clea = claw

cleofan = split

clerc = clergyman

clif = rock

climban = climb

clipian = call, summon

cnapa = boy, lad, laddie

cneo = knee

cniht = youngster, youth

cocc = cock, rooster

col = coal

corn = grain, granule, pip

crabba = crab

cræft = ability

crawe = crow

creopan = crawl, creep

cristen = Christian

cu = cow

cudele = sepia

cugele = cowl, hood

cugle = cowl, hood

cuma = guest

cunnan = be able to

cuppe = cup

cursian = blaspheme, cuss, curse, swear

cweartern = jail, gaol, prison

cwellan = kill, liquidate, slay

cwellere = hangman, executioner

cweþan = say, tell, speak, talk

cwic = alive

cynedom = kingdom

cynelic = regal, royal

cyning = king

cynn = folk, nation, people, breed, race

cyre = choice, election

cyssan = kiss

cyte = cabin, hut, shack

dæd = accomplishment, achievement, act, action

dæg = day

dæges eage = daisy

dæl = part, piece, share, valley

dælan = divide, separate, share

dah = dough, paste

dead = dead

deað = death

deaf = deaf

deagian = colour, paint

deaw = dew

deman = judge

denn = cavity, cave, cavity

denu = valley

deofol = devil

deoful = devil

deop = deep, profound

deor = animal, beast

deorc = dark, dim

diegelnes = secret

diegol = secret

disc = dial, disc, record

docga = dog

dohtor = daughter

don = achieve, act, do, make, perform

dræfan = chase, drive, drive on, impel, shoo

drincan = drink

drugað = dryness

dryge = dry

dryhten = gentleman, lord, Mr.

