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Translations Page

Wordlist Spanish-English (Modern)

a = at, to, toward, towards, a, in, inside, into, on, per, within

abad = abbot, abbot, archimandrite

abadesa = abbess

abadía = abbey

abajo = below, downstairs, underneath, below, underneath

abandonar = cede, give in, give up, give way, relinquish, yield, abandon, forsake, desert, leave, quit

abastacimiento = catering, catering

abatido = dejected, depressed

abdicar = abdicate, resign

abecé = ABC, alphabet, elements, rudiments, alphabet

abedul = birch

abeja = bee

abeto = fir

abierto = open, open

abismo = abyss, chasm, gulf, precipice

abjurar = abjure, forswear, swear off, renounce

abogado = advocate, barrister, counsel, intercessor, lawyer, solicitor

abolas = bearing

abolición = abolition, abrogation, abolition, abrogation, abolition

abolir = abolish, abrogate, abolish, abrogate, do away with, get rid of, remove

abominable = abhorrent, abominable, alien, awful, hideous, horrible, gruesome

abonado = subscriber

abonar = fertilize

abonarse = subscribe, subscribe to

abono = subscription, dressing, fertilization, manuring

abordaje = collision

abordar = land, collide with, crash into

a bordo = aboard

aborto = abortion, abortion, failure, miscarriage

abrazar = embrace, embrace, hug

abrelatas = can opener, tin-opener

abreviación = abbreviation

abreviar = abbreviate, abridge, shorten

abreviatura = abbreviation

abridor de tapones = bottle opener

abrigo = cloak, mantle, coat, overcoat, coat, overcoat

abril = April

abrir = open, open up

abrogar = abolish, abrogate, abolish, abrogate, do away with, get rid of, remove

absceso = abscess, abscess

absoluto = absolute

absorber = absorb

abstinencia = teetotalism, total abstinence

abuela = grandmother

abuelo = grandfather

aburrido = boring, stodgy, boring, stodgy, tiresome

aburrir = bore

acabado = finishing off, completed, done, finished, over, through

acabar = finish, work out, accomodate, end, finish, terminate, finish, use up, use up, waste

academia = academy

acampar = camp, be encamped, lie encamped, camp out

acariciar = caress, chuck, fondle, stroke

acaso = accidence, chance, hazard

accidente = accident

acción = action, activity, achievement, act, action, share, accomplishment, achievement, act, action

accionista = shareholder

acechar = set a trap, set a trap for

aceite = oil

aceite de oliva = oil of olives, olive-oil

aceituna = olive

acelerador = accelerator, accelerator pedal, accelerator, accelerator pedal

acento = accent, stress, accent, accent mark, supersign

acentuar = accent, accentuate, stress

aceptable = acceptable, acceptable

aceptación = acceptance, admission

aceptar = accept, receive, take, take in

acera = pavement, sidewalk

acercarse = advance, come close, come closer, come on

acero = steel

acertar = catch, hit, run across, strike

acidez de estómago = heartburn

acoger = greet, salute

acogida = greeting, salutation

acometer = commit aggression, assault, attack, assault, violate

acometida = access, aggression, attack

acomodado = in easy circumstances, well-to-do

acomodar = accommodate, adapt, adjust, attune, fix, fit, mount, place, tune, accomodate

acompañamiento = accompaniment, escort

acompañar = accompany

aconsejar = advise, counsel

acontecer = become, come about, grow, happen, come about, happen, occur

acontecimiento = chance, event, occurence, opportunity

acordar = accede, agree, consent

acordarse = think

acorde = accord, accordance, agreement, concurrence, accord, accordance, agreement, concurrence, concord

acordeón = accordion

acortar = abbreviate, abridge, shorten

acostar = put to bed

acostarse = go to bed

acostumbrarse = accustom oneself, get used

acta = act, certificate, diploma, document

activo = active, active, in action, assets, active, hardworking, transitive

actor = actor

actriz = actress

actual = current, present, present-day, topical, up-to-date

actualmente = at present, now

a cuadros = checked, chequered

acuarela = water-colour

acuario = aquarium

acuerdo = accord, accordance, agreement, concurrence, accord, accordance, agreement, concurrence, accommodation, adjustment, arrangement, accommodation, accord, agreement

acumulador = accumulator, battery, storage battery

acusación = accusal, accusation, accusation, accusal, accusation, charge, complaint, indictment

acusado = accused, defendant, accused, defendant

acusar = accuse, accuse, denounce, accuse

achicoria = chicory

Adán = Adam

adaptar = accommodate, adapt, adjust, attune, fix, fit, mount, place, tune, accomodate, affiliate

adelantar = overhaul, overtake, pass, overhaul, overtake, pass

adelante = ahead, foreward, on

adelgazar = fall away, lose, lose flesh, lose in weight

además = besides, in addition, moreover, besides, in addition, moreover

además de = apart from, besides, except, except for

adiestrar = tame, train, break

adiós = adieu, farewell, bye, goodbye

adivinar = guess

adjetivo = adjective

administración = administration, management, administration, management, administration, management

administración del Sacramento = administration of the last sacraments

administrador = manager, administrator

administrar = administer, manage

admirar = admire

admisible = acceptable, acceptable

admitir = accept, receive, take, take in

adoptar = adopt

adoptivo = adopted

adoración = adoration, worship, adoration, worship

adorar = adore, worship

adornado = adorned

adquisición = accession, acquisition, gain, accession, acquisition, asset, acquisition, buy, purchase, taking over

aduana = customs

adular = flatter

adverbio = adverb

advertidor de incendios = fire-alarm, firecall

adyacente = adjacent, adjacent, adjoining, adjacent, nearby, neighbouring

aeroplano = aeroplane, airplane, plane

aeropuerto = aerodrome, airdrome, airfield, airport, airport

aeróstato = balloon, air-balloon, balloon

a eso de = about, approximately

afable = lovable

afán = attempt, effort, efforts, effort, tension

afectación = affectation, affectation

afectar = affect

afectuosidad = adherence, attachment, adherence, affection, attachment, attachement, attachment

afectuoso = affectionate, devoted, selfless, devoted, selfless

afeitar = shave

aficionado = amateur, fancier, dabbler, dilettante

afilado = abrasive, acerbic, acid, acrid, acrimonious, acute, lurid, sharp

afligido = sad, bleak, dismal, dreary, gaunt, miserable, sad, somber, dismal, gaunt, miserable, sad

afligir = afflict, grieve, afflict, cause pain, cause pain to, distress, give pain to

África = Africa

África del Sur = South Africa

africana = African woman

africano = African, African

agarrar = grasp, clutch, grapple

ágata = agate

agencia = agency

agencia de viaje = tourist agency, travel agency

agenda = agenda, appointment book

agente = agent

ágil = adroit, clever, dexterous, skillful

agilidad = expertness, skilfulness, skill, skillfulness

agosto = August

agotado = exhausted, tired out, worn out

agradable = agreeable, enjoyable, lovely, nice, pleasant, comfortable, pleasing

agradar = please

agradecer = thank

agrado = pleasure

agrario = agrarian, agricultural, farm-

agresión = access, aggression, attack, assault

agresor = aggressor, assailant, attacker

agridulce = sweet-and-sour

agrio = acetous, acid, sour, tart, acid

agua = water

agua dolce = fresh water

agua dulce = fresh water

agua potable = drinking-water

aguardar = bide, abide, stay for, wait, await, wait for

aguas = spa

agudo = abrasive, acerbic, acid, acrid, acrimonious, acute, lurid, sharp, acute

agüero = indication, omen, portent, precursor, presage, sign, indication, omen, presage, portent, sign

aguijón = sting

águila = eagle

aguja = needle

agujero = hole

ah = ah, aha, oh

ahogarse = drown

ahora = at present, now, currently, nowadays, these days

ahora mismo = at once, immediately, just, right away, right now

ahumado = smoked

a instancias de = at the instance of

aire = air

aire acondicionado = air conditioning, air conditioning

aislado = remote

aislamiento = insulation, isolation, isolation, separation

ají = chilli

ajuar = furniture

ajustar = make a contract, adjust

ala = wing

alabar = commend, laud, praise

a la cubana = in the Cuban way

a la izquierda = on the left

alambre = wire, wire, iron wire

álamo = poplar

alargar = give, hand, hand over, extend, strech out, pass, spend, lengthen, convey, hand, hand over, pass

alarma = alarm

albaricoque = apricot

albaricoquero = apricot-tree

albergue = hostel, inn

albergue juvenil = youth hostel

álbum = album

alcachofa = artichoke

alcade = mayor, burgomaster, mayor, provost

alcanzable = accessible

alcanzar = achieve, acquire, attain, get, obtain, accomplish, achieve, attain, get, reach

alcázar = fortification

alcohol = alcohol, booze, liquor, spirits, strong drink, alcohol

alcohol de quemar = methylated spirit

al contrario = reverse, reversed

Alcorán = Koran

aldea = village

al día = a day

al dorso = at the back, behind

alegre = happy, glad

alegría = gladness, joy

Alejandro = Alexander

alemán = German, German, German language, German

alemana = German, German woman

Alemania = Germany

alentar = encourage

aleta = fin

alfabeto = ABC, alphabet, elements, rudiments, alphabet

alfiler = pin, needle

al fin = at last, finally, ultimately

alfombra = carpet

álgebra = algebra

algo = anything, something

algodón = cotton, cotton

alguien = a, any, anybody, some, somebody, one, someone, some one

alguno = a, any, anybody, some, somebody, one, someone, some one

alhaja = adornment, decoration, ornament, adornment, ornament

aliento = breath

alimentar = feed, nourish

alimento = food, nourishment

alistar = recruit, recruit

alma = soul

almacén = warehouse

almanaque = almanac

almeja = mussel

almendra = almond

al menos = at least

almíbar = syrup

almirante = admiral

al mismo tiempo = at the same time

almohada = pillow, cushion

almorzar = lunch

almorranas = haemorhoids

almuerzo = lunch, snack

al norte de = above

alojamiento = accommodation

alojarse = be a guest of, stay with, be on a visit, stay, stop

a lo largo de = along, through

a lo menos = at least, at least

alondra = lark

Alpes = Alps

al presente = currently, nowadays, these days

al principio = first, firstly, first of all

alquilado = hired out

alquilar = let, hire, let, rent out

alquitrán = tar

alrededor de = about, round, around, towards

alrededores = environment, environs, surroundings

al revés = reverse, reversed, vice-versa

Alsacia = Alsace, Elsass

altar = altar

alternar = alternate

alternativa = alternation

altitud = altitude, height

alto = contralto, contralto voice, high, lofty, tall, loud

altura = height

altura barométrica = barometer reading, height of the barometer

alumbrado = lighting

alumbrar = illuminate, light

alumbre = alum

aluminio = aluminium, aluminum

al la derecha = on the right

amable = affable, friendly, good-natured, kind, dainty, kind, nice, pretty, lovable

amainar = abate, weaken, abate, decrease, diminish, drop, fall

amanecer = dawn, daybreak

amar = love

amargo = acerbic, bitter, acerbic, bitter

amarillo = yellow, yellow

amarradero = landing-stage, pier

amasadura = massage

amazona = Amazon

ámbar amarillo = amber

Amberes = Antwerp

ambos = both

ambulancia = ambulance

amén = amen

amenaza = menace, threat

amenazar = menace, threaten

amén de = apart from, besides, except, except for

a menudo = frequently, often, regularly

América = America, America

América del Sur = South America

América meridional = South America

americana = jacket, American woman

americano = American, American, American, American, US citizen

América septentrional = North America

amerindio = Indian, American Indian

amianto = asbestos

amiga = friend

amigo = friend

amistad = friendship

amnistía = act of grace, amnesty

amo = boss, chief, leader, chief, boss

amojonar = mark out, trace, trace out

amoníaco = ammonia

amor = affection, love

amortiguador = shock-absorber

amortización = redemption

amortizar = amortize, deaden, pay off, redeem

ampliación = aggrandizement, enlargement, increase, enlargement, increase

ampolla = bulb, blister, blister

amputar = amputate

Amsterdam = Amsterdam

anales = annals

analfabeto = illiterate

ananás = pineapple

anatema = anathema, ban, excommunication, anathema, ban, excommunication

ancas de rana = frog's legs

anciano = old

ancla = anchor

anclar = anchor

anchas = comfort

ancho = broad

anchoa = anchovy

anchura = width, width

Andalucía = Andalusia, Andalusia

andar = march, walk

andas = litter, strecher

andén = platform, quay, wharf

Andorra = Andorra

anécdota = anecdote

anexar = annex

anexión = annexation

anexionar = annex

anguila = eel

ángulo = angle

angustia = agony, anguish, fear, fright

angustioso = afraid, fearful

anillo = ring

animación = encouragement

animal = animal, animal, beast

animar = encourage, impel, instigate, spur on, stimulate, urge, encourage, cheer, fire, inspire, stimulate, fan, fire, inspire, stimulate, stir up, urge on, rouse, stimulate, stir up

anís = anise

ano = anus, arse

anoche = last night

anonchecer = dusk, dusk, twilight

anónimo = anonymous, anonymous, nameless, without a name

anormal = abnormal, abnormal, abnormal, abnormal

anotación = annotation, note

anotar = note, make a note, write down

anteayer = the day before yesterday

antebrazo = lower-arm

antecedente = antecedent, antecedent

antena = aerial, antenna

anteriormente = ahead, formerly, previously

antes = before, in front of, first, firstly, first of all

antes de que = before, previous to

anticongelante = antifreeze

antideslizante = non-skid

antigüedad = antiquity

antiguo = ancient, antique

Antillas = Antilles

antiséptico = antiseptic, antiseptic, antiseptic

anualidad = instalment, repayment

anualmente = annual, yearly

anudar = tie on

anular = cancel, countermand, abjure, abolish, abrogate, annul, cancel, remit

Anunciación = Annunciation, Lady Day

anunciar = advertise, announce, give notice, advise, counsel, notify

anuncio = announcement, notification, notice, ad, advertisement, notification, notice

anzuelo = hook

año = year

año bisiesto = leap-year

año nuevo = New Year's Day

apagar = extinguish, put out

aparador = chest, dresser

aparador de cocina = dresser

aparato = apparatus, device, set

aparato para sordos = hearing aid, hearing aid

aparcamiento = parking garage, car park, lay-by, parking bay, parking garage, parking place

aparcamiento de taxis = cab-stand

aparecer = appear, emerge, perform

apariencia = appearance

apartado = paragraph, remote

apartamento = apartment, flat

apartar = divide, separate, turn away

aparte = apart, particular, separate, special, apart, separately

apelación = appeal

apellido = surname

apenas = barely, hardly, only just, scarcely

apéndice = accessory, side-issue, addition, adjunct, appendix

aperitivo = dram, nip, peg, snifter, snorter

apestar = reek, smell, smell bad, stink, reek, smell bad, stink

apetito = appetite

apio = celery, turnip-rooted celery

aplaudir = acclaim, applaud, clap

aplauso = acclaim, acclamation, approval

Apocalipsis = Apocalypse

apócrifo = apocryphal

apoplejía = fit, apoplectic fit, seizure, stroke, stroke of apoplexy

aporrear = thrash

apostar = bet, wager

apóstata = apostate

apostatar = apostatize

apóstol = apostle

apoyarse = lean

aprender = learn

apresurarse = go fast, hurry, rush, hurry, rush, hurry

apretar = press, oppress, squeeze, fasten, tighten, turn, turn on

a propósito = by the way

aprovechar = avail, make use of, turn to good account, utilize

aprovecharse = profit

aprovisionamiento = arrival, arrivals, supply, arrival, arrivals, supply

apróximadamente = about, approximately

aproximarse = advance, come close, come closer, come on

apuntar = note, make a note, write down

apunte = grade, note

a que = until, till

aquí = here

Aquisgrán = Aix-la-Chapelle

árabe = Arabian, Arabic, Arab

arabesco = arabesque

Arabia = Arabia, Arabia

arado = plough

araña = spider

árbol = tree

arbusto = bush, shrub

arca = ark, box, chest

arcilla = clay

arco iris = rainbow

archi- = arch-, chief-

archiduque = archduke, archduke

archipiélago = archipelago, archipelago, archipelago

archivero = archivist, keeper of the records, archivist, keeper of the records

archivista = archivist, keeper of the records, archivist, keeper of the records

archivo = archive, archive, archives, files, records

arder = burn

ardilla = squirrel

arena = arena, sand

arenas movedizas = quicksand, quicksands, quicksand, quicksands

arenque = herring

arenque ahumado = red herring

Argel = Algiers

argelina = Algerian woman

argelino = Algerian, Algerian

argentina = Argentinian woman

argentino = Argentine, Argentinean, Argentine

argumento = argument, plea

árido = barren, dreary

aristócrata = aristocrat

Arizona = Arizona

arma = weapon

armar = arm

armario = cabinet, closet, cupboard, sideboard

armario para libros = bookcase

armario ropero = clothes-press, wardrobe

arquitecto = architect, architect

arte = art

arteria = artery

artesanía = handiwork

artículo = article, commodity, article, article

artículo determinado = definite article

artículos de cuero = leather goods

artificial = artificial

artillería = artillery

artillero = artilleryman, gunner, artilleryman, gunner

artista = artist

artístico = artistic

Aruba = Aruba

arzo- = arch-, chief-

arzobispado = archbishopric

arzobispo = archbishop, archbishop

arrancar = pick, pluck, tear off, put on, start, switch on, turn on, start running, extort, wrest, wring, abstract, take away, start

arranque = run

arreglar = arrange, put in order, tidy

arreglo = accommodation, adjustment, arrangement, accommodation, accord, agreement