dumb = dumb, mute, speechless

dun = hill

dunn = bleak, dark, dismal, dreary

duru = door

dust = dust

dweorg = dwarf, midget, pigmy

dyn = ado, din, noise

dyne = ado, din, noise

ea = river

eac = also, likewise, too

eage = eye

eagþyrel = window

eahta = eight

eahtatiene = eighteen

eal = all the, each, every, everybody, every one

eald = old

ealdor = prince, chief, boss

ealdormann = nobleman

eall = at all, entirely, quite, wholly

ealle = all

ealmæst = almost, nearly

eard = country, land

eare = ear

earm = arm, miserable, poor

earnian = earn, gain, win

earnung = compensation, reward

east = east, eastward, eastwards

eax = axis, axle

eaxl = shoulder

ebba = low tide

ebreisc = Hebrew, Jewish

ecg = border, brim, brink, edge, edging, fringe, rand, rim

elboga = elbow

elh = elk, moose

elm = elm

elnboga = elbow

ende = end, ending

endleofan = eleven

engel = angel

eorl = nobleman, chief, boss

eorþe = earth, land, soil

erian = plough

etan = eat, feed

fæder = father

fædera = uncle, paternal uncle

fæger = beautiful, fine, handsome, lovely

fægernes = beauty

færinga = all of a sudden, suddenly

færlic = abrupt, sudden

færlice = all of a sudden, suddenly

fæsten = fortification

fætt = fat, fatty, greasy

fah = adverse, hostile

fam = foam, froth

fealdan = fold

feallan = drop, fall

fearn = fern

fehtan = fight, struggle

fel = skin

feld = field

fell = skin

fenn = marsh, swamp

feoh = livestock, money

feol = file

feond = adversary, enemy

feorr = away

feower = four

feowertiene = fourteen

feowertig = forty

feran = go, travel

ferian = carry, wear

fierd = army

fierlen = distant, far, remote

fierst = period

fif = five

fiftig = fifty

findan = find

finger = finger

finn = fin

fiond = adversary, enemy

fisc = fish

flæsc = flesh, meat

flasce = bottle

flaxe = bottle

fleah = flea

flean = skin

fleax = flax

fleogan = fly

fleoge = fly, housefly

fleon = flee, run away

flod = flood, high tide

flor = floor

flota = fleet

flotian = float

flowan = flow

flyge = fly, housefly

foda = food, nourishment

folc = army, folk, nation, people

folgian = follow

for = before, in front of, journey, trip, voyage

foran = ahead, formerly, previously

forbeodan = forbid, prohibit

fordon = destroy, quash

fordyttan = close, shut

forgefan = forgive, pardon

forgetan = forget

forspillan = waste

forst = freezing cold, frost

forþ = ahead, foreward, on

for-wel = quite, very, very much

fostor = food, nourishment

fot = foot, paw

fox = fox

foxes glofa = foxglove

fram = from, out of

freo = free

freond = friend

freosan = freeze

Frigedæg = Friday

friþ = peace

frocga = frog

frogga = frog

from = by, from, of, on, since

fruma = beginning, commencement, start

fugol = bird

ful = fowl, dirty, filthy, nasty, soiled, unclean, complete, full

full = at all, entirely, quite, wholly

fultum = army

fylgan = follow

fyllan = drop, overthrow

fyr = fire

fyrhto = fright

fyrhtu = fright

fyst = fist

gaderian = collect, gather, pick up

gædrian = collect, gather, pick up

gærs = grass, herb

gæst = guest

gæt = gate, gateway, portal

gan = go, march, walk

gandra = gander

gangan = go

ganra = gander

gar = lance, spear

gast = ghost, phantom, spirit

gat = goat

ge = and

gea = yes

gear = year

gearu = finished, ready, through

geat = gate, gateway, portal

gebeorgan = conserve, keep, maintain, preserve

gebod = command, order

gebyrt = birth

gecnawan = be acquainted with, know

gecuman = come

gecynd = character, nature

gedælan = distribute, divide, separate, share

gedon = activate, cause, give rise to

gedwola = aberration, error, mistake

gefea = gladness, joy

gefeoht = action, battle, scuffle, struggle

gefyllan = accomplish, achieve, keep, observe, perform

gegan = conquer

gehrefan = roof

gehwær = all about, everywhere

gelaþian = invite

geliefan = account, accredit, believe, deem

gelome = frequently, often, regularly

gelyfan = account, accredit, believe, deem

gena = still, yet

genemnan = call

genog = enough, sufficient

genoh = enough, sufficient

geong = young

geopenian = open, open up

gescieppan = create

gesecgan = say, tell

getimbran = build, construct

geþoht = thought

geweorc = fortification

gewinnan = earn, gain, win

giefan = give

giest = guest

gif = if, provided that

gift = gift, present

glæd = bright, brilliant, cheerful, gay, merry, happy, glad

glær = amber

glæs = glass

gleo = gladness, joy

glitian = shine

glitinian = shine

glof = glove, mitten

glowan = glow, glow with heat

gnætt = gnat

gnagan = gnaw

gnyrran = crack

god = good, nice, okay, god

gold = gold

gos = goose

græg = grey

grafan = dig, grub, spade

grama = anger

granian = groan, moan

great = big, great, large

grene = green

grennian = sneer

gretan = greet, salute, attend, call on, see, visit

gripan = clutch, grab, grasp, grip, seize

griþ = peace

growan = accrue, grow

grund = ground, soil

guma = fellow, man

gyldan = gild

gylden = gold, golden

gylt = aberration, error, mistake, blame, fault, guilt

habban = have, have got

hæð = heath

hæðen = pagan

hæfen = harbor, harbour, port

hæfene = harbor, harbour, port

hægl = hail

hælan = fix, repair

hælð = health

hænep = hemp

hær = hair

hærfest = autumn

hæsel = hazel, hazel-tree

hæt = hat

hæto = heat

hætu = heat

hæþen = idolator, pagan

hafoc = hawk

hagol = hail

halig = holy, sacred

ham = home

hamm = ham

hamweard = home

han = stone

hand = hand

hara = hare

has = hoarse

hat = hot

hatian = hate

he = he, him

heafoc = hawk

heafod = head, pate

heah = high, lofty, tall

heahðu = height, altitude, height

healdan = hang onto, hold

healf = half

healm = blade, stalk, stem

healt = lame

heap = accumulation, crowd, heap, mass, multitude, pile

heard = hard

hearpe = harp

hecg = hedge

hefig = burdensome, heavy, onerous

hefon = heaven, sky

heh = high, lofty, tall

hel = hell

hela = drawers, panties, underpants

helm = helmet

helma = tiller

help = aid, help

helpan = abet, aid, assist, help, accomodate

henep = hemp

hengest = horse

henn = chicken, fowl

heo = her, she

heofon = heaven, sky

heord = are, bevy, collection, group, heap, set, flock, herd

heorð = hearth

heorte = heart

her = hair, here

here = army

hete = hate

hider = here, hither, this way

hiehðu = altitude, height

hieldan = stoop

hig = hay

hind = doe, hind

hiord = are, bevy, collection, group, heap, set, flock, herd

hlæfdige = lady, madam, Mrs.