arrendar = hire

arrepentimiento = repentance

arrestar = arrest

arresto = apprehension, arrest, detention, apprehension, arrest, detention

arriba = above, on top, overhead, upstairs

arriesgado = adventurous, hazardous, risky

arriesgar = hazard, risk, venture

arrodillarse = kneel, kneel, kneel, kneel

arrogante = arrogant, arrogant, arrogant, arrogant

arrojar = result

arromar = blunt

arroyo = stream, brook, stream

arroz = rice

arruinar = ruin

arrurruz = curry

as = ace

a saber = that is

asado = roasted

asalter = assault, violate

asar = roast, toast

ascender = ascend, climb, scale

ascender a = amount to

Ascensión = Ascension Day

ascensor = elevator, lift

asediar = besiege

asedio = siege

asegurador = insurer

asegurar = insure, affirm, assure

asentir = affirm, assent, say yes

asfalto = asphalt

así = so, such, thus

Asia = Asia

Asia Menor = Asia Minor

así así = so so

asiático = Asian, Asiatic, Asian

así como = and also, and ... as well, as well as, together with, and also, and ... as well, as well as, together with

asiento = seat

asilo = asylum

asir = clutch, grab, grasp, grip, seize, clutch, grapple, capture, catch, grapple

asistencias = alimony

asistente = aid, assistant, helper

asma = asthma, shortness of breath, wheeziness

asombrar = amaze

asombrarse = marvel, marvel at, wonder

aspecto = appearance, aspect, look, sight, view, exterior

áspero = coarse, rough, severe, strict

áspid = adder, viper

aspirina = aspirin

aster = aster

astilla = splinter, splinter

astrigente antidiárrico = adstringent, adstringent, adstringent

astrólogo = astrologer

astronauta = astronaut, spaceman

astucia = snare, craft, craftiness, cunning, guile

Asturias = Asturias, Asturias

astuto = insidious, malicious, mischievous, nasty, vicious

asumir = guess, presume, suppose, surmise

asunto = affair, business, business deal, case, matter

a su salud = cheers, good health

atacador = aggressor, assailant, attacker

atacar = commit aggression, assault, attack

ataque = access, aggression, attack, assault

Atenas = Athena, Athene, Athens, Athens

atención = acuity, advertence, advertency, attention

atender = advert, pay attention, pay attention to, watch out for

atender a = advert, pay attention, pay attention to, watch out for, look after

atentado = assault

atento = attentive, attentive

aterrizaje = landing

aterrizar = land

a tiempo = at the right time, in time

a título de = as, how, like, such as

atlántico = Atlantic

atleta = athlete

atlético = athletic

atletismo = athletics

atmósfera = atmosphere

atmosférico = atmospheric

atomización = fission

átomo = atom

atornillar = screw

atracar = land

atractivo = attractive

atraer = attract, draw, attract

atrás = at the back, behind, in the rear, behind, backward, backwards, backwards, back, backwards

atrasado = backward, mentally deficient, retarded

atrasarse = be late

atrasos = arrears

atravesar = cross, go beyond, transfer, go beyond

a través de = across, beyond, on the other side of

atrayente = attractive

atreverse = be bold, dare

atropallamiento = collision

atropellar = collide, run

atún = tuna, tuna-fish, tunny

aturdir = drug, drug, intoxicate, stun, stupefy

audiencia = audience

aula magna = auditorium

aumentar = accrue, grow, increase, freshen, accrue, increase

aumento = accretion, growth

aún = still, yet

aunque = though, although

ausencia = absence

ausente = absent, absent, absent

Australia = Australia

australiano = Australian

Austria = Austria

austriaco = Austrian, Austrian

autobús = bus, autobus, omnibus

autócrata = absolute ruler, autocrat

autoestrada = motor road, motorway, motor road, motorway

automático = automatic, automoton

automóvil = automobile, car, motor car

autónomo = autonomic, autonomous

autopista = motor road, motorway, motor road, motorway

autor = author, author, writer

autoridad = authority

autorización = authorization

autovía = motorway, super highway, turnpike

avalancha = avalanche

ave = bird

a veces = several times, sometimes

avellana = hazelnut

avena = oats

avenida = avenue

aventajar = exceed, surpass

aventura = adventure

aventurero = adventurous, adventurous, adventurer

avergonzarse = be ashamed

avería = damage

averia = brakedown

aversión = abhorrence, abomination, horror, aversion, dislike, disgust, nausea

aves = birds, fowl, poultry

avestruz = ostrich

aviación = aeronautics, aviation

ávido = acquisitive, eager, greedy

avión = aeroplane, airplane, plane, aircraft

avisar = caution, warn

aviso = warning, notification, notice

avispa = wasp

axioma = axiom

ay = ah, oh, ow, woe

ayer = yesterday

ayuda = aid, help, aid, help

ayudante = adjutant, aide-de-camp, aid, assistant, helper

ayudar = accomodate, aid, assist, help

ayunar = fast

ayuntamiento = town-hall, city hall, town hall

azada = hoe

azafata = stewardess

azteca = Aztec

azúcar = sugar

azucarero = sugar-bowl, sugarbowl

azul = blue, sky blue

azulejo = tile

babero = bib

babor = port side

babosa = slug

bacalao = cod, codfish

bacteria = bacterium

bache = pole, cavity, cave, cavity

badajo = clapper

bagatela = trifle

bagazo = bagasse

bahía = bay

bailar = dance

bailarín de ballet = ballet dancer

baile = ball, dance, dance

baja = abatement, decay

bajamar = low tide

bajar = descend, go down, get out, descend, go down, decrease, lower, descend, get off, go down, discount, rebate

bajo = bass, bass voice, low

bajorrelieve = bas-relief, low relief

bala = bale

balance = balance sheet

balancear = rock, swing, balance, poise

balanza = scales

balaustrada = balustrade, banisters, parapet, railing

balcón = balcony

baliza = buoy, beacon

Balkanes = Balkans

balneario = spa

baloncesto = basketball

balotaje = ballot, balloting, voting by ballot

balotar = vote

bálsamo = balm, balsam

báltico = Baltic

ballena = baleen, whalebone, whale, baleen, whalebone, busk, steel

ballet = ballet, ballet

bambú = bamboo

bancarrota quiebra = bankruptcy, failure

banco = bank, bench

bandeja = tray

bandera = banner, flag, flag, standard

bandido = bandit

banquero = banker, bank manager, banker

banquete = banquet, banquet, feast

bañador = swimming trunks

bañar = bathe

bañarse = bathe, have a bath

bañero = bath superintendant, baths superintendant

baño = bath, bath

bar = buffet, bar, pub

baranda = border, brim, brink, edge, edging, fringe, rand, rim

barato = cheap, inexpensive

barba = beard, chin

bárbaro = barbaric, barbarian

barbero = barber, barber, barber

barco = bark, barque, boat, ship, vessel

barco de remos = row-boat, rowing-boat

barco de vapor = steamship

barítono = baritone

barman = barman, bartender

barómetro = barometer

barón = baron

baronesa = baroness

barraca = barrack, barn, shack, shanty, shed

barra de chocolate = bar of chocolate

barrena = bore

barrendero = sweeper

barrer = sweep

barricada = barricade

barrio = district, neighbourhood, quarter

barrio bajo = back street, slum

barro = mud, mud, slime

basalto = basalt, whimstone

basar = base

base = base, basis

bastante = a little, rather, some, somewhat, to some extent, rather, enough, sufficient, enough, quite, rather, sufficiently

bastar = suffice

bastardo = bastard

bastidor = flat

basurero = dump, refuse dump, tip, rubbish tip, dump, refuse dump, tip, rubbish tip

bata = négligé, undress

batalla = action, battle, scuffle, struggle

batallón = battalion

batata = sweet potato, yam

batería = battery, battery

batista = batiste, cambric, lawn

baúl = trunk

baya = berry

bayeta = baize

bazar = bazaar, fair, market, bazaar

bázico = basic

bebé = baby, baby

beber = drink

bebida = beverage, drink

beige = beige

belga = Belgian, Belgian, Belgian woman, Belgian

Bélgica = Belgium, Belgium

belleza = beauty

bencina = gasolene, gasoline, petrol

Bengala = Bengal, Bengal

berenjena = aubergine, brinjal, eggfruit, eggplant

Berlín = Berlin

besar = kiss

beso = kiss

bestia = animal, beast

bestial = beastly, bestial

Biblia = Bible

biblioteca = library

bicarbonato = bicarbonate of soda

bicicleta = bike, cycle, bicycle, bike, bicycle

bien = okay, well

bienvenida = welcome

bife = steak, beefsteak

biftec = steak, beefsteak

bigote = moustache

bigoti = moustache

bilis = bile, gall

billete = bill, ticket, note

billete de banco = bank note, banknote, bank-note

billete de entrada = admission ticket

billete de equipaje = luggage ticket

billete de ida y vuelta = return-ticket

billete del tren = railway ticket, train ticket

billete de viaje = ticket

billete por un día = day-ticket

biquini = bikini

birrete = beret, cap

bisnieta = greatgranddaughter

bisnieto = greatgrandson

bisté = steak, beefsteak

bistec = steak, beefsteak

bizcocho = bicuit, biscuit, cookie

Blanca-Nieve = Little Snow White

blanco = blank, white, white

bloc de notas = notepad, notepad, notepad

bloque = block, pad

blusa = blouse

boca = mouth, mouth

boca arriba = backward, on one's back, backwards

bocadillo = roll, sandwich

bocina = hooter, hooter, horn, klaxon

boda = wedding, wedding-party, wedding, wedding-party

boina = beret

bola = chunk, clod, lump, bullet

bolígrafo = ballpoint pen

Bolivia = Bolivia

bolsa = hand-bag

bolsa de trabajo = employment exchange, labor exchange, labour exchange

bolsa para bicicletas = cycle-bag

bolsa para señoras = lady's bag, vanity bag

bolso = bag, sack

bomba = bomb, pump

bomba atómica = atom bomb

bomba incendiaria = incendiary bomb

bombón = bonbon, bon-bon

bondad = goodness

boniato = sweet potato, yam

bonito = affable, friendly, good-natured, kind, beautiful, fine, handsome, lovely, nice, delightful, lovely, charming, lovely

borde = border, brim, brink, edge, edging, fringe, rim

borracho = drunk, intoxicated

bosque = forest, woods

bota = boot

bota de montaña = mountaineering boot

botella = bottle

botella de gas = gas cannister, gas cylinder

botica = chemist's shop, drugstore

boticario = chemist

botón = button, button

botón de presión = push-button

boxeador = boxer

boya = buoy

braguitas = briefs

branquia = gill

Brasil = Brazil

brasileña = Brazilian woman

brasileño = Brazilian, Brazilian

bravo = brave, courageous, valiant

brazalete = bracelet, bracelet

brazo = arm, arm

brema = bream

brezal = heath

brillar = shine

británico = British

britano = Briton

brocha de afeitar = shaving-brush

broma = gag, joke

bromear = jest, joke

bronco = abrupt, brutal, gruff, harsh, rough, sour, surly, unkind, unpleasant

brújula = compass

brumoso = fuzzy, misty

brusco = abrupt

Bruselas = Brussels

brusko = brutal, gruff, harsh, rough, sour, surly, unkind, unpleasant

bucear = dive, plunge, dive, sink

buenas noches = good night

buenas tardes = good evening

bueno = good, nice, okay

buenos días = good morning, good day

buey = ox

búfalo = buffalo

buho = owl

bujía = plug, spark plug

bula = indulgence

búlgara = Bulgarian woman

Bulgaria = Bulgaria

búlgaro = Bulgarian, Bulgar, Bulgarian

burdel = brothel

Burdeos = Bordeaux

burla = gag, joke

burro = ass, donkey

buscar = fetch, get, pick up, get, lay hold of, pick up, take, look for, seek

butaca = armchair

butifarra de hígado = liver sausage

buzón = letterbox, mailbox

cabal = absolute, complete, entire, overall, whole

caballería = cavalry

caballero = cavalier, knight, gentleman, lord, Mr.

caballo = horse

caballo padre = stallion

caballos = horsepower, horsepower

cabana = cabin, hut, shack

cabarét = cabaret

cabeza = head, pate, head, pate

cabina = bathing box, bathing box, barn, shed, stand

cabina telefónica = call box, telephone kiosk, phone booth, telephone booth

cable = cable

cable de remolque = towing-line

cabra = goat

cabrón = he-goat

cacahué = peanut

cacahuete = peanut

cacao = cocoa

cacerola = casserole, saucepan

cacto = cactus

cada = all the, each, every, everybody, every one

cada uno = all the, each, every, everybody, every one

cada vez = each time, every time

cadena = chain

cadena antideslizante = non-skid chain

cadera = hip

caer = drop, fall

caer enfermo = be taken ill, fall ill

café = café, coffee-house

cafetera = coffee-pot, coffee-pot

cafetería = cafetaria

caja = cashier's stand, fund, money box, money-box, till, box, chest, box, jug, box, container, vessel

caja de cambios = gear-box, gear-case, gear-box, gear-case

cal = lime

calabacín = courgette, zucchini

calabaza = calabash, gourd

calamar = sepia

calcetín = sock

calcular = calculate, count, figure, work out

caldo = bouillon

calefacción = heating

calefacción central = central heating

calendario = almanac

calentar = heat, stoke

calidad = property, quality

caliente = warm, hot

cáliz = goblet

calmar = appease, calm, quiet, soothe, still

calmarse = abate, subside, calm down

calor = heat

caloría = calorie

calumniar = slander

calzador = shoe-horn, shoe-lift

calzoncillos = drawers, panties, underpants

callarse = be quiet

calle = street

calleja = alley, lane

callo = corn

cama = sleeping-accomodation, sleeping-place, bed

cama de matrimonio = double bed

cámara = camera, camera

cámara de aire = inner tube, tube

cámara de películas = camera

camarera = dressing-gown, waitress, dressing-gown

camarero = waiter

camarote = cabin

cambiar = interchange, swap, vary, change, turn

cambio = variety, change

camello = camel

camilla = litter, strecher

camino = path, road, way, road, route, way

camino sin salida = blind alley, cul-de-sac

camión = lorry, truck, lorry, truck

camisa = shirt

camisa de deporte = sports shirt

camiseta = shirt

camisón = night-shirt

camita = bedstead

camita de niño = child's bed, cot

camote = sweet potato, yam

campamento = camping ground, camping site, camp of tents, tented camp

campana = hood, suction apparatus

campanilla = bell, bell, blister

campesino = farmer

camping = camping ground, camping site

campo = field, country, countryside, field, field

campo deportivo = sports ground

campo santo = cemetery, God's acre, graveyard

Canadá = Canada, Canada

canal = canal, channel

canapé = couch, sofa

canario = Canary

canción = song

Candelaria = Candlemas

candelero = candlestick

cándido = guileless, inoffensive

cangrejo = crayfish, crab

cansado = tired

cansar = fag out, jade, overdrive, override

cantábrico = Cantabrian

cantar = sing

cantidad = quantity, amount, sum

cantor = singer

cantora = singer, female singer

caña = fishing rod

caña de pescar = fishing rod, fishing rod

caos = chaos, tangle

caótico = chaotic

capacidad = ability, aptitude, disposition, talent, ability, capability, fitness, suitability

capaz = able, capable

capital = capital, metropolis, capital, capital city, metropolis

capitán = boss, chief, leader, chief, boss

capitanear = govern, head up, restrain, command, be in command, order

capitular = capitulate, surrender

capot = bonnet, hood

cápsula = capsule, firing-cap

cara = face

caracol = snail

carbón = charcoal, charcoal

carburador = carburettor

cardo = thisle

carga = burden, charge, load

cargar = burden, load

cargo = accusal, accusation, accusation, function, accusal, accusation, charge, complaint, indictment, function, job, office, post

caricia = caress, chuck, stroke

carnada = bait

carnaval = carnival

carne = flesh, meat

carné = attempt, test

carne de cerdo = pork

carne de cordero = lamb

carne de ternera = veal

carne de vaca = beef

carne picada = minced meat

carnero = ram, tup, mutton

carne salada = salt meat, salted meat

carnestolendas = carnival

carnet = notebook, attempt, test

carnet de conducir = driving-licence

carnicería = butcher's shop, butcher's shop

carnicero = butcher

caro = costly, dear, expensive, pricey

carta = letter

carta aérea = air letter, aerogramme

cartearse = correspond

cartel = notice, placard, poster

cartera = wallet, briefcase, file

cartero = postman

carrera = career

carrete = film

carrete de rueda = hub, nave

carretera = motor road, motorway, motor road, motorway

carretera principal = major road, major road

carretera resbaladiza = danger of skidding

carretera secundaria = by-way, side-way

carro = cart, chariot

carrocería = body, coach-work

carroña = carrion

casa = house, house

casada = married

casa de huéspedes = boarding house, boarding school

casado = married

casarse = marry, be married, get married, marry, be married, get married, marry, be married, get married

cascada = waterfall, waterfall

cascajo = broken stones, chippings, road-metal, rubble, stone-chippings

cáscara = bark, husk, peel, shell

casi = almost, nearly

caso = affair, case, matter

caspa = dandruff

castaña = chestnut, horse-chestnut

castaño = chestnut-tree, chestnut-tree

castellano = Castillian

castigar = punish

castigo = redemption, punishment

Castilla = Castile, Castile

castillo = castle

castor = beaver

catálogo = catalogue, directory

catecismo = catechism

catedral = cathedral

católico = Catholic, catholic

catorce = fourteen

Cáucaso = Caucasus

cauce = bed, watercourse

caucho = rubber

caudillo = boss, chief, leader, chief, boss

causa = cause, reason

causar = activate, cause, give rise to

cavar = dig, grub, spade

cazar = chase, hunt

cebada = barley

cebo = bait

cebolla = onion

cebollana = chive

ceder = cede, give in, give up, give way, relinquish, yield

ceja = brow, eyebrow

celebrar = celebrate

celebrar su cumpleaños = celebrating one's birthday

celebrar una fiesta = celebrate

celo = fervor, fervour, zeal

célula = cell

cementerio = cemetery, God's acre, graveyard

cena = dinner, midday meal, evening meal, supper

cenicero = ashtray

Cenicienta = Cinderella

ceniciento = ashen

ceniza = ash, cinder

Cenopegias = Feast of Tabernacles, Feast of Tabernacles

censura = censor, criticism, observation, remark, reproof, observation, remark

censurable = blameworthy, censurable, condemnable, objectionable

censurar = censor, censure, criticize, reproach, rebuke, reprove, scold

centeno = rye

centímetro = centimetre

central = central

centro = centre, average, mean, middle

cepillar = brush

cepillo = brush, plane

cepillo de dientes = tooth-brush

cerámica = crockery, earthenware, pottery

cerca = close, near, nearby

cerca de = at, beside, by, near, nearby, near to, next to, about, approximately

cercar = bar, obstruct

cerda = sow

Cerdeña = Sardinia, Sardinia, Sardina, Sardinia

cerdo = hog, pig, swine, boar

cerebro = brain

ceremonia = ceremony, ceremony

cereso = cherry-tree, cherry-tree

cereza = cherry

cero = nought, zero

certificación = certificate, testimony

certificado = act, certificate, diploma, document, certificate, testimony, registered, registered

certificar = record, register, commend, recommend, register

cerveza = ale, beer

cerrado = closed, shut

cerradura = lock

cerrar = close, shut, lock

cesión = abandonment

cesto = basket

ciclomotor = moped

ciclón = cyclone

ciego = blind

cielo = heaven, sky

ciencia = science

ciento = hundred, one hundred

ciertamente = certainly

cierto = certain, sure, a, any, anybody, some, somebody, one, someone, some one

cifra = cipher, digit, figure, numeral

cigarillo = cigarette

cigarro = cigar

cilindro = cylinder, roller

címbalo = cymbal

cincel = chisel

cinco = five

cine = cinema, movie theatre

cínico = cynical

cinta = bond, tie, connection, league, ribbon

cinta pegante = adhesive tape

cinto = belt, girdle

cintura = waist, waistline

cinturón = belt, girdle

ciprés = cypres

circo = circus

circuito = circuit

circular = circular

círculo = circle

circuncisión = circumcision

circunspecto = thoughtful, careful, cautious, careful, cautious, careful, cautious

ciruela = plum

cirujano = surgeon

cita = citation, quotation, appointment, date, rendezvous

citación = citation, quotation

citar = cite, quote

cítara = zither

ciudad = city, town

ciudadela = citadel

civil = civil, civilian, non-military

civilización = civilization

cizalla para setos = hedge clippers, hedge shears

claro = bright, clear, light, clear, distinct, plain

clase = class, kind, sort

clasificar = classify

cláusula = clause

clavel = carnation, pink

clavo = nail

cliente = buyer, client, purchaser, client, customer

clientela = clientèle

clima = climate

cloaca = sewer

cloro = chlorine

club = club, society

coartada = alibi

cobertizo = penthouse, shed, penthouse, shed, barrack, barn, shack, shanty, shed, penthouse, shed

cobrador = guard

cobre = copper

cocaína = cocaine

cocer = bake

cocina = kitchen

cocinar = cook

cocinera = cook, female cook

cocinero = cook, male cook

cocodrilo = crocodile

coche = automobile, car, motor car, carriage, coach, carriage, coach, railway carriage, waggon

coche-cama = sleeping-car

coche remolque = trailer

cochina = sow

cochinillo = piglet

codiciar = covet

codicioso = acquisitive, eager, greedy

código = code

codo = elbow

coger = clutch, grab, grasp, grip, seize, clutch, grapple, fetch, get, pick up, capture, catch, grapple, get, lay hold of, pick up, take

cohete = rocket

cojear = limp

cojo = lame

col = cabbage

cola = glue, glue, tail

colcha de cama = bedspread, counterpane, coverlet

colchón = mattress

colecta = collection

colega = colleague, colleague

colegio = college

cólera = anger, cholera

coles de Bruselas = Brussels-sprouts

colgar = droop, hang, hang

coliflor = cauliflower

colina = hill

colisión = collision

colocar = invest, lay, lay down, place, put, put down

Colombia = Colombia

Colón = Columbus

colonia = colony, settlement

color = colour, dye

columna = column, pillar

comadrona = nurse, dry-nurse, monthly nurse

comandante = boss, chief, leader, commander, chief, boss

comarca = region

combiar = change

combinación = combination, undergarment

comedor = dining-room, dining-room

comenzar = begin, commence, start, begin, commence, start

comer = eat, feed, lunch

comerciante = merchant, businessman, merchant

comercio = business, commerce, trade, business, trade

comerse = eat up

comestible = edible

comestibles = food

cometer = achieve, act, do, make, perform, accomplish, achieve, keep, observe, perform

cómico = amusing, entertaining, funny

comida = meal, dinner, midday meal

comienzo = beginning, commencement, start, beginning, commencement, start

comisaría = police-station

comisión = commission

comité = committee

comitiva = procession

communicación = account, communication

como = as, how, like, such as, how, in what way

cómo = how, in what way

cómodo = homy, close, intimate

como es debido = decently, properly

como si = as if, as though, in a way

compadecer a = have compassion on, pity

compañero = colleague, colleague

compañía = company

comparar = compare

compartir = divide, separate, share

compensar = compensate

competencia = competition

competidor = rival

competir = compete, rival

complacer = meet with, satisfy

complekso = complex

completamente = completely, entirely, through, completely, fully

completar = complete

completo = absolute, complete, entire, overall, whole

componerse = consist of

compositor = composer

compra = accession, acquisition, asset, acquisition, purchase, acquisition, buy, purchase, taking over

comprador = buyer, client, purchaser, client, customer

comprar = buy, purchase, take over

comprender = understand, realize

comprendido = understood

comprensible = understandable

compromiso = accommodation

computador = computer

computar = calculate, count, figure, work out

común = commonplace, dismal, trite, common, joint, common, ordinary, usual

comunicación = connection

comunicar = communicate, report, connect, connect up, plug in

comunión = communion

comunista = communist

con = with

concernir = concern

concierto = concert

concisión = brevity, briefness, conciseness

conciso = concise

concluir = accomodate, end, finish, terminate

conclusión = conclusion, inference

concordación = accord, accordance, agreement, concurrence, accord, accordance, agreement, concurrence

concurso = competition, contest

concha = shell

condenar = condemn, sentence

condición = circumstance, condition, stipulation, terms

condom = condom, rubber

conducir = conduct, guide, lead, go, ride, travel

conducirse = behave, conduct oneself

conejo = rabbit

conejo macho = buck, buck-rabbit

conexión = relation

confección = making, manifacture, making, manufacture

conferencia = conference

confesar = acknowledge, admit, confess, profess, acknowledge, admit, confess, profess, confess

confesión = acknowledgement, admission, confession, acknowledgement, admission, confession, confession

confianza = confidence

confirmación = confirmation, confirmation

confirmar = affirm, assent, say yes, acknowledge, confirm, corroborate

confiscar = confiscate

conflicto = conflict

conforme = agreed, okay

congreso = congress, convention

conminación = menace, threat

conminar = menace, threaten

con motivo de = because of, on account of

conmovedor = affecting, moving, touching, affecting, moving, touching

conmover = move, stir, affect, agitate, move

conmovido = seized with emotion, seized with emotion

conocido = famous, famous, acquaintance

conocimiento = acquaintance, knowledge

conocimientos = fame, renown

conquistar = conquer

consecuencia = consequence, consistency

consecuente = consistent

consecutivo = following, next

conseguir = succeed

consejero = counsellor

consejo = advice, counsel

consentir = spoil

consequir = achieve, acquire, attain, get, obtain

conserje = porter

conservación = conservation, maintenance, preservation, retention

conservador = conservative

conservar = conserve, keep, maintain, preserve

conservatorio = academy of music

considerable = considerable, sizable

consideración = consideration, deliberation

considerar = account, consider, esteem, regard, take into account

consolar = comfort, console

constipado = constipation

constitución = constitution

construcción = accommodation, adjustment, arrangement, building, building

construir = build, construct

cónsul = consul

consulado = consulate

consulta = consultation

consumidor = consumer

consumir = consume, use up

consumo = demand, sale

contable = book-keeper

contacto = contact

contador público = accountant, accountant

contagiado = contaminated, infected

contagiar = infect, communicate

contagioso = catching, contagious, infectious, catching, contagious, infectious

contante = cash, in cash

contar = count, narrate, relate, tell

contemplación = consideration, deliberation, examination

contemplar = account, consider, esteem, regard, take into account, consider, deem, look, look at, regard, view, watch

contemporáneo = current, present, current, present

contener = bridle, check, restrain, comprise, contain, include, control, govern, restrain, rule

contento = contented, pleased, satisfied

contestación = answer, reply

contestar = answer, reply, respond

contestar a = answer

contiguo = adjacent, adjacent, adjoining, adjacent, nearby, neighbouring

continuamente = constantly, continually, continuously, all the time, ceaselessly

continuar = continue, hold, last, continue, endure, keep on, last, continue, go on, proceed with

continuo = abiding, lasting, constant, continual, permanent, sustained, lasting, continuous, continuous, constant, lasting, sustained

contra = across from, against, in exchange for, opposed to, opposite, upon

contradecir = contradict

contramandar = cancel, countermand, abjure, abolish, abrogate, annul, cancel, remit

contraste = contrast

contratar = invite tenders for, put out to tender, make a contract, invite tenders for, put out to tender

contrato = contract

contribución = tax

contribuyente = ratepayer, taxpayer

controlar = audit, check, check up on, supervise, verify

conulla = inverted comma, quotation mark, quote

conullas = quotation marks, quotes, inverted commas, quotation marks, quotes

convencer = convince, persuade

convenido = agreed, okay

conveniente = decent, fitting, proper, suitable, appropriate, becoming, seemly, suitable

convenio = accord, accordance, agreement, concurrence, accord, accordance, agreement, concurrence, accommodation, accord, agreement

convenir = befit, be fitting, agree, be appropriate, suit, be suitable

convento = monastery

conversar = converse

conversión = conversion

convertir = convert

coñac = brandy, cognac

copa = goblet

copia = copy

copiar = copy, print

copla = verse

copo de nieve = snowflake

corazón = heart

corbata = tie, necktie

Córcega = Corsica, Corsica

corcho = cork

cordel = line

cordero = lamb

cordillera = chain of mountains, mountain chain, mountain range, rand

cordón = shoe-lace

coronar = crown

cortacircuito = short circuit

cortar = cut off, pick, pluck, tear off, behead, decapitate, clip, cut, shear, cut, slice

cortés = courteous, polite, well-mannered

cortesía = politeness

corteza = bark, bast

cortina = curtain

corto = brief, short

corzo = roe

correcto = correct, right

corregir = correct

correo = mail, post

correo aéreo = airmail

correr = flow, race, run, run

corresponder al = answer, answer to, come up to, correspond to

corriente = current, flow, stream, current

corromper = spoil

corrupción = corruption

cosa = thing

cosecha = harvest

coser = sew

costa = coast, seaside, shore

Costa Brava = Costa Brava

costar = cost

Costa Rica = Costa Rica

costear = bear the cost of, defray the cost of, pay the expenses of

costilla = rib

costumbre = custom, habit, way

costura = seam, seam

costurera = tailor, female tailor

cráneo = skull

crecer = accrue, grow

creer = account, accredit, believe, deem, create, think

crema = cream

cremallera = zipper

crema para zapatos = polish, wax

crepe = pancake

Creta = Crete

criada = maid, servant, maid

criado = boy, servant

crimen = crime

crisis = crisis, depression, emergency

cristianismo = Christianity

cristiano = Christian, Christian

Cristo = Christ

crítica = criticism

criticar = censure, criticize, judge

crítico = alarming, grave, serious

cruce = cross roads

crudo = crude, raw, rough, raw, uncooked

cruz = cross

Cruz Roja = Red Cross

cuadra = stable, stall, sty

cuadro = bed, square, painting, picture

cuando = as, when

cuándo = as, when

cuánto = how many, how much

cuartel = barracks, barracks

cuarto = apartment, flat, fourth, fourth, chamber, room

cuarto de baño = bathroom, bathroom

cuatro = four

Cuba = Cuba

cubano = Cuban, cubic

cubierta = deck

cubierto = forks, knives and spoons

cubierto de verdor = covered, grown over, overgrown

cubo = bucket, pail

cubrir = cover

cucaracha = cockroach

cuchara = spoon

cuchichear = whisper

cuchillo = knife

cuello = neck, collar

cuenta = account, bill, invoice, account

cuenta bancaria = bank account, banking account

cuerda = cord, rope, string

cuerno = horn

cuero = leather

cuerpo = body

cuervo = raven

cuesta = acclivity, hillside, slope

cuesta abajo = down the slope, downhill

cueva = cave, grotto, cave, cavern, den

cuidado = care, concern

cuidar = attend, nurse, tend to, care, see, take care, worry

cuidar de = look after

cuidarse de = care about, take care of

culpa = blame, fault, guilt

culpable = guilty

cultivar = cultivate, grow, plant

cultivo = planting

culto = service, worship service

cultura = culture

cumpleaños = birthday

cumplimiento = replacement, replenishment, supplement, compliment

cuna = cradle, place of birth

cuota = dues, subscription

cupón = coupon

cura = treatment, pastor, vicar, clergyman, pastor, priest

curar = care for, cure, treat, cure, heal, remedy, cure, heal, remedy

Curazao = Curaçao

curioso = agog, curious, inquisitive

cursillo = class, course

curso = class, course, exchange rate, rate of exchange

curva = bend, curve

curvar = bend, bend

chal = shawl

chaleco = vest, waistcoat

champaña = champagne

champiñon = mushroom, mushroom

champú = shampoo

chanza = gag, joke

chaqueta = jacket

charco = pool

charlar = chat, chatter

chauffeur = chauffeur, driver

checo = Czech, Czech

Checoeslovaquia = Czechoslovakia, Czechoslovakia

cheque = check, cheque

chicle = chewing-gum

chico = boy, lad, laddie, diminutive, little, small

Chile = Chile

chilena = Chilean woman

chileno = Chilean, Chilean

chino = Chinese, Chinaman, Chinese

chispa = spark, spark

chocar kun = collide with, crash into

chocolate = chocolate

chófer = conductor, driver, driver, chauffeur, driver

choque = collision

chuleta = cutlet

chupar = suck

dado que = supposing that

dama = lady

damas = checkers, checkers

danés = Danish, Dane

dañar a = be detrimental to, detract from, do harm to, harm

daño = damage, damage, harm

dar = give

dar a destajo = invite tenders for, put out to tender, invite tenders for, put out to tender

dar a la bomba = pump

dar a luz = bear, give birth to

dar de comer = feed

dar dentelladas a = snap at, snarl at, snub

dar el pésame a = express condolences

dar gracias a = thank

dar la bienvenida = welcome

dar lugar a = cause, cause to take place

dar parte de = issue, proclaim

darse de baja = quit, resign

darse tono = attitudinize, pose, put on airs

de = by, from, of, on, since, from, of, from, out of

de acuerdo = agreed, okay

de aire acondicionado = air conditioned

debajo de = below, beneath, under, underneath

deber = duty, obligation, owe

débil = faint, light, weak

debutante = beginner

decadencia = decay

decentar = cut into, begin, commence, start

decidirse = decide

decímetro = decimetre

decir = say, tell

decisión = decision

decisivo = decisive

declaración = declaration, proclamation, statement, acknowledgement, admission, confession, acknowledgement, admission, confession, agreement, consent, permission

declarar = declare, state, acknowledge, admit, confess, profess, acknowledge, admit, confess, profess, accede, agree, consent

declararse en huelga = strike

de confianza = reliable, trustworthy

decorar = adorn, decorate, ornament

decrecer = abate, decrease, diminish, drop, fall

decrépito = decayed, decrepit, dilapidated, lapsed, rickety

de cuando en cuando = now and then

decudir = abstract, deduce, gather, abstract, induce, gather, infer

de dia = by day, during the day, by day, during the day, in the daytime

dedo = finger

dedo de pie = toe

deducción = demand, sale

deducir = count down

de espaldas = backward, on one's back, backwards

defecto = damage

defender = protect

defensa = defence, defense, protection

definir = define, determine

de golpe = all of a sudden, suddenly

de hierro = iron

dejar = allow, leave, let, release, leave behind

dejar en pos = leave behind

dejo = accent

delante = ahead, formerly, previously

delante de = before, in front of

delatar = accuse, denounce

delegar = delegate, depute

deletrear = spell

de madera = wooden

de mala fama = of ill repute

demandar = ask, ask for, beg, bid, request

demás = besides, in addition, moreover

demasiado = too, too much

de memoria = by heart

demoler = break down, demolish, pull down, take down

demolición = demolition, demolition

demontar = take apart

demostrable = apparent

dengoso = prudish

de nilón = nylon

de ninguna manera = by no means, in no way, not at all, not on any account

de ningún modo = not at all

dentista = dentist

dentro = inside

dentro de = a, in, inside, into, on, per, within, inside, within

de nuevo = afresh, again, all over again, anew, afresh, again, once more

denuncia = accusation

denunciar = accuse, accuse, denounce, accuse

de otra manera = differently, else, differently

departamento = compartment, coupé, section

departamento de fumar = smokers

de paso = by the way

dependencia = dependence

depender = depend

depender de = be dependent on, depend onldepend upon

dependienta = saleswoman

dependiente = dependent, clerk

deplorable = regrettable, dismal, miserable, pitiful, poor

deplorar = be sorry about, regret, begrudge, regret, mourn

de poca profundidad = shallow, superficial

deporte = sport

depositar = deposit

depósito = depository

depósito de gasolina = gas tank, petrol tank, fuel tank

de prisa = fast, quickly, swiftly

de propósito = deliberately, on purpose

derecho = claim, presumption, pretence, right, direct, straight

derechos de consumo = excise, excise-duty

de repente = all of a sudden, suddenly

derivación = derivation

derivar = derive

derivar del rumbo = drift, be adrift

derramar = pour, scatter, shed

derretir = melt

derretirse = melt

derribar = break down, demolish, pull down, take down

derribos = rubbish, old materials

derrota = defeat

derruirse = crumble, crumble away, crumble off

desaconsejar = advise against, dissuade from

desacostumbrar = break of a habit, teach

desagüe = draining

desanimado = dejected, depressed

desaprender = unlearn

desaprobación = censure, condemnation, disapprobation, disapproval

desaprobar = condemn, disapprove, disapprove of, rebuke, reproach, rebuke, reprove, scold