hlaf = bread, loaf

hlaford = gentleman, lord, Mr.

hleapan = jump, leap, spring

hnesce = soft

hoc = hook

hof = hoof

hol = cave, cavity

holegn = holly

holen = holly

holh = concave, hollow

holt = forest, woods

hond = hand

hopa = hope

horn = hooter, horn, klaxon

hors = horse

hring = ring

hrof = roof

hu = as, how, like, such as

hund = hundred, one hundred, dog

hundnigontig = ninety

hungor = hunger

hunig = honey

huntian = capture, catch, grapple

hus = house, cabin, hut, shack

hvær = where

hwæþere = but, however, nevertheless, yet

hwæþre = but, however, nevertheless, yet

hwelc = as, how, like, such as

hwelchwegn = all the, each, every, everybody, every one

hwit = blank, white

hwy = why

hyd = skin

hydan = conceal, hide

hyhtan = hope

hyldan = stoop

hyll = hill

hype = hip

hyr = hire, rent, rental, rent money

hyran = hear

hyrnet = hornet

ieg = island

iegland = island

ierre = anger

iewan = indicate, point out, show

ig = island

in = a, in, inside, into, on, per, within

is = ice

lamb = lamb

land = country, land

lareow = instructor, teacher

leaf = leaf, sheet

leas = false

leod = nation

leodscipe = nation

leoht = bright, light, light

lic = body

lichoma = body

lif = life

lucan = close, shut

lufian = love

lufu = affection, love

lus = louse

lytel = diminutive, little, small

macian = achieve, act, do, make, perform

mægen = force, strength, vigour

mægþ = family, tribe

mann = man, human being, fellow

martyr = martyr

maþm = treasure

med = compensation, reward

meolc = milk

mere = pond

mete = food, nourishment

midd = average, mean, middle

middangeard = world

miht = force, strength, vigour, power

mil = mile

milde = gentle, mild

mist = fog, mist

mod = soul

modig = proud

modignes = pride

modor = mother

mona = moon

monaþ = month

morgen = morning

munuc = monk

mus = mouse

muþ = mouth

næddre = serpent, snake, adder, viper

nædre = serpent, snake, adder, viper

næfre = never

nama = appellation, name

nearu = narrow

nigon = nine

nigontiene = nineteen

niht = night

niþer = below, downstairs, underneath, down

niwe = new, novel

norðan = northern

norþ = northern, north, northward, northwards

nosu = nose

nu = at present, now

nunne = nun

nytt = advantageous, useful

of = from, of

ofer = above, over

oferwinnan = conquer

ofstlice = fast, quickly, swiftly

oft = frequently, often, regularly

ondrædan = be afraid of, fear

onfon = get, have, receive

onga = sting, arrow

ongean = across from, against, in exchange for, opposed to, opposite, upon

onlutan = bow, curtsy

onmedla = pomp, splender

onsendan = send, transmit

onstal = supply

ontendan = kindle, light

ontynan = open, open up

onweg = away

open = open

oxa = ox

papa = pope

plegian = play

preost = priest

pund = pound

ranc = proud

reafere = robber

regn = rain

regnboga = rainbow

regol = regulation, rule

restan = repose, rest

ribb = rib

rice = powerful, kingdom, affluent, rich, wealthy, well-off

ridan = ride

riht = right, righthand, justice, righteousness

rinan = rain

rod = cross

rum = chamber, room

sæ = sea

sæ-rima = coast, seaside, shore

samod = together

sand = sand

sang = song

sar = ache, pain

sarlic = painful

scaða = thief

sceaða = thief

sceap = sheep

sceotan = fire, shoot

scieran = cut, slice

scinan = shine

scip = ship, vessel

scir = district, province, region

scort = brief, short

scufan = push, thrust

sculan = have to, must, ought to, should

se = the

sealm = psalm

semninga = all of a sudden, suddenly

sendan = send, transmit

seoc = ill, sick

seofon = seven

seofontiene = seventeen

seon = see

sibb = peace

siex = six

siextiene = sixteen

siextig = sixty

silfren = silver

simle = always, ever

sincan = sink