desarrollar = account for, explain, account for, clarify, explain

desatinar = drivel, twaddle

desayuno = breakfast

descalzo = barefoot

descansar = repose, rest

descanso = break, intermission, pause, recess, repose, rest

descargar = write off, abreact, unload

descendencia = lineage, origin

descender = descend, go down, accrue, come, derive, originate, result, descend, get off, go down

descendiente = offspring, successor

descolgar = abstract, take away

desconcharse = flake off, peel off, scale off

desconocido = unknown

descortés = rude

describir = describe

descripción = account, description

descubrimiento = discovery

descubrir = discover, uncover

descuento = abatement, discount, rebate

descuidado = careless, negligent, careless, negligent

descuidar = neglect

desde = by, from, of, on, since, from, since

desear = ache, desire, wish

desechos = clippings, cuttings, parings, refuse, rubbish, waste, windfall, remainder, rest, debris, rubbish, rubble

de segunda mano = second hand, secondhand

desembarcadero = landing-stage, pier, landing-stage, pier, landing-stage, pier

desembocadura = mouth, mouth

desempeñar = occupy, take

desenfrenado = lawless, licentious, riotous

desentenderse de = ignore, leave out of account

deseo = avidity, covetousness, eagerness, greediness, desire, want, wish

deserción = apostasy, defection

desertar = apostatize, desert, secede

desfiladero = pass

desgastarse = wear away, wear off, wear out

desgracia = accident

desgraciadamente = unfortunately, unfortunately

deshielo = melting, thaw

deshonesto = nasty

desierto = desert

designar = indicate, suggest, indicate, point out, show

desigual = bumpy, different, coarse, rough

desinteresado = disinterested

desistir de = relinquish, renounce, waive

deslumbar = dazzle

desmayado = unconscious

desmayarse = faint, swoon

desmayo = faint, swoon

desmejorarse = decline, go back, fall off

desmoronarse = crumble, crumble away, crumble off

desnatar = cream, skim

desnudo = bare, naked, nude

de sopetón = all of a sudden, suddenly

despachar = dispatch, send off, ship, conclude, dispatch, expedite, finnish, settle, dismiss, turn away, send, transmit

despacho = demand, sale

despedida = farewell, goodbye, good-bye

despedir = dismiss, turn away, discharge, dismiss, fire, sack, discard

despedirse = say goodbye, say goodbye to, take leave, take leave from

despeñadero = abyss, chasm, gulf, precipice

despojar = rob

despreciar = despise

desprecio = contempt

desprendimiento de tierras = landslide, landslide

después = after, behind, afterwards, next, subsequently, beyond, next, then, thereafter

despuntar = blunt

destajar = make a contract

destajista = builder, contractor, building contractor, master builder

destajo = contract, tender

desterrado = exile

destierro = exile

destinatario = consignee, recipient

destino = destiny, fate

destituir = depose

destornillador = screwdriver

destreza = expertness, skilfulness, skill, skillfulness

destruir = destroy, quash

desván = attic

desviar = divert

desviarse = deviate, turn, deflect, diverge, wander

desvío = aberrance, aberration

detalle = detail

detective = detective

detención = apprehension, arrest, detention, apprehension, arrest, detention

detener = arrest

detenido = arrested person, prisoner

deterioración = corruption, decay, depravation, taint, decay

deteriorar = damage, injure, spoil

deterioro = damage

determinar = determine, fix

detestar = abhor, abominate, loathe

de todos los días = daily

detrás = at the back, behind, in the rear, behind

detrás de = behind, after

detrimento = harm

detrito = clippings, cuttings, parings, refuse, rubbish, waste, windfall, remainder, rest, debris, rubbish, rubble

deuda = debt

deudo = relative

devanar = unroll, unwind, wind off, unroll

de veras = absolutely, genuinly, indeed, really, truly

devolver = give back, return

día = day

diabetes = diabetes

día del Corpus = Corpus Christi

diamante = diamond

diámetro = diameter

diariamente = daily

diario = daily

diarrea = diarrhoea

dibujar = design, draw

diccionario = dictionary, vocabulary

diciembre = December

dicho = concerned, in question

dieciocho = eighteen

diestro = adroit, clever, dexterous, skillful

dieta = diet

dietario = agenda, appointment book

diez = ten

diez y nueve = nineteen

diez y ocho = eighteen

diez y seis = sixteen

diez y siete = seventeen

diferencia = difference

diferente = different

diferir = differ, be different

dificil = difficult, hard, inconvenient

dificultar = hamper, hinder, thwart

difundir = send, transmit

digestión = digestion

digresar = stray from one's subject, wander from one's subject

dimensión = dimension, measurement

dimitir = resign, quit, resign

Dinamarca = Denmark

dinamarqués = Danish, Dane

dinero = money

dinero del embase = pledge, security

Dios = God

diputado = delegate, delegate, deputy, representative

diputar = delegate, depute

dirección = address, direction

directamente = at once, instantly, immediately, without delay

director = director, manager

directorio = address list

dirigir = address, conduct, guide, lead

dirigir la palabra a = accost, address

dirigirse = go

dirigirse a = accost, address

disco = grammophone disc

discreto = discrete

discriminación = discrimination

disculpa = apology

disculparse = apologize

disferente = different

disfrutar = delight in, enjoy

disminuir = abate, decrease, diminish, abate, decrease, diminish, drop, fall

dispénseme = excuse me

disponible = available

disposición = aptitude, disposition, talent, ability, capability, fitness, suitability

disputar = quarrel, wrangle

distancia = distance, offset

distinguir = distinguish

distinto = different, different

distracción = distraction, diversion, distraction, diversion

distraer = distract, divert, entertain

distraído = absent-minded, abstracted, distracted

distribuir = distribute

distrito = district

divergente = different

diversión = amusement, fun

divertido = amusing, entertaining, funny

divertimento = amusement, fun

divertir = amuse

divertirse = enjoy oneself, have a good time

dividir = divide, separate, share

divorcio = divorce

divulgar = publish, reveal, acquaint, let know, inform

doblar = fold, bend, bend

doble = double, dual

doce = twelve

doctor = doctor, physician

documento = document, paper

dólar = dollar

doler = ache, be painful, hurt

dolerse por = have compassion on, pity

dolor = ache, pain

dolor de muelas = toothache

domesticado = tame

domicilio = abode, dwelling-place, residence, abode, dwelling-place-residence

dómine = pastor

dominga de Ramos = Palm Sunday, Palm Sunday

domingo = Sunday

donde = where

dormir = be asleep, sleep

dos = two

dosis = dose

dos veces = twice

dotado = gifted, talented, accomplished, talented, gifted, talented

dotar = endow

dromedario = dromedary

ducha = shower

ducharse = take a shower

duda = hesitation, wavering, hesitation

dudar = doubt

dueño = boss, chief, leader, boss, master, owner, owner

dueño de sí mismo = composed, restrained, self-possessed

dulce = gentle, soft, sweet, tender, delicacy, tidbit, sweet

durar = continue, endure, keep on, last

duro = hard, leather, hard

dyschatell = couch, divan

ebrio = drunk, intoxicated

económico = thrifty

Ecuador = Ecuador

echar = throw

echar a perder = spoil

echar la siesta = doze, nap, slumber

edad = age

edad media = Middle Ages

edecán = adjutant, aide-de-camp

edificar = erect, establish, erect, establish, found, build, construct

edificio = building

edificio anexo = annexation

editor = publisher

eficaz = effective, effectual, efficacious

efigie = effigy, head

egipcíaco = Egyptian, Egyptian

egipcio = Egyptian, Egyptian

Egipto = Egypt

egoísta = self-interested, selfish, self-interested, selfish

eje = axis, axle

ejemplo = example

ejercicio = exercise, practice

ejército = army, army

el = the

él = he, him

el día de Todos los Santos = All Souls' Day

elección = choice, election

electricidad = electricity

eléctrico = electric

elefante = elephant

elegante = elegant, chic

elegir = choose, elect, pick out

elevación = altitude, height

El Salvador = El Salvador

ella = her, she

embajada = embassy, embassy

embajador = ambassador, ambassador, emissary, envoy, messenger

embalsamar = embalm, embalm

embarcación = ship, vessel

embarcarse = embark

embargar = confiscate

embelesar = charm

embotado = blunt, dull, obtuse

embragar = couple

embriaguez = drunkenness, inebriety

embudo = funnel

embuste = swindle

embustero = cheat, deceiver, imposter

emigrar = emigrate

emigrarse = emigrate

emoción = emotion

empacar = pack, package, wrap up

empalmar = correspond

empalme = connection

empezar = begin, commence, start, begin, commence, start

empleado = employee, clerk, officer, official

emplear = apply, practice

empleo = post

emprender = undertake

empresa = industry

empujar = push, thrust

en = a, in, inside, into, on, per, within, on, upon

en alta voz = loudly

enamorarse de = fall in love with

encadenación = order

encadenamiento = order

encajar = palm off on

encaje = lace

encamado = bedridden, confined to one's bed, laid up

encantador = charming, lovely

encantar = attract, draw, charm

encanto = charm

encarecer = commend, recommend, register

encargarse de = undertake

en casa = at home

encendedor = lighter

encender = burn, kindle, light, light, illuminate, light

encentar = cut into

encía = gum, gum

enciclopedia = encyclopaedia

encima de = above, over

encogido = afraid, timid

encontrar = come across, encounter, meet, see, find

encontrarse = be found, be located, find oneself, be found, be located, find oneself

encuadernación = binding, cover

en cuanto a = about, concerning, about, concerning, on, upon, as to, as regards, concerning

encuentro = encounter

encuesta = inquiry, investigation

en cuestón = concerned, in question

endrino = sledge, sleigh, sledge, sleigh

en efecto = absolutely, actually, in fact, absolutely, genuinly, indeed, really, truly

en el acto = at once, immediately, just, right away, right now

en el extranjero = abroad

en el fondo = below, downstairs, underneath

enemigo = adversary, enemy

enero = January

en ésta = here

en estado = pregnant, with young

enfermedad = ailment, disease, illness

enfermedad venérea = venereal disease

enfermera = nurse

enfrenar = brake

enfrente de = opposite, opposite

enfriar = cool, cool down, get cold

engañar = fool, hoax, mystify, trick, take in, cheat, deceive

engaño = swindle

engañoso = deceptive, delusive, fallacious, deceitful

enjugar = dry, delete, wipe, wipe off

enlace = starting point, connection

enmohecerse = get mouldy

en ninguna parte = nowhere

en orden = agreed, okay

enorme = enormous

en otra parte = elsewhere

en parte = partially, partly

en pos = at the back, behind, in the rear, behind

en primer lugar = first, firstly, first of all

en principio = in principle

en realidad = absolutely, genuinly, indeed, really, truly

enrollar = envelop

ensalada = salad

ensalzar = commend, recommend, register

ensangrentado = blood-stained, covered with blood, blood-stained, covered with blood

en seguida = at once, instantly, immediately, without delay, at once, immediately, just, right away, right now

enseñar = indicate, suggest, teach, teach, indicate, point out, show

en su mayor parte = for the greater part, for the most part, for the greater part, for the most part

enteblar = begin, commence, start

entender = understand, realize

enteramente = at all, entirely, quite, wholly

entero = entire, overall, whole

enterramiento = burial, funeral, interment, burial, funeral, interment

enterrar = bury, bury, entomb, inter, flood, overwhelm

entierro = burial, funeral, interment, burial, funeral, interment

en todas partes = all about, everywhere, everywhere

en todos conceptos = in every way, in all respects, in every respect, in every way

entonar = intone, raise

entonces = then, then

en torno de = about, round, around, towards

entrada = entrance, portal, access, admission, admittance

entrante = future, close, near, nearby, next, following, next, next

entrar = go in, enter, perform

entrar en cuenta = be considered, count

entre = among, between

entrecortado = broken

entrega = delivery, delivery

entregar = hand, hand over, deliver, furnish, supply, pass, spend, convey, hand, hand over, pass

entretener = amuse

entristecer = afflict, grieve, afflict, cause pain, cause pain to, distress, give pain to

en un principio = at first, at the outset, in the beginning, at first, at the outset, in the beginning

en vano = in vain

envejecer = be on the decline, go downhill, go off

envenenar = poison

enviar = dispatch, send off, ship, dismiss, turn away, send, transmit

envidia = envy

envidiar = envy

envidioso = envious

envolver = pack, package, wrap up

equipaje = baggage, luggage

equipajes = baggage, luggage

equis =

equivocación = aberration, error, mistake

equivocarse = err, make a mistake

error = aberration, error, mistake

escala = ladder

escalar = ascend, climb, scale

Escalda = Scheldt

escalera = staircase, stairs

escama = scale

escandálo = offence, scandal, commotion, scandal

escandaloso = aggravating

Escandinavia = Scandinavia, Scandinavia

escaño = bank

escaparate = show window

escarola = endive

escarpado = abrupt, steep

esclusa = lock, sluice

escocés = Scottish, Scot, Scotsman

Escocia = Scotland

escoger = choose, elect, pick out

escombro = mackerel

escopeta = gun, rifle

escribir = write

escribir a máquina = type

escrupuloso = accurate, scrupulous

escuchar = listen

escuela = school

escultor = sculptor

escupir = spit, spit

es decir = that is

esforzarse por = aim, attempt, endeavour, take steps, undertake

eslavo = Slavic, Slav

eso = that, that over there, those

espacio = room, space

espalda = back

espantar = deter, discourage, scare

espanto = fright

España = Spain

español = Spanish, Spanish, Spanish language, Spaniard

española = Spanish woman

esparadrapo = plaster

espárrago = asparagus

especia = spice

especial = particular, special

especie = kind, sort

espejo = looking-glass, mirror

esperanto = Esperanto

esperanza = hope

esperar = foresee, abide, expect, wait, await, wait for, hope, bide, abide, stay for, wait, await, wait for

espiga = ear

espinaca = spinach

espina dorsal = spine

espolear = encourage, impel, instigate, spur on, stimulate, urge, incite, rouse, spur, stimulate, stir up

esponja = sponge

esposa = wife

esposo = husband

espuma = foam, froth

esputo = mucus, phlegm

esqueleto = skeleton, skeleton

esquí = ski

esquiar = ski

esquimal = Eskimo

esquina = corner

esta = these, this, this here

establecimiento de baños = bathroom

establo = stable, stall, sty

estación = season, station

estación balnearia = bathroom, spa

estación de servicio = filling station

estado = state

Estados Unidos = United States of America, USA

estafar = fleece

esta mañana = this morning

estandarte = flag, standard

estanque = pond

estaño = tin

estar = be, be, be found, be located, find oneself

estar ...ando = busy oneself

estar de acuerdo con = agree to

estar de pie = stand

estar sentado = sit

estar tendido = lie, recline

esta tarde = this evening

estatua = statue

este = east, East

estima = esteem, regard, esteem, regard, respect

estimación = esteem, regard, esteem, regard, respect

estimar = esteem, think well of, appraise, estimate, rate

estimular = rouse, stimulate, stir up

estipular = set conditions, stipulate

estofado de carne húngaro = goulash, stew

estómago = stomach

Estonia = Estonia

estorbar = bar, inhibit, prevent, bar, hinder, inhibit, prevent

estornudar = sneeze

Estrasburgo = Strasbourg

estrecho = narrow, close, cramped, strait

Estrecho de Gibraltar = Strait of Gibraltar

estrella = star

estrofa = verse

estropeado = broken, damaged

estuche = jug, box, container, vessel

estudiante = academic, student

estudiar = learn, study

estudio = study

estufa = furnace, kiln, oven, stove

es una lástima = alas, regrettably, unfortunately, that's too bad, what a pity

Etna = Etna

Europa = Europa, Europe, Europa, Europe, Europa

europeo = European, European

evidente = clear, distinct, plain

evidentemente = apparently, obviously

evitar = avoid, evade

exacción = exaction, extortion

exacto = exact

exagerar = exaggerate

examen = investigation, examination, test

examinar = examine

excelente = fine, great, eminent

excepto = apart from, but, except, other than

excluir = exclude

excursión = excursion, outing, sightseeing trip

excusado = toilet

exhortación = admonition, exhortation

exhortar = admonish, scold

exigir = demand, postulate, require

existencia = existence

existir = exist

expedir = dispatch, send off, ship, dismiss, turn away

experiencia = experience

experto = experienced, expert, skilful, skilled, skillful, practised, adroit, clever, dexterous, skillful

expiración = end, terminate

expirar = end, come to an end, end up, expire

explicación = account, explanation, account, explanation

explicar = account for, explain, account for, clarify, explain

explotar = exploit, utilize

exposición = exhibition, exposition

exterior = external, outer, outside

externo = external, outer, outside

extorsión = exaction, extortion

extra = additional, extra

extracto = extract, infusion

extranjero = alien, foreigner, alien, foreign, foreigner

extraviarse = go astray, stray off

extremamente = extremely, most

Extremo Oriente = Far East, the Far East, Far East

fábrica = factory, factory

fabricación = making, manifacture, making, manufacture

fabricar = fabricate, manufacture, achieve, act, do, make, perform

fácil = easy, facile

fácilmente = easily

faisán = pheasant

falaz = deceptive, delusive, fallacious, deceitful

falda = skirt

falta = absence, lack, shortage, shortcoming

faltar = be lacking, be missing

familia = family

familiar = relative

famoso = famous, famous, famous, glorious, famous

fardo = bale

farmacéutico = chemist

farmacia = chemist's shop, drugstore

faro = headlight

farol = lantern

farsante = attitudinizer, poseur

fatal = fateful, ill-fated

fatigar = fag out, jade, overdrive, override

favor = favor, favour

favorable = advantageous, favourable

favorecer = favor, favour

faz = face

febrero = February

fécula = potato flour

fécula de patata = potato flour

fecha = date

federal = federal

felicitar = congratulate

feminino = female, feminine

fender = split

fenomenal = phenomenal

feo = nasty, ugly, nasty, ugly

fértil = fertile

fidedigno = plausible, plausible

fiebre = ague, fever

fiel = faithful

fiero = savage, wild

fiesta = celebration, festival, party

Fiesta de los Tabernáculos = Feast of Tabernacles, Feast of Tabernacles

figurado = figurative

figurarse = fancy, imagine

fijar = attach, determine, fasten, fix, affix, make fast, secure

fijo = fixed, fast, firm, stable

fila = grade, rank, rate

filete = slice

filtro = filter

fin = aim, goal, purpose, target, end, ending

final = end, ending

finalmente = at last, finally, ultimately

finca = estate, farm, property, ranch

finés = Finnish, Finnish, Finnish language, Finn

finesa = Finnish, Finnish woman

fingir = give as an excuse, pretend, feign, pretend

finlandés = Finnish, Finnish, Finnish language, Finn

finlandesa = Finnish, Finnish woman

Finlandia = Finland

fino = dainty, delicate, fine, refined, gaunt, lean, slender, thin

firma = company, firm, company, firm, signature

firmar = sign

física = physics

fisonomía = face

flamenco = Flemmish, Flemming

flan = cream

Flandes = Flanders, Flanders

flauta = flute

flecha = arrow

flema = mucus, phlegm

flor = bloom, flower

Florencia = Florence, Florence

florin = guilder, gulden

foca = seal, sea-dog

folleto = leaflet, pamphlet, paperback

fondear = anchor

fondo = background, background

formulario = blank, form

forta leza = fortress

forzar = compel, force

forrar = cover, overlay

forro = lining

fósforo = match

foto = photograph, photograph

fotografía = photograph, photograph

fotógrafo = photographer, photographer

frambuesa = raspberry

francés = French, French, French language, Frenchman

francesa = Frenchwoman

Francia = France

franela = flannel

franqueo = postage

frase = sentence

fregadero = dresser

fregar = wash up

freir = fry

freno = brake

freno de emergencia = communication-cord

frente = forehead

fresa = strawberry

fresco = fresh, recent, cool

fresno = ash

frío = bleak, chilly, cold, bleak, chilly, cold, bleak, chilly, cold

friolera = trifle

Frisia = Friesland, Friesland, Friesland

frisio = Frisian, frieze, Frisian, Frisian, Frisian

frisón = Frisian, frieze, Frisian, Frisian, Frisian

frisona = Frisian, Frisian woman, Frisian, Frisian woman

frontera = boundary, frontier, limit

frontón = façade, front, battlefront, frontage

frotar = rub

fruta = fruit

frutal = fruit-tree

fuego = fire

fuente = fountain, fountain, source, spring, basin, bowl, pelvis

fuera = abroad, out, outside

fuera de = outside, outside of

fuerte = strong, firm, robust, sturdy, firm, solid

fuerza = force, strength, vigour

fuerza de caballos = horsepower, horsepower

fulminante = acute

fumar = smoke

función = function, job, office, post

funcionar = function, operate, run, work

funcionario = officer, official

fundar = base, erect, establish, found

furgón = luggage-van

fusilar = shoot dead

gafas = glasses, spectacles

gafas oscuras = sun-glasses

Gales = Wales

Galicia = Galicia, Galicia

gallego = Galician

galleta = biscuit, cookie

gallina = chicken, fowl

gallo = cock, rooster

gámba = prawn

ganado = livestock

ganancia = accession, acquisition, gain, accession, acquisition, asset

ganar = earn, gain, win

gancho = hook

ganso = goose

Gante = Ghent

garaje = garage

garantía = guarantee, warrant

garganta = throat

garra = claw

garrafa = carafe, decanter

gas = gas

gas natural = natural gas

gasolina = gasolene, gasoline, petrol

gastado = worn

gastar = pay out, spend

gastos = charge, cost, expense

gata = female cat

gato = cat, jack

gaviota = seagull

gemelos = twins, twin

gemir = groan, moan

general = general, usual

generalmente = generally

Génova = Genoa

gente = people

geografía = geographic, geographical, geography

geógrafo = geographer, geographer

gerente = manager, administrator, manager

Gibraltar = Gibraltar

ginebra = gin

girar = turn, endorse

giro postal = money order

globo terráqueo = globe, worldglobe

gobernar = control, govern, restrain, rule

gobierno = administration, government

godo = Goth

golondrina = swallow

golpe = blow

golpear = beat, hit, strike

goma = rubber, rubber

gordo = fat, fatty, greasy

gorrión = sparrow

gorro = cap, cap

gota = arthritis, drip, drop, gout

gótico = Gothic

grabado = image, picture

gracia = charm

gracias = gratitude, thanks, thank you, thanks

gracioso = affable, friendly, good-natured, kind

grado = degree, grade

gram = gram, gramme

gramática = grammar

Gran Bretaña = Britain, Great Britain

grande = big, great, large

granero = barn, shed, stand

granito = granite

granizo = hail

granja = estate, farm, property, ranch

grasa = fat, grease

gratitud = gratitude

gratuito = free

grave = important, serious, court, yard, courtyard, alarming, grave, serious

Grecia = Greece

greda = chalk

grieco = Greek

griega = Greek woman

griego = Greek, Greek

grieta = crack, crevice, burst, crack, flaw

grifo = faucet, tap

gripe = flu, grip, influenza

gris = grey

gritar = cry out, scream, shout

grito = cry, shout

Groenlandia = Greenland, Greenland

grosella = gooseberry, currant, currant, red currant

grosero = rude

grueso = bold, corpulent, fat, thick, fat, fatty, greasy

grupo = are, bevy, collection, group, heap, herd, set, bevy, collection, group, heap, herd, set, group

guadaña = scythe

guante = glove, mitten

guardabarros = mudguard

guardar = guard, preserve, protect, save, conserve, keep, maintain, preserve, protect, shelter, protect

guardarropa = cloakroom

guardavía = signalman

guardia = guard, policeman

guardiamarina = middy, midshipsman, naval cadet

Guatemala = Guatemala, Guatemala City

Güeldres = Guelderland, Guelders, Guelderland, Guelders, Guelderland, Guelders

guerra = war

guía = leader, guide, handbook, guide, guidebook

guiar = conduct, direct, guide, head, lead

Guinea Ecuatorial = Equatorial Guinea

guisante = pea

gusano = worm

gustar = please, appreciate, like

gusto = taste

haba = bean

haber = credit

hábil = experienced, expert, skilful, skilled, skillful, practised, able, capable, adroit, clever, dexterous, skillful

habilidad = ability

habitación = chamber, room

habitante = inhabitant, inhabitant

habitar = dwell, live

habituarse = accustom oneself, get used

hablar = speak, talk

hace ... = ... ago

hace poco = just, just now

hacer = achieve, act, do, make, perform, accomplish, achieve, keep, observe, perform

hacer dimisión = quit, resign

hacer incribir = register

hacer la manicura = manicure

hacer las compras = shop

hacerse = become, come about, grow, happen, become, get, grow

hacer uso de = employ, use, make use of

hacia atrás = backward, backwards

hacha = axe

halcón = falcon

hallar = come across, encounter, meet, see, find

hallarse = be found, be located, find oneself, be found, be located, find oneself

hambre = fame, hearsay, renown, repute, rumor, rumour, hunger

harina = flour, flour, meal

hasta la vista = bye, goodbye, so long

hasta luego = bye, goodbye, so long

hasta que = until, till

Havana = Havana

hay = there is, there are

haya = beech

haz el favor = please

haz favor = please

hebilla = buckle

hebraico = Hebrew, Jewish, Hebrew, Jew

hebreo = Hebrew, Jewish, Hebrew, Jew, Israelite

hectolitro = hectolitre

hecho = fact

helada = freezing cold, frost, frost

hemorroides = haemorhoids

hendedura = crack, crevice, burst, crack, flaw

henderse = burst, split, burst

hendidura = ravine

heno = hay

heredar = inherit

herida = injury, wound

herido = injured, wounded

herir = hurt, wound

hermana = sister

hermano = brother

hermanos = brothers and sisters, siblings

hermoso = lovely

hervir = boil

herramienta = agent, means, tool

hiedra = ivy

hielo = ice

hiena = hyaena

hierba = grass, grass, herb, grass

hierro = iron

hígado = liver

higo = fig

higuera = fig-tree, fig-tree

hija = daughter

hijo = son

hilo = thread

hinchable = airbed, air mattress

hindú = Hindu

hipopótamo = hippo, hippopotamus

historia = story, history

hoja = leaf, sheet, blank, form

hoja de afeitar = razor-blade

hojalata = sheet metal, tin, tin plate

Holanda = Holland, Holland, the Netherlands

Holanda septentrional = North Holland

holandés = Dutch, Dutchman, Hollander, Dutch, Dutchman

holgazán = lazy, lazy

hombre = man, human being, fellow, man

hombre de ciencia = scientist

hombre político = politician

hombro = shoulder

homenaje = honor, honour

Honduras = Honduras

hongo = mushroom

honor = honor, honour

honorable = respectable

honrado = above-board, honest

hora = hour, o'clock, time

horario = schedule, time-table

horizonte = horizon

hormiga = ant, emmet

hormigón = concrete

hornada = baked goods

horrible = abhorrent, abominable, alien, awful, hideous, horrible, gruesome, bleak, dismal, dreary, horrible, ghastly, grisly, nasty, dismal, dreary, horrible, nasty, agonizing, hideous, horrible, ghastly

horror = abhorrence, abomination, horror, abhorrence, horror

horroroso = abhorrent, abominable, alien, awful, hideous, horrible, gruesome, dismal, dreary, horrible, nasty, agonizing, hideous, horrible, ghastly

hospital = hospital

hospitalidad = hospitality

hotel = hotel

hoy = today

hoy día = currently, nowadays, these days

hueco = fantastic, of fantasy, frivolous, concave, hollow, cavity, hollow, cave, cavity, airy-fairy, conceited, frivolous, vain, chimerical

huelga = strike

hueso = bone

huésped = guest

huevas = spawn

huevo = egg

huevo frito = boiled egg

huir = flee, run away

humear = smoke

humedo = damp, humid, moist, moist

humillante = humiliating

humor = humour, mood, temper

húngara = Hungarian, Hungarian woman

húngaro = Hungarian, Hungarian

Hungría = Hungary

hurtar = rob

ibérico = Iberian

idea = idea, concept, idea

ideal = ideal

idem = equally, likewise

identificar = identify

idolatría = idolatry, idol worship, idolatry, idol worship

ídolo = idol

iglesia = church, church-building, house of worship, place of worship

ignición = ignition

igual = equal, even, level

igualdad = draw, equality

iguana = iguana

imagen = image, picture

imán = magnet

imitación = imitation

imitar = imitate

impedimento = handicap, impediment, obstacle

impedir = bar, inhibit, prevent, bar, hinder, inhibit, prevent

imperdible = safety-pin, safety pin, safety-pin

imperio = empire

implorar = implore, invoke

imponer = tax

importancia = concern

importante = important, serious

importar = amount to

importe = amount, sum

imposible = impossible

impresión = trace, track

imprimir = print

impuesto = tax

incendio = conflagration, fire

incitar = encourage, impel, instigate, spur on, stimulate, urge, cheer, fire, inspire, stimulate, fan, fire, inspire, stimulate, stir up, urge on, rouse, stimulate, stir up

inclemente = severe, strict

inclinado = oblique, slanting

incluído = including, inclusively

incomodar = bother, disturb, hinder, trouble

inconveniente = difficulty, trouble

increíble = incredible

incremento = accretion, growth

incrustación = fur, scale

indeciso = indecisive

indemnizar = compensate

India = India

indicación = index, indication

indicar = indicate, suggest, indicate, point out, show

indicio = index, indication

indico = Indian

indígena = aboriginal, domestic, aboriginal, native

indigencia = misery, destitution, distress, indigence, need, penury

indigente = miserable, poor, miserable, needy

indio = Indian, Indian, Indian, Red Indian

indio americano = Indian, American Indian

indispuesta = not well, upset

individuo = individual

indole = character, nature, personality

Indonesia = Indonesia

indonésico = Indonesian

indonesio = Indonesian

indulgencia = indulgence

infamar = slander

infección = infection

infectar = infect

infeliz = unhappy

inferior = inferior

inficionar = infect, communicate

inflamación = inflammation

inflar = inflate

influir en = act, affect, influence

información = account, information

informar = acquaint, inform, report, communicate, report, acquaint, let know, inform

ingeniero = engineer

ingenuo = guileless, inoffensive

Inglaterra = England

inglés = English, English, English language, Englishman, Sassenach

inglesa = English, Englishwoman

ingrediente = component, element, ingredient, part

iniciador = pioneer

inicial = initial

injuria = abuse, insult, abuse

injuriar = abuse, insult, offend, jeer, jeer at, taunt

inmediatamente = at once, immediately, just, right away, right now

inmóvil = motionless

innato = congenital, inborn, inbred, innate, native, congentital, inborn, inbred, innate, native

innovador = pioneer

inocente = guiltless, innocent

inpulsar = encourage, impel, instigate, spur on, stimulate, urge

inquieto = agitated, anxious

inscribir = enter, record, register

insecto = bug, insect

insectos dañinos = vermin

insistencia = insistence, pressure, urgency, insistence, pressure, urgency

insistir = insist

insolente = rude

inspector = checker, controller

instancia = insistence, pressure, urgency, insistence, pressure, urgency

instar = insist

instigador = firebrand, instigator

instigar = abet, excite, incite, provoke, rouse, stimulate, stir up, initiate, start, activate, cause, give rise to

instinto = access, impetus, impulse, instinct

instruir = teach

instrumento = agent, means, tool

insultar = jeer, jeer at, taunt, abuse, insult, offend

insulto = abuse, insult

inteligencia = notion, sense, realization, understanding

inteligible = understandable

intención = intention, meaning, plan

intentar = attempt, test, try

interés = interest, interest

interesante = interesting

interesar = interest

interior = inner, inside, internal

interna = inner, inside, internal

interprete = interpreter

interrumpir = interrupt

interruptor = switch

intestinos = intestines

inválido = disabled, disabled person

inventar = invent, invent

invierno = winter

invitar = invite

invocar = invoke, invoke

inyección = injection

ir = go

ir a buscar a = take along, meet, pick up

Irlanda = Ireland

irlandés = Irish, Irishman

ir por = fetch, get, pick up

irse = go

irregular = abnormal, abnormal, abnormal, abnormal

isla = island

Islandia = Iceland

Islas Baleares = Balearic Islands

Islas Canarias = Canary Islands, Canary Islands

islas Filipinas = Philippine Islands, Philippines

israelí = Israelian

israelita = Israelite

Italia = Italy

italiana = Italian woman

italiano = Italian, Italian, Italian language, Italian

IVA = VAT

jabalí = wild boar

jadeante = breathless

jamás = never

jamón = ham

Japón = Japan, Japan

japonés = Japanese, Japanese, Japanese language, Japanese

japonesa = Japanese woman

jardinero = gardener

jardín zoológico = zoo

jarra = jug, pitcher

jarro = jug, pot, jug, box, container, vessel

Java = Java

javanés = Javan, Javanese, Javanese

javanesa = Javanese woman

jefe = boss, chief, leader, chief, superior, chef, chief, boss

jengibre = ginger

jerez = sherry

Jesucristo = Jesus Christ

jirafa = giraffe

joven = young, youngster, youth

joya = gem, jewel, jewel

joyero = jeweller, jeweller

judía = haricot

judía verde = haricot

judío = Israelite

juego = game

juego de damas = checkers

jueves = Thursday

juez = judge

jugar = play, play

jugo = juice, sap

jugo de grosellas = currant juice

jugo de manzana = apple juice

juguete = toy

juicio = judgment

julio = July

junco = cane, reed

junio = June

juntamente = together, at the same time

juntar = join, unite

juntarse = associate, come together, join, pool, associate, join, pool

jurar = blaspheme, cuss, curse, swear, swear

justamente = exactly, exactly, sharp

juventud = youth

juzgado = tribunal

juzgar = judge, judge

kilo = kilo

kilómetro = kilometre

la = the

labio = lip

laborioso = active, hardworking

labrador = builder

laca para las uñas = nail-varnish

lado = side

lado inferior = bottom

ladrar = give tongue, bark

ladrillo = brick

ladrón = thief

lago = lake, loch

lago Lemán = Lake of Geneva

lágrima = tear

La Haya = The Hague

lamer = lick

lámina = plate, sheet, slab

lámpara = lamp

lanchamotora = motor-boat, motor-launch

langosta = lobster

lanzar = throw

lápiz = pencil

Laponia = Lapland, Lapland

largo = long

largura = length, length

las = the

lastre = ballast

lata = can, tin, tin can

latín = Latin

latino = Latin

latón = brass, brass

Latvia = Latvia

laurel = laurel

lava = lava

lavadero = laundry

lavaplatos = dishwasher

lavar = wash, wash up, wash

lazo = bond, tie, connection, league

lección = lesson

leche = milk

lechería = dairy

lecho = bed

lechón = piglet

lechuga = lettuce

leer = read

legúa = mile

lejano = distant, far, remote

lejos = away, afar, far, far away, remotely

lengua = tongue, language, tongue

lenguado = sole

lenguaje figurado = metaphor

lente = lens

lenteja = lentil

lento = slow

leño = timber, wood

león = lion

letón = Latvian, Lett

Letonia = Latvia

levantar = lever, lift, raise

levantarse = get up, rise, stand, stand up, get up, rise, stand, stand up

ley = law

liar = bind, connect, join, tie, tie up

libertino = lawless, licentious, riotous

libra = pound, plate, sheet, slab

libre = free

librería = bookshop, bookstore

libréria = bookcase

librero = bookseller

libritode memoria = notebook

libro = book

licor = liqueur

liebre = hare

liebre macho = buck, buck-hare

Lieja = Liège

ligar = bind, connect, join, tie, tie up

ligero = light, light

lila = lilac

lima = file

lima para uñas = nail-scissors

limitado = confined, limited, restricted

limitar = abridge, confine, limit, restrict

limón = lemon

limosna = alms, charity

limpiar = polish, clean, cleanse, make clean, purge, delete, wipe, wipe off

limpieza = cleanliness, purity

limpio = clean, pure, clean

lince = lynx

lindo = delightful, lovely, charming, lovely

línea = line

líquido = fluid, liquid, liquid

Lisboa = Lisbon

lisera = shoulder, verge, verge of a road

liso = even, flat, level, smooth, smooth

lista = list, menu, menu

lista de precios = price-list

listo = finished, ready, through

litro = liter, litre

Lituania = Lithuania

Livonia = Livonia, Livonia

lo = the

loba = lupine, she-wolf

lobo = wolf

loma = hill

londinense = Londoner

Londres = London

Lorena = Lorraine, Lothringen

loro = parrot

los = the

los dos = both

Los Países Bajos = Holland, the Netherlands

Lovaina = Louvain

loza = crockery, earthenware, pottery, pottery

lucio = pike

lucir = shine

luego = soon, afterwards, next, subsequently, beyond, next, then, thereafter

lugar = inducement, occasion, motive, inducement, motive, occasion, account, motive, reason