singan = sing

sittan = sit

slæp = sleep

slæpan = be asleep, sleep

slawyrm = blindworm, slow-worm

snaw = snow

soþ = true, reality, truth

specan = speak, talk

spere = lance, spear

spræc = language, tongue

sprecan = speak, talk

springan = jump, leap, spring

stæf = letter

stan = stone

standan = stand

stede = location, place, spot

stefn = voice

stelan = steal

steorra = star

stierc = calf

stol = chair

storm = storm, tempest

stow = location, place, spot

stream = stream, river

streaw = straw

strengþu = force, strength, vigour

strong = strong

stycce = bit, lump, piece

sumor = summer

sunne = sun

sunu = son

swa = as, how, like, such as

swan = swan

swelce = as if, as though, in a way

swellan = swell

sweltan = die, expire, pass away

sweora = neck

sweord = sword

swerian = swear

swimman = float, swim

swin = hog, pig, swine

swingan = beat, hit, strike

swiþ = strong

syndrig = apart, particular, separate, special

syngian = sin, transgress

synn = sin, transgression

ta = toe

tempel = temple

teoro = tar

tid = hour, o'clock, time, while

tien = ten

tierwe = tar

tima = time, while

to = at, to, toward, towards

todæg = today

togædere = together

togædre = together

toweorpan = destroy, quash

treow = tree

tunge = tongue

tungol = heavenly body, star

twegen = two

twelf = twelve

twentig = twenty

þancian = thank

þeah = but, however, nevertheless, yet

þeah-hwæþere = but, however, nevertheless, yet

þearf = advantage, benefit

þeaw = custom, habit, way

þegen = boy, servant

þegn = boy, servant

þeod = folk, nation, people

þeodscipe = nation

þeof = thief

þeostru = darkness, murk

þeow = boy, servant

þider = that way, there, thither, yonder

þing = thing, article, object, thing

þreotiene = thirteen

þrie = three

þritig = thirty

þurfan = need, require

þusend = thousand, one thousand

uncuþ = unknown

under = below, beneath, under, underneath

undergietan = understand, realize

unrot = dismal, gaunt, miserable, sad

wac = faint, light, weak

wæpen = weapon

wæter = water

wamb = abdomen, belly, tummy

wascan = wash

weall = wall

weaxan = accrue, grow

weg = path, road, route, way

wel = okay, well

wela = prosperity, success

wenan = think

weofod = altar

weorc = accomplishment, achievement, act, action, job, work

weorpan = throw

weorþ = value, worth

weorþan = become, come about, grow, happen, come about, happen, occur

weorþmynd = honor, honour

weosend = aurochs

wepan = cry, weep

wer = fellow, man

werian = defend

werod = army, force, strength, vigour

wician = dwell, live

wicing = viking

wicu = week

wid = broad

widewe = widow

widuwe = widow

wielen = bondwoman, slave, female slave

wierþe = deserving, worthy

wif = wife, woman

wifmann = woman

wig = war

wilde = savage, wild

willa = desire, want, wish, will, willingness

willan = desire, wish, be willing to, want, wish

win = wine

wind = wind

winnan = fight, struggle

winter = winter

wisian = conduct, direct, guide, head, lead

witan = know, know how

wite = punishment

witega = prophet

witodlice = certainly

wiþ = with

wlite = beauty

wlitig = beautiful, fine, handsome, lovely

wod = furious

Woden = Wodan, Woden

wolcen = cloud, heaven, sky

word = word

worþig = plaza, square, public square, street

woruld = world

writan = write

writere = author, writer

wulf = wolf

wund = injury, wound

wundian = hurt, wound

wundor = miracle

wynn = gladness, joy

wyrdan = damage, injure, spoil

wyrm = serpent, snake, worm

wyrt = vegetable

yfel = bad, miserable, nasty, poor

ymbhwyrft = surroundings

ymbsettan = surround

yrre = angry, cross


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This page (oldeng.html) was last modified on Sunday 27/01/2013