lúgubre = bleak, dismal, dreary, horrible, ghastly, grisly, nasty

lumbar = loin

luna = moon

lunes = Monday

Luxemburgo = Luxemburg, Luxemburg, Luxemburg

luxemburgués = Luxemburger, Luxemburg, Luxemburger

luz = light

luz de Bengala = bengal-light, bengal-lights

luz posterior = rear-lamp, rear-light, tail-light

luz trasera = rear-lamp, rear-light, tail-light

llama = flame

llamada = appeal, parade, roll-call, parade, roll-call

llamar = appeal to, invoke, hit, knock, strike, call, give a ring, ring, ring the bell, call, summon

llamar a la puerta = knock at the door, rap at the door

llamarse = be called

llano = plain, flat

llanta = felly, felloe, rim

llanura = plain

llave = key, wrench, adjustable wrench, spanner

llave inglesa = monkey-wrench, shifting spanner

llegada = arrival

llegar = arrive, end up, get, pass, spend

llenar = complete, fill, fill in, fill up

lleno = complete, full

llevar = bring, fetch, bring along, take along, carry, wear, wear

llorar = cry, weep

llover = rain

lluvia = rain

macarrones = macaroni

maciso = massive

madera = timber, wood

madre = bed, watercourse, mother

Madrid = Madrid

maduro = mature, ripe

maestra = teacher, female teacher

maestro = instructor, teacher

magnetófono = tape-recorder

magnífico = lovely, bright, brilliant

Mahoma = Mohammed, Muhammad

maíz = corn, Indian corn, maize, mealies

majo = pretty

mala costumbre = habit, trick

mala suerte = bad luck

malayo = Malay, Malay

malentendido = misunderstanding

maleta = trunk, suitcase, valise

maleta de mano = suitcase, valise

Malinas = Malines, Mechlin

malo = erroneous, mistaken, wrong, bad, miserable, nasty, poor

mal olor = stench

mal reputado = of ill repute

Mallorca = Majorca

mancebía = brothel

mancha = blot, spot

mandar = direct, guide, manage, steer, steer

mandarina = tangerine

mandato = command

mandíbula = jaw, jawbone

mando = command

manga = sleeve

manido = stale

mano = hand

manso = tame

manta = blanket

mantel = table-cloth

mantequilla = butter, blueberry

manzana = apple

manzano = apple-tree, apple-tree

mañana = morning, tomorrow

mañana pasado = the day after tomorrow

mañana por la mañana = tomorrow morning

mañana por la tarde = tomorrow evening

mapa = map, map

máquina = engine, machine

máquina de escribir = typewriter

maquinar = initiate, start, activate, cause, give rise to

mar = sea

mar Báltico = Baltic Sea

Mar Cantábrico = Bay of Biscay

marcar = dial

mar del Norte = North Sea

marea = tide

mareado = dizzy

mareado en avión = airsick

marfil = ivory

margarina = margarine

marido = husband

marina = navy

marinero = sailor

mariposa = butterfly

mármol = marble

martes = Tuesday

martes de carnestolendas = Shrove-Tuesday

martillo = hammer

marzo = March

mar Rojo = Red Sea

marrón = brown

marroquí = Moroccan, Moroccan

marroquía = Moroccan woman

marroquín = Moroccan, Moroccan

marroquína = Moroccan woman

Marruecos = Morocco

más = more

mas = but

masa = lump, mass, dough, paste

más adelante = afterwards, next, subsequently

masaje = massage

masajear = massage

más bien = preferably, preferably, rather

masculino = male, male

masticar = chew

mástil = mast

más y más = increasingly, more and more

matar = butcher, slaughter, kill, liquidate, slay

materia = matter

material = data, material

matrícula = numberplate

matrimonio = marriage, matrimony, marriage, marriage

máximo = maximum

máximum = maximum

mayo = May

mayoría = majority

mear = urinate, urinate

mecánico = mechanic, mechanic, chauffeur, driver

mecanógrafa = stenotypist, female stenotypist

mechero = lighter

media = stocking

media noche = midnight

medicamento = drug, medicine, pharmaceutical

medicina = drug, medicine, pharmaceutical

médico = doctor, physician

medida = measure, measurement

medio = half, half, agent, means, tool, average, mean, middle, means, remedy, resources

mediodía = midday, noon

medir = measure

Mediterráneo = Mediterranean, Mediterranean

medroso = afraid, afraid, afraid, fearful

medusa = jelly-fish

mejicana = Mexican woman

mejicano = Mexican

Méjico = Mexico

mejikano = Mexican

mejilla = cheek

mejor = better

melindroso = prudish

melocotón = peach

melón = melon

mencionar = cite, quote, mention

mendicidad = begging

mendigar = beg

mendigo = beggar, beggar

menesteroso = abject, dismal, meager, miserable, wretched, miserable, needy

menguar = abate, decrease, diminish, drop, fall

menos = apart from, but, except, other than, fewer, less

menos y menos = less and less

mensaje = errand, message

mensualmente = monthly

menta = mint

mentir = lie, tell a lie

mentira = lie

menú = menu, menu

mercado = fair, market, market, sales activity, market, marketplace

mercado de consumo = market, sales activity

merecer = be worthy of, deserve, merit

merluza = haddock

mermelada = jam, marmelade

mermelada de manzanas = apple-sauce, apple-sauce

mes = month

mesa = table

metal = metal

meter = lay down, place, put, put down

meticuloso = accurate, scrupulous

método = method

metro = metre, subway, underground

México = Mexico, Mexico City

mezcla = admixture, mixture

mezquino = petty, small-minded

mezquita = mosque

mi = my

miedo = agony, anguish, fear, afraid, afraid, fright, afraid, timid

miedoso = afraid, afraid

miel = honey

miembro = limb, member

miércoles = Wednesday

mil = thousand, one thousand

milímetro = millimetre

millón = million

mimar = spoil

mimoso = affectionate, caressing, cuddlesome, cuddly

mineral = mineral

ministerio = ministry

minuto = minute

miope = near-sighted, short-sighted

mirada = look

mirar = consider, deem, look, look at, regard, view, watch

mirlo = blackbird

misa = mass

miserable = miserable, poor, abject, dismal, meager, miserable, wretched

misericordia = charity, mercifulness, mercy

misericordioso = charitable, merciful

mismo = even

mito = myth

mitología = mythology

mitra = miter, mitre

mobilario = furniture

mochila = rucksack, backpack, knapsack

moda = fashion, mode

moderno = modern

modesto = modest

modista = milliner

modo subjuntivo = subjunctive

mofarse de = laugh at

mohoso = mouldy

Moisés = Moses

mojado = wet

moler = grind, pulverize

molestar = bother, disturb, hinder, trouble

molestia = hindrance, disquiet, disturbance, interference, unrest, trouble

momentito = instant, moment

momento = instant, moment

mondar habas = string

moneda = coin

monedas = change

monje = monk

mono = ape, monkey, overalls

monólogo = monologue, soliloquy

monopolio = monopoly

monstruo = colossus

montaña = mountain

montar = go in, enter, perform

monte = mountain

monumental = monumental

morado = violet

morar = dwell, live

morder = bite

mordisco = bite

moreno = brown

morera = mulberry-tree

morir = die, expire, pass away

Mosa = Meuse

mosaico = mosaic, mosaic work

mosca = fly, housefly

Moscú = Moscow

Mosela = Moselle

mosquito = mosquito

mostaza = mustard

mostrador = counter

mostrar = indicate, point out, show

motel = motel

motivo = inducement, occasion, motive, inducement, motive, occasion, account, motive, reason

moto = motorcycle

motocicleta = moped

motor = engine, motor

moverse = move

mozo = porter

muchacha = girl, lass, wench

muchacho = boy, lad, laddie

muchacho travieso = naughty boy, pickle

mucho = a lot of, much, a lot of, much, plenty of

mudar = change, turn

mudo = dumb, mute, speechless

mueblaje = furniture

muelle = spring

muérdago = mistletoe

muerte = death

muerto = dead

mujer = wife, woman

mulo = mule

multa = fine, minutes, protocol

multar = fine, give a ticket, take somebody's name

multiplicar = multiply, duplicate, multiply

mundo = world

municipio = community

muñeca = wrist, wrist, doll, puppet

músculo = muscle

museo = museum

música = music

músico = musician

muslo = thigh

muy = quite, very, very much

nabo = turnip

nacer = arise, be born

nacimiento = birth

nacional = national

nacionalidad = nationality, nationality

nada = nothing

nadar = float, swim

nadie = neither, nobody, none, no-one

Nápoles = Naples

naranja = orange

naranjo = orange-tree, orange-tree

nariz = nose

nata batida = whipped cream

natural = coming

naturaleza = character, nature, personality, character, nature, nature, character, nature

naturalmente = naturally

navegar = navigate

Navidad = Christmas, Yule

necesario = necessary

necesidad = need, want, necessity

necesitado = abject, dismal, meager, miserable, wretched, miserable, needy

necesitar = need, require

neerlandés = Dutch, Dutchman, Dutch, Dutch language

neerlandesa = Dutch woman

negar = deny

negativa = refusal

negativo = negative

negocio = enterprise

negro = Negro, black

nene = baby

nervio = nerve

neumático = tyre, tire, tyre, cover, outer cover

nevado = snowy

nevar = snow

Nicaragua = Nicaragua

niebla = fog, mist

nieto = grandson

nieve = snow

Nilo = Nile

nilón = nylon

Nimega = Nimwegen

ni mucho menos = not at all

ninguno = neither, nobody, none, no-one

niño = child, bairn, infant, bairn, child, infant, child

níquel = nickel

nivel = level

no = no, not

noble = of noble birth

nobleza = nobility

noción = concept, idea

noche = night, evening

no ... del todo = not at all

Noé = Noah

nogal = walnut-tree, walnut-tree

no ... mas = no longer

no ... mas que = exclusively, just, only, alone, just, only, solely

nombramiento = appointment, appointment to office

nombrar = appoint

nombre = appellation, name

nombre de pila = first name

no ... nunca = never

normal = normal, normal

norte = north, North

Norteamérica = North America

noruega = Norwegian woman

noruego = Norwegian, Norwegian

nostalgia = nostalgia

notable = considerable, sizable

notar = note, make a note, write down

notario = notary

no tener razón = be wrong

noticia = account, communication, advice, announcement, communication, message, notice, report

noticias = news, novelty, something new, advice, announcement, communication, message, notice, report

notificar = instruct, notify, summon

no tocar = keep one's hands off

notoriedad = acquaintance, conversance, familiarity

notorio = well-known

novela = novel

noviembre = November

novio = beloved, loved one, lover, sweetheart, well-beloved

nube = cloud

nudo = knot, node

Nuestra Señora = Our Lady, Our Lady

Nueva Gales del Sur = New South Wales, New South Wales

Nueva York = New Amsterdam, New York, New York City

nueve = nine

nuevo = new, novel

nuez = nut

número = amount, number, number, numeral

nunca = never

ñajú = gumbo, okra, okra plant

ñame = yam

ñandu = American ostrich, nandu

ñandú = American ostrich, nandu

ñaña = elder sister

ñaño = elder brother

o = or

oasis = oasis

obedecer = obey

obispo = bishop

objeción = objection

objecto = article, object, thing

objeto = thing, aim, goal, purpose, target

obligar = compel, force

obligatorio = compulsory

obra = work

obrera = female laborer, femal labourer, femal worker

obrero = hand, laborer, labourer, operative, worker, working man, workman

observar = keep, mind, observe, consider, deem, look, look at, regard, view, watch

obstrucción = dam, barrier, fence, bar, barrier

obtener = achieve, acquire, attain, get, obtain, get, have, receive

obtuso = blunt, dull, obtuse

oca = goose

ocasionar = activate, cause, give rise to, cause, cause to take place

occipucio = back of the head, occiput

Oceanía = Oceania, Oceanica

océano = ocean

Océano Pacífico = Pacific, Pacific Ocean

octavo = eighth

octubre = October

oculista = oculist, ophtalmologist

ocultar = conceal, hide

ocultarse = hide, hide oneself

oculto = hidden

ocupado = busy

ocupar = occupy, take

ochenta = eighty

ocho = eight

ochocientos = eight hundred

odiar = hate

odio = hate

oeste = west, West, west

ofender = abuse, insult, offend

ofensa = abuse, insult, abuse

oferta = offer, presentation, presentation, offer, presentation, proposal, tender

oficial = official, official

oficina = bureau, office

oficina de correos = post office

oficina de informaciones = inquiry-office

oficio = handicraft, occupation, trade, function, job, office, post

oficioso = accommodating, helpful

ofrecer = offer, offer up, sacrifice, bid, offer, make an offer of, act, introduce, offer, present, perform, tender

ofrecimiento = offer, presentation, presentation, offer, presentation, proposal, tender

oír = hear

ojo = eye

ola = wave

oleaje = billow

oler = give off an odour, reek, smell

oler a = smell of

oler mal = reek, smell, smell bad, stink

olivo = olive-tree

olmo = elm

olor = aroma, flavour, odor, odour, scent, smell

olvidar = forget

olla = jug, pot, jug, box, container, vessel

omnipotencia = omnipotence

omnipotente = almighty, all-powerful, omnipotent

omnisciente = all-knowing, omniscient

once = eleven

ópera = opera

opinión = opinion

opio = opium

oponerse = confront, stand up to, withstand, resist, withstand

oprimido = stale, airless, oppressive, stiffling, sultry

oprimir = suppress

óptico = optician

oración = appeal, entreaty, supplication

órbita = orbit

orden = order, warrant, writ

ordenador = computer

orden del día = agenda

orden por escrito = warrant, writ

oreja = ear

orgulloso = proud

origen = lineage, beginning, commencement, start, origin

original = aboriginal, original, original

originario = coming

orilla = bank, border, edge, shore

orina = urine

orinal = pot, chamber pot

orinar = urinate, urinate

oro = gold

ortiga = nettle

ortografía = orthography

oruga = caterpillar

osa = she-bear

oscuro = dark, dim

oso = bear

ostra = oyster

otoño = autumn

otra vez = afresh, again, all over again, anew, afresh, again, once more

otro = other, another, else

otro lado = opposite side

oveja = sheep

paciencia = patience

Pacífico = Pacific, Pacific Ocean

padre = father, father, father

padres = parents

padre y madre = parents

pagar = pay

pagar a plazos = pay on account

pago = payment

país = country, land

paisaje = landscape, scenery

País Vasco = Basque Country, Basque Country

pájaro = bird

pala = shovel

palabra = word

palacio = palace

pálido = pale, sallow

palmera = palm, palmtree

palo = baton, cane, stick

paloma = pigeon

pan = bread, loaf

pana = brakedown

panadería = bakery

panadero = baker, baker

Panamá = Panama

panecillo = roll

panne = brakedown

pantalón = pants, trousers

pantalón corto = short pants, shorts, short pants, shorts

pantorrilla = calf

pañal = swaddling cloth

papel = paper

papel de cartas = writing-paper

papelería = stationer's shop

papel higiénico = toilet-paper

papel pintado = hangings, paper, paper-hangings, wall-paper, tapestry, wall covering

papel secante = blotter, blotting paper

paquete = packet, parcel

par = pair, even, pair

parachoques = buffer, bumper

parada = stop

parada del autobús = bus stop, bus stop, busstop

paraguas = umbrella

Paraguay = Paraguay

paralelo = parallel

paraninfo = auditorium

para que = so, so that

parar = turn away, halt, come to a halt, stop, halt, stop, shut off, stop, switch off, turn off

para una persona = one person

parche = adhesive plaster

pardo = brown, grey

pardone usted = excuse me

parecer = appear, look, appear, appear to be, seem

parecerse = be similar, resemble

pared = wall

pariente = relative, female relative, relative

parir = bear, give birth to

París = Paris

parisiense = Parisian

párpado = eyelid

parque = park

parte = part, piece, share, share, share

parte trasera = back, reverse, reverse side

particular = affair, business, business deal, case, matter, apart, particular, separate, special

partidario = acolyte, adept, adherent, acolyte, member, supporter, member, supporter

partido = adherents, disciples, following, party, supporters, adherents, disciples, followers, party members, faction, party, side, adherents, disciples, followers, following, party, supporters

parra = vine, grapevine

párrafo = paragraph

parroquiano = client, customer

pasada = former, last, previous, prior, last

pasado = former, past

pasado mañana = the day after tomorrow

pasaporte = passport

pasar = pass, spend

Pascua = Easter

pasillo = corridor, passage

paso = pass, gate, gangway, passage, passageway, pace, step, stride, passage

paso a nivel = level-crossing

paso de montaña = pass

pasta de almendras = almond paste

pasta dentrífica = tooth-paste

pastel = baked goods, pie, tart

pastel de almendra = almound pastry

pastelería = confectionery

pastelero = confectioner

pastor protestante = pastor

patada = kick

Patagonia = Patagonia

patata = potato

patillas = whiskers, side-whiskers

patinar = skate, skate

patinete = scooter, scooter

patio = court, yard, courtyard

pato = duck

patria = cradle, place of birth, fatherland

patriarca = patriarch

patrón = boss, chief, leader, chief, boss

patrono = patron

pavo = turkey

paz = peace

peatón = pedestrian

pecho = bosom, breast, chest

pedal = pedal

pedazo = bit, lump, piece

pedido = order

pedir = book, order, reserve, ask, ask for, beg, bid, request

pedir limosna = beg

pegar = sew, sew on, thrash, glue, stick

peinar = comb

peine = comb

película = film, motion picture, movie

peligro = danger, peril

peligroso = dangerous

pelo = hair

pelota = ball

peludo = hairy, hirsute

peluquera = hairdresser, female hairdresser

peluquero = barber, hairdresser

pelvis = basin, bowl, pelvis

pendiente = ear-drop, earring, pending

península = peninsula

pensamiento = thought

pensar = think

pensión = boarding house, boarding school

Pentecostés = Pentecost, Whitsunday

pepino = gherkin, cucumber

pequeño = diminutive, little, small

pera = pear

peral = pear-tree, pear-tree

perca = bass

perder = miss, lose

perderse = lose one's way

perdida = loss

perdido = lost

perdiz = partridge

peregrinación = pilgrimage

perejil = parsley

perfume = perfume

perímetro = circumference, outskirts, periphery

periódico = gazette, magazine, newspaper, periodical

periodista = journalist, female journalist, journalist, journalist, female journalist, journalist

perito de contabilidad = accountant, accountant

perjudicar a = harm

perla = pearl

permiso = permission

permitir = accord, admit, afford, allow, permit

pero = but

perpetrar = achieve, act, do, make, perform, accomplish, achieve, keep, observe, perform

persa = Persian, Persian

perseguir = chase, persecute, prosecute, pursue

Persia = Persia, Persia

persona = person

personal = personal

pertenecer a = belong to, belong to, be one of

Perú = Peru

peruana = Peruvian woman

peruano = Peruvian, Peruvian

perro = dog

pesado = burdensome, heavy, onerous

pesar = weigh

pescador = fisherman, fisherman

pescar = fish, fish

peso = weight

petición = request

petróleo = crude oil, crude oil

petroleo = paraffin-oil, petroleum

petulancia = wantonness, wantonness

petulante = wanton, wanton

pez = fish

pez de colores = goldfish

pez dorado = goldfish

pezuña = hoof

picar = pick, stab, sting

picazón = itch

pic nic = picnic

pico = beak, bill, mountain peak, mountain top, pinnacle, woodpecker

pichón = dove, pigeon

pie = foot, paw

piedra = stone

piel = fur, hide, skin, skin, fur, fur coat, fur piece

pierna = leg, leg, paw

piernas torcidas hacia afuera = knock-kneed legs, turned-in legs

pieza = fragment, lump, piece, part, piece, share

pijama = pyjamas

pila = battery

píldora = pill

pimienta = pepper

pimiento = paprika

pino = pine, pine-tree

pintar = paint

pintor = painter

pintoresco = picturesque

pintura = dye, paint, painting, picture

piña = pineapple

piojo = louse

pipa = pipe

pirenaico = Pyrenean

Pirineos = Pyrenees

piscina = pool, swimming-bath, swimming-pool

piso = apartment, flat, floor, storey, story

piso bajo = ground-floor

pistón = piston

placer = pleasure, fun, pleasure

plancha = iron, flat-iron

planchar = iron, iron clothes

plano = even, flat, level, smooth, map, design, diagram, plan, plane

planta = plant, sole, plant

plantar = plant

plantío = planting

plástico = plastic

plata = silver

plataforma = platform

plataforma posterior = rear platform

plátano = banana, banana

platija = plaice

platillo = cymbal, saucer

plato = food, menu, course, dish, plate, platter, plate

playa = beach

plaza = plaza, square, public square

plaza de toros = bullring, bullring

pleamar = flood, high tide

pleito = complaint

plemear = high tide

plombo = lead

pluma = feather, pen

población = population, folk, nation, people, city, town

pobre = miserable, poor, abject, dismal, meager, miserable, wretched, poor, miserable, needy

pobreza = poverty

pobrezo = misery

poco = a little, rather, some, somewhat, to some extent, a little, rather, little

poco a poco = gradually, little by little

podadera = bill, pruning-knife

poder = be able to, ability

podrido = addled, bad, rotten

poesía = poetry

polaca = Polish woman

polaco = Polish, Pole

polaina = gaiter, legging

policía = police

política = policy, politics

político = politician

póliza = policy, insurance policy

polonés = Polish, Pole

polonesa = Polish woman

Polonia = Poland, Poland

polvo = dust

polvos = powder, cosmetic powder, powder

pollo = chick, chicken

pomelo = grapefruit

poner = put on, start, switch on, turn on, turn on, lay, lay down, place, put, put down

poner en depósito = deposit

poner pleito a = sue

ponerse = attitudinize, pose, put on airs, put on, dress, get dressed, dress

poney = pony

popa = poop, poopdeck, stern, stern, poop, poopdeck, stern

poquito = a little, rather

por = a, in, inside, into, on, per, within, a, per, through

porciento = percent, percentage

por decirlo así = so to speak

por ejemplo = for example, for instance

por eso = on that account, therefore, on that account, therefore

por favor = please

por fin = at last, finally, ultimately

por fortuna = fortunately, unfortunately

por la derecha = right, to the right

por la izquierda = left, to the left

por la mañana = in the morning

por la noche = in the evening

por la tarde = in the evening

por lo más = at most, at most

por lo tocante a = about, concerning, about, concerning, on, upon, as to, as regards, concerning

por medio de = by, by means of, on, through, with

porque = because, for the reason that, because, for the reason that, as, because, for, since

por qué = what for, why, why, what for, wherefore, why, what for, wherefore, why

por separado = apart, separately

por suerte = by accident, by chance

portamonedas = purse, wallet

portátil = portable

portero = porter

Portugal = Portugal

portugués = Portuguese, Portuguese, Portuguese language, Portuguese

portuguesa = Portuguese woman

porvenir = future

por razón de oficio = officially

poseer = own, possess

posible = possible

postal = picture postcard, postcard

poste = pole, post, stanchion, stake

postre = dessert

postrero = last

practicable = passable, practicable, passable, practicable

precavido = careful, cautious, careful, cautious

precio = price

precio de entrada = admission, admission fee

precipicio = abyss, chasm, gulf, precipice

precipitadamente = hastily, hurriedly, in a hurry

preciso = accurate, precise, correct, exact, proper, right

preferir = prefer

pregunta = question

preguntar = ask

preguntarse = ask oneself, wonder

prejuicio = prejudice

premiar = award a prize

prémio = premium, prize

preocupar = agitate, alarm

preparar = prepare

presa = dam

presencia = presence

presentación = accession, presentation

presentar = offer, offer up, sacrifice, act, introduce, offer, present, perform, tender

presente = present

preservativo = condom, rubber

presión = pressure

prestar = borrow, borrow, lend, loan

preste = priest

presumido = attitudinizer, poseur

presupuesto = budget, estimate, estimates

pretensión = offer, offer of parriage, offer, offer of marriage, proposal, claim, presumption, pretence

pretina = belt, girdle

prever = foresee

prima = cousin

primavera = spring, springtime

primeramente = first, firstly, first of all

primero = first, first, firstly, first of all

primeros socorros = first aid, first aid

primitivo = initial

primo = cousin

primo segundo = second cousin

princesa = princess

principal = most important, main, predominant, principal, chief, main, major, principal

principalmente = above all, especially, chiefly, mainly, principally, chiefly

príncipe = prince

principiante = beginner

principiar = begin, commence, start

principio = beginning, commencement, start, beginning, commencement, start, principle

prisa = haste, speed, haste, urgency

prisión = jail, gaol, prison, jail, gaol, prison, jail, gaol, prison

privar = rob

probablemente = probably, probably

probar = attempt, test, try, prove, try on, try on

procedente de = a native of, coming from

proceso = action, lawsuit

proceso verbal = minutes, protocol

proclamación = proclamation

proclamar = issue, proclaim

procurarse = achieve, acquire, attain, get, obtain, buy, purchase, take over, buy, get, procure, buy, get, procure

producción = making, manifacture, making, manufacture

producir = activate, cause, give rise to, afford, bear, produce

producto = product

profesión = profession

profesional = professional

profundidad = depth

profundo = deep, profound

programa = declaration of policy, platform, programme, statement of policy

progreso = advance, advancement, progress

prohibir = forbid, prohibit

prohijar = adopt, affiliate

promesa = affirmation, promise

prometer = promise

prometida = bride, fiancée

prometido = fiancé

promulgar = issue, proclaim

pronombre demonstrativo = demonstrative, demonstrative pronoun, demonstrative, demonstrative pronoun

pronto = soon, fast, quickly, swiftly

pronunciar = pronounce, pronounce

propiedad = ownership

propietario = owner, owner

propina = tip

propio = own, personal

proponer = advance, offer, propose, suggest

proposición = offer, tender, offer, presentation, proposal, tender

propósito = design, diagram, plan, plane, plan, project, scheme

propulsión = drive

prostituta = prostitute

protección = protection

protectar = protect

protector = patron

proteger = protect

protegido = protégé

protesta = protest

protestante = Protestant

protestar = protest

provecho = benefit, gain, profit, gain, profit, advantage, benefit

proveniente = coming

provisionalmente = for the time being, temporarily

provocar un aborto = abort

próximo = future, close, near, nearby, next, following, next, next

proyectar = make a project of, plan

prudente = thoughtful, careful, cautious

prueba = problem, trouble, proof, sign, token

Prusia = Prussia, Prussia, Prussia

prusiano = Prussian, Prussian

psiquiatra = psychiatrist

publicación = advice, announcement, communication, message, notice, report

publicar = advertise, announce, give notice, publish, reveal, acquaint, let know, inform

pudín = pudding

pueblecito = hamlet, township

pueblo = folk, nation, people, village

puente = bridge

puerta = gate, gateway, portal, door

puerta trasera = back-door

puerto = harbor, harbour, port

puesta del sol = sunset

puesto = barn, shed, stand

puesto de Primeros Auxilios = first-aid station

puesto que = because, for the reason that, because, for the reason that, as, because, for, since

pulga = flea

pulgar = thumb, thumb

pulmón = lung

pulsera = bracelet, bracelet

punta = peak, point, tip, summit

puntiagudo = pointed, spiked

punto = dot, period, point, spot

punto de contacto = starting point

punto de partida = starting point

punto inicial = starting point

puño = fist

puré de patatas = mashed potatoes

purgante = laxative

Purificación = Candlemas

puro = clean, pure, pure

pus = pus

puta = hooker, whore

putrefacción = corruption, decay, depravation, taint, decay

que = that, than

quebraja = crack, crevice, burst, crack, flaw

quebrar = break

quedar = meet, be situated

quedarse = remain, stay, stay over

quedarse atrás = be kept in, be detained, remain, stay on

queja = complaint

quejarse = complain

quemado = burnt

quemar = burn, be burnt down, burn down

quemarse = stick to the pan

queque = cake

querer = love, desire, wish

querer decir = aim, intend, mean

querido = beloved, loved one, lover, sweetheart, well-beloved, best

queso = cheese

quieto = calm, quiet

química = chemistry, chemistry

químico = chemist, chemist

quince = fifteen

quinto = fifth, fifth

quitar = abstract, take away

quitar el polvo = dust

quitar el polvo a = dust

quitarse = take off, put off, absent onself, depart, go away, leave

quizás = maybe, mayhap, perchance, perhaps, possibly

rábano = radish, radish, black radish

rábano picante = horse-radish, horseradish

ración = share

radiador = radiator

radio = radio, wireless

radio de acción = radius

ralea = property, quality

rama = bough, branch

rana = frog

rápido = fast, quick, rapid, speedy, swift, fast train, fast train

raramente = seldom

raro = rare

rascar = scratch

rata = rat

ratón = mouse

raya = ray, strip, stripe

rayo = beam, ray

rayos de Röntgen = X-rays

rayos x = X-rays

raza = breed, race

razonable = acceptable

reaccionar = react, respond

realizar = accomplish, achieve, act out, produce

realizarse = come about, happen, occur

rebaja = abatement, discount, rebate

rebanada = bread and butter

rebuznar = bellow, bleat, neigh, bray

recado = errand, message

recalar = end up

recelo = suspicion, suspicion

recelocaz = suspicion

receloso = suspicious, suspicious, suspicious

receta = prescription, recipe

recibir = get, have, receive

recibo = receipt, acknowledgement, receipt

recientemente = recently

recipiente de agua = basin, reservoir

recitar = recite

recoger = collect, gather, pick up, get, lay hold of, pick up, take

recoger la mesa = clear away, remove the cloth

recomendable = recommendable

recomendación = recommendation

recomender = commend, recommend, register

recompensa = compensation, reward

recompensar = compensate, reward

reconocer = recognize

récord = record

recorrer = cover, go through, pass through

recreación = entertainment

recuerdo = keepsake, memento, souvenir, keepsake, memento, souvenir, memory, recollection, recollection

rechazar = reject, reject, refuse, reject

red = net, network

Redentor = Redeemer, Saviour, Redeemer, Saviour, Saviour

redicho = hackneyed, hackneyed, hard-worked, stale, trite, worn-out

redondear = round, round off

redondel = arena

redondo = round

reducción = abatement, discount, rebate

reflexión = consultation, deliberation

reflexionar = think, think about, reflect on

reflujo = low tide

refrenar = control, govern, restrain, rule

refugio = asylum, Alpine hut, climber's hut, mountain hut

regalo = gift, present, gift

regar = irrigate, water, water

región = region

registrar = examine, audit, check, check up on, supervise, verify, record, register

registro = account book, record, register

regla = regulation, rule

reglamento = regulations, rules

rehusar = reject, refuse, reject

reina = queen

reino = kingdom

reír = laugh

reírse de = laugh at

reja = barrier, fence

relación = relation, understanding, relation

relámpago = lightning

relampaguear = lighten

relevar = take the place of

relevo = replacement, substitution

religión = religion

reloj = watch, clock, watch

reloj de pulsera = watch, wrist-watch

relojero = watchmaker

relleno = replacement, replenishment, supplement

remar = row

remendar = mend, patch, patch up

remitente = sender, sender

remo = oar

remolacha = beet

remolcar = drag, tow

remolque = trailer

renegado = unfaithful

renunciar a = relinquish, renounce, waive

reñir = quarrel, wrangle

reparar = fix, repair

reparo = criticism, observation, remark, reproof, observation, remark

repeler = protect from, ward off

repetir = repeat, repeat

reponerse = revive

reprender = reproach, rebuke, reprove, scold, blame, rebuke, reproach, reprove, scold

representante = agent

representante exclusivo = sole agent

representar = act for, represent

reprimir = bridle, check, restrain, control, govern, restrain, rule

reprobable = blameworthy, censurable, condemnable, objectionable

reprobación = censure, condemnation, disapprobation, disapproval

reprobar = condemn, disapprove, disapprove of, rebuke, reproach, rebuke, reprove, scold, blame, rebuke, reproach, reprove, scold

reproducción = image, picture, figure, diagram, image, picture, representation

reproducir = depict, represent, act, introduce, offer, present, perform, tender

república = republic

repugnancia = aversion, dislike, disgust, nausea

repulsar = reduce the price

requerir = admonish, scold

resabio = habit, trick

reservar = reserve, reserve, book

resfriado = cold, cold

resignación = acquiescence, rezignation

resistir = resist, withstand

resolver = decide

respaldo = prop, support

respectar = esteem, think well of

respecto de = about, concerning, about, concerning, on, upon, as to, as regards, concerning

respetable = respectable

respetar = respect

respiración = respiration, breath

respirar = exhale, breathe

responder = answer, reply, respond

responder a = answer

responsabilidad = responsibility

responsable = accountable, responsible, accountable, responsible

respuesta = answer, reply

resquebrajarse = burst, split, burst

restar = remain, stay, stay over

restaurante = restaurant

resultado = result

resultar = point out to be

resumen = abridgement, abstract, resumé, summery

retaguardia = rear, rearguard, defence, rear, rearguard

retener = detain, hold back, retain

retirarse = retreat

retiro = isolation, separation

retraso = delay, retardation, adjournment, delay

retratar = depict, represent, act, introduce, offer, present, perform, tender

retrato = image, picture, figure, diagram, image, picture, representation

retrete = toilet

retroceder = go back, go backwards

retroceso = decline, going down

retrógrado = backward, retrograde

retrovisor = driving mirror

reumatismo = rheumatism

reunión = joining, junction

reunir = join, unite, join, unite

reunirse = join

revelar = develop, reveal

reverso = back, reverse, reverse side

revés = back, reverse, reverse side, back, reverse, reverse side, back, rear

revisar = examine, audit, check, check up on, supervise, verify, revise

revisor = guard

revista = periodical, magazine, periodical, revue

rey = king

rezagado = laggard, straggler

rezar = pray

rico = nice, tasty

ridiculizar = ridicule

ridículo = ridiculous

riesgo = hazard, risk

rigido = rigid, stiff

Rin = Rhine

rinceronte = rhino, rhinoceros

riñón = kidney

río = river

río Amazonas = Amazon

riqueza = abundance, affluence, wealth

risa = laughter

ritmo = rhythm

robar = rob, steal

roble = oak

robo = abstraction, theft

roca = reef, rock

rocío = dew

rodar = roll

rodilla = knee

rojo = red, red

Roma = Rome

románico = Romanesque

romano = Roman, Roman, Roman, Roman

romería = pilgrimage

romper = break

ron = rum

roncar = snore

ropa = clothes, clothing

ropa de la cama = bed-clothes, bedding

rosa = rose

rosado = pink

rostro = face

roto = broken

rubio = blond, fair

rueda posterior = back wheel, hind wheel, rear wheel

ruego = appeal, entreaty, supplication

ruido = ado, din, noise, sound, agitation, riot, tumult

ruina = ruin

ruiseñor = nightingale

Rumania = Romania

rumano = Romanian, Rumanian, Romanian

rusa = Russian woman

Rusia = Russia

ruso = Russian, Russian

ruta = route, route

sábana = sheet

saber = know, know how

sabido = well-known

saborear = taste

sacacorchos = corkscrew

sacerdote = priest

Sahara = Sahara

sajón = Saxon, Saxon

Sajonia = Saxe, Saxony, Saxe, Saxony

salario = salary, wage, wages

saldar = liquidate, pay

salida = demand, sale, exit, way out, departure

salida del sol = sunrise

salir = exit, go out, absent onself, depart, go away, leave, drive away, drive off

salmo = psalm

salmón = salmon

salsa = gravy, sauce

salsa de malzanas = apple-sauce

salsa de manzanas = apple-sauce

saltamontes = grasshopper, locust

saltar = jump, leap, spring

salteo = assault

salto = jump, leap

salud = health

saludar = greet, salute

saludo = greeting, salutation, greeting

Salvador = Redeemer, Saviour, Redeemer, Saviour, Saviour

salvar = keep, save, rescue

salvia = sage

salvo = bar, barring, except for, subject to, without prejudice

sanar = recover

sandalia = sandal

sandwich = sandwich

sangrar = bleed

sangre = blood

sangría = bleeding, blood-letting

santa = saint

santo = saint

sapo = toad

saque de comienzo = kick-off

sartén = frying-pan, frying pan

sastre = tailor

Satán = Lucifer, Satan

Satanás = Lucifer, Satan

satélite de la tierra = earth satellite

sauce = willow

secar = dry

sección = section

seco = dry

secreción = secretion

secreto = hidden, secret

secta = sect

sed = thirst

seducir = attract, draw

segregar = divide, separate

seguido = directly, straigh ahead, straight ahead, straight along

seguir = follow

segundo = second, second

seguridad = safety, security

seguro = insurance

seis = six

sellar = mark, stamp

sello = stamp, postage stamp

sello de correos = stamp, postage stamp

semanalmente = weekly

sembrar = sow

semejante = like, alike, similar

sencillo = simple, straightforward

sendero = path

sensible = sensitive

sentarse = sit down, sit down

sentencia = decision, judgement

sentimiento = feel, feeling, sensation

sentir = be sorry about, regret, feel, sense

sentirse = feel

seña = character, mark, sign, signal, token

señal = mark, sign, signal, token

señas = address

señor = gentleman, lord, Mr.

señorita = madam, Mrs.

separación = separation, partition, isolation, separation

separado = apart, particular, separate, special, remote

separar = divide, separate

septiembre = September

séptimo = seventh

ser = be

ser arrojado a la playa = be washed ashore, be washed ashore

ser de = belong to

sereno = serene, untroubled

serie = series, set

serio = earnest, serious, staid

ser partidario de = adhere to

serpiente = serpent, snake

ser presuntuoso = attitudinize, pose, put on airs

servicial = accommodating, helpful

servicio = service, worship service, attendance, service, waiting, house charge, service charge, service

servilleta = napkin

servir = accomodate, serve, serve

sesenta = sixty

seta = fungus, mushroom, mushroom

seudónimo = pseudonym

severo = severe, strict

sexo = sex

sexto = sixth

sexual = generative, sexual

sí = yes

si = as, like, such as, if, provided that

Siberia = Siberia

siberiana = Siberian

siberiano = Siberian

sidra = cider

siempre = constantly, continually, continuously, always, ever

sien = temple

sierra = mountain chain, chain of mountains, mountain chain, mountain range, rand, saw

siete = seven

siglo = century, centennial, century

significar = imply, mean, signify

siguiente = following, next

silbar = whistle

silencio = calm, quiet, silence, silence

silla = chair

sillón = armchair

simple = simple, straightforward

sin = without

sin aliento = breathless

sincero = above-board, honest, above-board, sincere

sin duda = no doubt, undoubtedly

sistema = system

sitiar = besiege

sitio = place, location, place, spot, seat, siege

sobre = envelope, on, upon

sobretodo = above all, especially, chiefly, mainly, principally, chiefly

sobre todo = above all, especially

sobrino = nephew

sofocar = choke, quell, suffocate, suppress

sol = sun

solamente = alone, just, only, solely

solicitación = request

solicitar = ask, ask for, beg, bid, request

solicitud = request

sólido = firm, robust, sturdy, firm, solid

sólo = exclusively, just, only, alone, just, only, solely

solo = alone, only, sole, solitary

soltero = single, unmarried

solterón = bachelor

solterona = unmarried woman, spinster

sollo = sturgeon

sombra = shade, shadow, shadow, shade

sombrero = hat

somero = shallow, superficial

sonido = sound

sonreír = smile

sonrisa = smile

soñar = dream

sopa = soup

soplar = blow

sordo = deaf

sorprender = surprise

sorpresa = surprise

sosegado = calm, tranquil

sosegar = appease, calm, quiet, soothe, still

sosegarse = abate, subside, calm down

sospecha = suspicion, suspicion

sospechar = suspect

sostén = bra

sostener = abet, support, sustain

sótano = basement, cellar

su = her, his, its, their, her

subasta = tender

subir = ascend, get up, go up, lift, rise, arise, ascend, climb, go up

subir a = ascend, climb, scale

subscripción = subscription

subscriptor = subscriber

substantivo = noun, substantive

substituir = take the place of, replace, substitute

subyugar = govern, head up, restrain, control, govern, restrain, rule

sucesivamente = consecutively

sucesivo = following, next

sucinto = concise

sucio = dirty, filthy, nasty, soiled, unclean

sudafricano = South African

sudamericano = South American

sudar = sweat

sudor = perspiration, sweat

Suecia = Sweden, Sweden

sueco = Swedish, Swede

suela = sole

suelo = bottom, foundation, ground, floor

suelto = loose

sueño = sleep, dream

suerte = destiny, fate, fortune, luck, kind, sort, chance, luck

Suiza = Switzerland

suizo = Swiss, Swiss

sujetador = bra

sujetar = hang onto, hold

suma = amount, sum

sumar = add, add up, count in, add up, sum up

superficie = summit, surface, top

supermercado = supermarket, supermarket

suplemento = replacement, replenishment, supplement

suplicar = implore, invoke

suponer = guess, presume, suppose, surmise

sur = south

Surinam = Surinam

surtido = assortment

suscribirse = subscribe, subscribe to

suscripción = subscription

suscriptor = subscriber

suspender = reject

suspicaz = suspicious, suspicious, suspicious

suspirar = sigh

sustraer = subtract

tabaco = tobacco

taberna = bar, pub

tabique = wall

tabla = shelf, lath, slat, board, plank

tabla de planchar = ironing board

taburete = bar stool

taco = nail, taco

tacón = heel

tajada = slice

Tajo = Tagus

tal = such, such a, that kind of

talento = aptitude, disposition, talent, turn, aptitude, disposition, talent

talentoso = gifted, talented, accomplished, talented, gifted, talented

talón = heel, acknowledgement, receipt

talonario = cheque-book

tal vez = maybe, mayhap, perchance, perhaps, possibly

taller = workplace

tamaño = dimension, measurement, size

también = also, likewise, too

tambor = drum

Támesis = Thames

tampoco = neither, nor

tampón = plug, tampon

tanque = cistern, tank, tank

tantico = a little, rather

tanto = that much

tápa = cover, hood, lid

tapacubo = hub-cap

tapicero = paperer, paper-hanger

tapizar = paper

tapon = hub-cap

taquilla = window, ticket-window

tardar = be kept in, be detained, remain, stay on

tarde = afternoon, evening

tardío = late, tardy

tarjeta = card, map, menu, postcard

tarjeta de crédito = credit card

tarjeta postal = picture postcard, postcard

tarjeta postal ilustrada = picture postcard, picture postcard

tarta de manzana = apple-tart

tasa = assessment

taxi = taxi

taza = cup

té = tea

teatro = theatre

teatro de varietés = variety entertainment

técnica = technics, technique

tejado = roof

tela = bit, lump, piece, cloth, material

teléfono = telephone

telegrama = telegram

telemando = remote control

televisión = television, TV

temer = be afraid of, fear

temeroso = afraid, afraid, horrible

temor = fear

temperatura = temperature

tempestad = storm

templo = temple

temporada = season

temprano = early

tenazas = pincers, tongs, pincers, pair of pincers

tenedor de libros = book-keeper

tener = desire, wish, have, have got, own, possess, hang onto, hold

tener cuidado = advert, pay attention, pay attention to, watch out for

tener el propósito = intend, mean

tener éxito = succeed

tener lugar = come about, happen, occur

tener puesto = wear

tener que = have to, must, ought to, should

tenga = behold, here is, here are, look, there

tenis = tennis

tensión = tension

tentación = disposal, inclination, tendency, temptation

teñir = dye, tint

tercero = third

tercio = third

terciopelo = velvet

terminado = completed, done, finished, over, through

terminante = effective, effectual, efficacious

terminar = accomodate, end, finish, terminate

terminarse = end, come to an end, end up, expire

término = end, ending

termómetro = thermometer

termos = thermos bottle, thermos, thermos flask

ternero = calf

terraza = terrace

terremoto = earthquake

terrenal = terrestrial, earthen, earthly, terrestrial, terrestrial

terreno = ground, grounds, terrain

terreno del camping = camping ground, camping site

terreno pantanoso = marsh, swamp

terrestre = terrestrial, earthen, earthly, terrestrial, terrestrial

testigo = witness

tetera = teapot, tea-pot

texto = lyric, text

tía = aunt

tibio = lukewarm

tiburón = shark

tiempo = time, while, weather

tienda = boutique, shop, store

tienda de campaña = tent

tierno = soft

tierra = earth, land, soil

tigre = tiger

tijera para setos = hedge clippers, hedge shears

tijeras = scissors

tilo = lime-tree, linden-tree

timbrar = mark, stamp

timbre = bell, bell

timbre de alarma = alarmbell

tímido = afraid, timid

timón = handlebars, helm, rudder, rudder

tinieblas = darkness, murk

tinta = ink

tío = uncle

tirantes = braces, suspenders

tirar = fire, shoot, drag, draw, haul, pull, tug

titubear = hesitate, hesitate, waver

título = superscription

toalla = towel

tobillo = ankle

tocar = touch upon, play, play, sound, touch

tocar la campanilla = give a ring, ring, ring the bell

tocino = bacon

toda clase de = all, every kind of, all sorts, all sorts of, miscellaneous, of all sorts

todavia = still, yet

todo = entire, overall, whole, all, altogether, everything, all the, each, every, everybody, every one

todopoderoso = almighty, all-powerful, omnipotent

todos = all

Todos los Santos = All Hallows, All Saints' Day, All Souls' Day

tolerar = endure, put up with, tolerate

tomar = accept, receive, take, take in, engulf, swallow up, get, lay hold of, pick up, take

tomar en consideración = account, consider, esteem, regard, take into account

tomate = tomato

tomo = volume

toque = touch, touch

torcido = furious

tormenta = storm, tempest, storm, storm

tornillo = screw

toro = bull, bull

torta = pie, tart

tortilla = omelette

torre = castle, tower

toser = cough

tóxico = poisonous

trabajador = hand, laborer, labourer, operative, worker, working man, workman

trabajar = work

trabajo = job, work

traducir = translate

traer = bring, fetch

tráfico = traffic

tráfico de dirección única = one-way traffic

tragar = engulf, swallow up, swallow

traje = costume, outfit, suit

traje de baño = bathing suit, bathing-suit

tranquilo = calm, tranquil

transbordador = ferry

transitable = passable, practicable, passable, practicable

transitivo = transitive

transpirar = sweat

transportar = transport

transporte = transport

tranvía = streetcar, tram

tras = behind, after

trasladar = copy

traslado = copy

trasporte = transport

trastornar = overthrow, turn, turn over, upset

tratado = treaty

tratamiento = treatment, treatment, treatment

tratar = treat, deal with, handle, treat

tratar de = aim, attempt, endeavour, take steps, undertake

trato = treatment

trece = thirteen

treinta = thirty

tremblar = quiver, shiver, tremble

tren = train, train

tren corrido = corridor train

trepar = climb

tres = three

tresillo = lounge suite, three-piece suite

tres veces = three times, thrice

tributo = tax, tribute

tricar = carrier cycle, carrier tricycle

trigo = wheat

trillado = hackneyed, hackneyed, hard-worked, stale, trite, worn-out

Trinidad = Trinity

trinquete = clique, coterie, junto, set

tripulación = crew, crew

triste = sad, bleak, dismal, dreary, gaunt, miserable, sad, somber, dismal, gaunt, miserable, sad

tristeza = sadness, sorrow

trivial = commonplace, dismal, trite

trombón = trumpet

tronar = thunder

tronco = stem, trunk, tree-trunk, stem, trunk

trono = throne

trozo = slice

trucha = trout

trueno = thunder

tú = thou, you, thou, you

tu = your, your

tubo receptor = cathode tube, cathode tube

tuerca = nut, nut

tumba = grave, tomb

tumor = tumor, tumour

túnel = tunnel

Túnez = Tunis

turca = Turkish lady, Turkish woman

turco = Turkish, Turk

turista = tourist

turno = file, line, rank, row, turn

Turquía = Turkey

tutear = thee and thou

uf = shame

úlcera = ulcer, sore

último = last

ultrajar = abuse, insult, offend

un = one, a, an

una = one, a, an

unas = a few, any, some

una vez = once, one time

único = alone, only, sole, solitary, unique

unión = joining, junction

Union Europea = European Union

Unión soviética = Soviet Union, USSR, Soviet Union, USSR

unirse = associate, join, pool

universal = general, usual

universidad = university

un momento = a few minutes, a moment

uno = one

unos = a few, any, some

uno y medio = one and a half

uña = nail

urbano = urban

urgente = pressing, urgent

urgentemente = urgently

Uruguay = Uruguay

urraca = magpie

usado = worn, used

usar = use up, wear out, employ, use, make use of

uso = use

usted = thou, you, ye, you

ustedes = ye, you

útero = uterus, womb

uva = grape

vaca = cow

vacaciones = vacation

vaciar = empty, bottle

vacilación = hesitation, wavering, hesitation

vacilar = hesitate, hesitate, waver

vacío = empty, void

vainilla = vanilla

vale = agreed, okay

Valencia = Valencia

valer = be worth

válido = valid

valor = courage, value, worth

valorar en = blame, hold against

valuta = currency

válvula = tube, valve

valle = valley

vampiro = vampire

variar = vary

variedad = variety

varios = several

vasco = Basque, Basque, Basque language, Basque

vascuence = Basque, Basque, Basque language

vaso = glass, vase, vessel

vecino = adjacent, adjacent, adjoining, adjacent, nearby, neighbouring, neighbour

vegetación = vegetation

vegetariano = vegetarian

veinte = twenty

veinte y uno = twenty-one

vejiga = bladder, bubble

velocidad = speed

velocidad inicial = initial velocity

velludo = hairy, hirsute

vena = vein

vencimiento = end, terminate

vendaje = bandage, bandage

vendar = dress

vendedor = salesman

vendedora = saleswoman

vender = dispose of, sell, vend

veneno = poison

Venezuela = Venezuela

venganza = revenge, vengeance

vengar = avenge, avenge oneself

venir = come

venir después = arrive afterwards, come afterwards, come later, follow

venta = sale

ventaja = advantage, benefit, advantage, benefit

ventana = window

ventilador = electric fan, ventilator

ventilar = aerate, air out, give an airing, ventilate

ver = consider, deem, look, look at, regard, view, watch, see

verano = summer

verbena = fair

verdad = reality, truth

verdaderamente = absolutely, genuinly, indeed, really, truly

verdadero = true

verde = green, green

verduras = vegetable

vergonzoso = ashamed, humiliating

vergüenza = shame

vermut = vermouth

verter = pour in

vestíbulo = hall

vestido = dress, gown, robe

vestir = cover, overlay, clothe, dress

vestirse = dress, get dressed, dress

veterinario = veterinarian, veterinarian

vía = path, road, way, road, route, way

viajar = travel

viaje = journey, trip, voyage

viajero = traveller

viaticar = administer the last sacraments

víbora = adder, viper

victoria = victory

vida = life

vidrio = glass

viejo = old, old, old

Viena = Vienna

viento = wind

vientre = abdomen, belly, tummy

viernes = Friday

Viernes Santo = Good Friday

viga = beam, girder

vigilar = guard, keep, look after, watch over

vinagre = vinegar

viña = vine

violento = acute, intense, intensive

violoncelo = cello

virtud = energy, force, strength, vigour, courage, ability, morality, vice, chastity, purity

visado = visa, visé

visita = visit

visitación = inspection

visitar = attend, call on, see, visit

vista = appearance, aspect, look, sight, view, exterior, view, view, examination, sight, view

Vístula = Vistula

vitamina = vitamin

viudo = widower

vivir = be alive, live

vivo = alive

Vizcaya = Biscay, Biscay

volante = handlebars, helm, rudder, joystick, steering-wheel

volar = fly

voltaje = tension, voltage

voluntad = will, willingness, wish

voluntariamente = willingly

volver = turn away, go back, return, come back, return, turn, turn around, turn round

vomitar = throw up, vomit

vosotras = you

vosotros = you

votar = vote, vote

voz = voice

vuelo = flight

xilófono = xylophone

y = and

ya = already, by now, yet

ya ... no = no longer

ya que = because, for the reason that, because, for the reason that, as, because, for, since

yate = yacht

yedra = ivy

yerba = grass, grass, herb, grass

yerno = son-in-law

yerro = aberration, error, mistake

yo = , , ,

yodo = iodine

yogur = yoghourt, yoghurt

y también = and also, and ... as well, as well as, together with

y tambien = and also, and ... as well, as well as, together with

yugo = yoke

Yugoeslavia = Yugoslavia, Yugoslavia

yunque = anvil

zalamero = affectionate, caressing, cuddlesome, cuddly

zambullirse = dive, plunge

zanahoria = carrot

zanja = hole, ditch, pit

zapatero = shoemaker

zapatilla = slipper

zapato = shoe

zarza = blackberry, blackberry bush, bramble

zarzamora = blackberry

zelandés = Zealand, Zealander

Zelandia = Zealand

zinc = zinc

zona = zone

zorro = fox

zote = addled, foolish, stupid

zumo = juice, sap

zumo de naranja = orange juice

zurrar = thrash


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